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Friday, August 3 2012

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes

Studies in this complete series of Israel In History and Prophecy:
1. Roots and Branches 2. Jacob's Family 3. Moses 4. The Exodus 5. Passover
6. Law Of The LORD 7. The Sinai Journey 8. Joshua 9. The Judges 10. Samuel
11. Saul and David 12. The Civil War 13. Jerusalem 14. Zion 15. King David
16. Solomon 17. The Tabernacle 18. The Temple 19. Israel and Judah 20. The Lost Ten Tribes
21. Kingdom Of Judah 22. Back To Babylon 23. The Prophets 24. Babylon and Persia 25. The Return Of Judah
26. Jews 27. Judaism 28. Purim 29. Hanukkah 30. Hasmonean Judea
31. Roman Judea 32. Herod 33. The Messiah 34. The Zealots 35. Aelia Capitolina
36. Rome and Islam 37. Balfour Declaration 38. Israel Of Judah 39. The New Covenant 40. Alpha and Omega


"So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day"

King Solomon (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon) is famous as one of the wisest men that ever lived. He was, in his younger years, but later on became a lustful idol-worshipper - including in and around the Temple of the LORD that Solomon had built in Jerusalem (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple). The LORD then delivered His Judgment upon Solomon:

The Division of The Kingdom under Rehoboam

11:9 And the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. 11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen." (1 Kings 11:9-13 KJV)

As the LORD declared that He would do, Israel was divided into two independent kingdoms - "Israel," in the central and northern areas (Samaria and Galilee), as well as the tribes east of the Jordan River (see Why East And West Manasseh?) and "Judah," in the south (in Judea), in the time of Solomon's son, Rehoboam. The two kingdoms, "Israel" (i.e. all of the tribes of Israel, except Judah and Benjamin), with their capital in Samaria, and "Judah" (composed of the tribes of Judah, Benjamin and Levi), with their capital at Jerusalem, were never united again.

"12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam [see Rehoboam's Answer] the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? [if they understood what they were saying, it was a dangerous, near blasphemous statement; see Where Is The Messiah's Royal Line?] neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse [see Jesse The Bethlehemite]: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.

12:17 But as for the children of Israel which dwelt in the cities of Judah [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah and Who Were The First Jews?], Rehoboam reigned over them.

12:18 Then king Rehoboam sent Adoram, who was over the tribute; and all Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. Therefore king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem. 12:19 So Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day. 12:20 And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation, and made him king over all Israel [see Jeroboam Of Israel]: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only." (1 Kings 12:12-20 KJV)

"Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God"

Israel was split into "Israel" and "Judah" because of crass idolatry. Amazingly, the very first king of the kingdom of Israel, Jeroboam (see Kings of Israel and Judah for a detailed study for each of the kings of Israel and Judah), filled the land with idols right from the start, just as Solomon had done at the end of the united kingdom (which is what caused its ending). Jeroboam's excuse was political, more than religious (a common condition of the world today in which national idols are usually more rampant and brainwashing than their religious idols - but are idols nevertheless). Jeroboam feared a political threat to himself if the people of Israel went to observe the Holy Days of the LORD in Judah, at the Temple of the LORD in Jerusalem, so he created a state religion for Israel, which was not a copy of the original, but a perversion of the original. Even more amazingly, Jeroboam created "two calves of gold" for the people of Israel to worship, just like their ancestors did at Mount Sinai in the time of Moses.

Israel and Judah

"12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: 12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple], then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.

12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 12:29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan [see Dan's Galilee Panhandle]. 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.

12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi. 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. 12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense." (1 Kings 12:26-33 KJV)

As stated above, Jeroboam "made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi." The Levites, in the time of Joshua, because they were the priesthood (see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood), received lands throughout all of the other tribes, but when Israel created its own religion, the faithful Levites of the northern kingdom of Israel moved to Judah and united with the Levites already there (see No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?). The presence of those honorable Levites had a positive effect on Judah, at least for a while i.e. "the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: ... they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years."

"11:13 And the priests and the Levites that were in all Israel resorted to him out of all their coasts.

11:14 For the Levites left their suburbs and their possession, and came to Judah and Jerusalem: for Jeroboam and his sons had cast them off from executing the priest's office unto the LORD: 11:15 And he ordained him priests for the high places, and for the devils, and for the calves which he had made.

11:16 And after them out of all the tribes of Israel such as set their hearts to seek the LORD God of Israel came to Jerusalem, to sacrifice unto the LORD God of their fathers. 11:17 So they strengthened the kingdom of Judah, and made Rehoboam the son of Solomon strong, three years: for three years they walked in the way of David and Solomon." (2 Chronicles 11:13-17 KJV)

The northern kingdom of Israel lasted for about two centuries. During that time, they descended to a level of corruption, perversion and barbarity equal to any of the "great" nations of today (keeping in mind what this present Satanic world thinks is "great" and "super"). In response to their corruption, the LORD had the northern kingdom of Israel progressively invaded and taken over by a number of Assyrian kings, over a period of more than 40 years. They were given plenty of warnings and hard lessons about what would happen to them if they did not turn back to the LORD, but they stubbornly continued on to their doom. The east of the Jordan River tribes, being first in line to the Assyrian army as it approached from the east, were the first to be conquered and taken away.

"5:25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them. 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (1 Chronicles 5:25-26 KJV)

The destruction of Israel continued, piece by piece, until "the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria."

Map Of The Assyrian Empire

"17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. 17:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him. 17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. 17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes." (2 Kings 17:1-6 KJV)

The kingdom of Israel fell because they stubbornly refused to repent - their wickedness actually increased as the tribulation, that was inflicted in a full-force attempt to get them to repent, engulfed them.

"17:7 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, 17:8 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made. 17:9 And the children of Israel did secretly those things that were not right against the LORD their God, and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city. 17:10 And they set them up images and groves in every high hill, and under every green tree: 17:11 And there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the heathen whom the LORD carried away before them; and wrought wicked things to provoke the LORD to anger: 17:12 For they served idols, whereof the LORD had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing. 17:13 Yet the LORD testified against Israel, and against Judah, by all the prophets, and by all the seers, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.

17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like to the neck of their fathers, that did not believe in the LORD their God. 17:15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified against them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the heathen that were round about them, concerning whom the LORD had charged them, that they should not do like them.

17:16 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal. 17:17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

17:18 Therefore the LORD was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only. 17:19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of the LORD their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made. 17:20 And the LORD rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight." (2 Kings 17:7-20 KJV)

"The children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together"

The fall and exile of the northern kingdom of Israel marked the beginning of "the lost ten tribes of Israel." Unlike the people of Judah, who were also conquered and exiled, to Babylon, later (as we will cover in a subsequent study in this series), Israel never, to this day, returned (as we will also cover in a further study in this series, the nation known as "Israel" today is actually a restoration of Judah, not Israel or all of Israel). How do we know that? Because prophecy says that Israel isn't going to return until after the Messiah returns.

Seeking The King

"50:4 In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together, going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God [see What Is The Day Of The LORD? and The Church In The Kingdom Of God].

50:5 They shall ask the way to Zion [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Zion] with their faces thitherward, saying, Come, and let us join ourselves to the LORD in a perpetual covenant that shall not be forgotten.

50:6 My people hath been lost sheep: their shepherds have caused them to go astray, they have turned them away on the mountains: they have gone from mountain to hill, they have forgotten their restingplace.

50:7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of justice, even the LORD, the hope of their fathers." (Jeremiah 50:4-7 KJV)

The people of Israel will return in two ways. Those alive on the day of Christ's return, who were not of the "first fruits" (see The Harvest Prophecies and When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin; also The Eighth Day: What Does It Mean?), will be physically gathered from all around the Earth (many, if not nearly all, are going to be very surprised as to who they really are - the "lost ten tribes" may have been lost to themselves, but not to the LORD).

"31:7 For thus saith the LORD; Sing with gladness for Jacob, and shout among the chief of the nations: publish ye, praise ye, and say, O LORD, save thy people, the remnant of Israel.

31:8 Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company shall return thither.

31:9 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim is my firstborn.

31:10 Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. 31:11 For the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and ransomed him from the hand of him that was stronger than he.

31:12 Therefore they shall come and sing in the height of Zion, and shall flow together to the goodness of the LORD, for wheat, and for wine, and for oil, and for the young of the flock and of the herd: and their soul shall be as a watered garden; and they shall not sorrow any more at all. 31:13 Then shall the virgin rejoice in the dance, both young men and old together: for I will turn their mourning into joy, and will comfort them, and make them rejoice from their sorrow.

31:14 And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD." (Jeremiah 31:8-14 KJV)

The famous "dry bones" resurrection prophecy is about the return of all of Israel through the centuries (please read the studies that explain each of those points - you cannot get a full and clear understanding by reading just one of these studies). Like the "gentile" world, they are going to look to Zion and the Law too - this time to obey it.

The Valley Of Dry Bones

"37:1 The hand of the LORD was upon me, and carried me out in the spirit of the LORD, and set me down in the midst of the valley which was full of bones, 37:2 And caused me to pass by them round about: and, behold, there were very many in the open valley; and, lo, they were very dry.

37:3 And he said unto me, Son of man, can these bones live?

And I answered, O Lord GOD, thou knowest.

37:4 Again he said unto me, Prophesy upon these bones, and say unto them, O ye dry bones, hear the word of the LORD. 37:5 Thus saith the Lord GOD unto these bones; Behold, I will cause breath to enter into you, and ye shall live: 37:6 And I will lay sinews upon you, and will bring up flesh upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and ye shall live; and ye shall know that I am the LORD.

37:7 So I prophesied as I was commanded: and as I prophesied, there was a noise, and behold a shaking, and the bones came together, bone to his bone. 37:8 And when I beheld, lo, the sinews and the flesh came up upon them, and the skin covered them above: but there was no breath in them.

37:9 Then said he unto me, Prophesy unto the wind, prophesy, son of man, and say to the wind, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Come from the four winds, O breath, and breathe upon these slain, that they may live.

37:10 So I prophesied as he commanded me, and the breath came into them, and they lived, and stood up upon their feet, an exceeding great army.

37:11 Then he said unto me, Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel: behold, they say, Our bones are dried, and our hope is lost: we are cut off for our parts.

37:12 Therefore prophesy and say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O my people, I will open your graves, and cause you to come up out of your graves, and bring you into the land of Israel. 37:13 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves, O my people, and brought you up out of your graves, 37:14 And shall put my spirit in you, and ye shall live, and I shall place you in your own land: then shall ye know that I the LORD have spoken it, and performed it, saith the LORD." (Ezekiel 37:1-14 KJV)

While the Messiah rules the world overall, the first task of King David in the Kingdom of God will be to reign over the re-united kingdom of Israel, Israel and Judah, just as he did after he won the Civil War against Saul. For David, it will be a "been there, done that" task: "David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them."

Earth

"37:15 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,

37:16 Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions: 37:17 And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.

37:18 And when the children of thy people shall speak unto thee, saying, Wilt thou not show us what thou meanest by these? 37:19 Say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the stick of Joseph, which is in the hand of Ephraim, and the tribes of Israel his fellows, and will put them with him, even with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick, and they shall be one in mine hand. 37:20 And the sticks whereon thou writest shall be in thine hand before their eyes.

37:21 And say unto them, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will take the children of Israel from among the heathen, whither they be gone, and will gather them on every side, and bring them into their own land: 37:22 And I will make them one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel; and one king shall be king to them all: and they shall be no more two nations, neither shall they be divided into two kingdoms any more at all:

37:23 Neither shall they defile themselves any more with their idols, nor with their detestable things, nor with any of their transgressions: but I will save them out of all their dwellingplaces, wherein they have sinned, and will cleanse them: so shall they be my people, and I will be their God.

37:24 And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them.

37:25 And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever.

37:26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore.

37:27 My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 37:28 And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore." (Ezekiel 37:15-28 KJV)

Fact Finder: Jerusalem was always the capital of Judah, whether of the tribe, or of the united kingdom, or of Judah in the time of the divided kingdom. What were the capital cities of Israel, after Israel split into Israel and Judah?
See The Capitals Of Israel


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This Day In History, August 3

8: Roman General Tiberius (Tiberius later became Emperor; he reigned at the time of Christ's Crucifixion; see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans? and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) defeated the Dalmatians at Bathinus.

435: Nestorius, the deposed Patriarch of Constantinople (the city was named after Constantine, the Roman Emperor who was the creator of many of the present-day doctrines of the Church of Rome and Rome's "Protestant" daughters who rejected the Pope's leadership but not his antichrist doctrines, including replacing the true Sabbath with the ancient Babylonian/Roman "sun day"; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy, A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Why Observe The True Sabbath?) was exiled by Roman Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt. Nestorius is was the originator of "Nestorianism."

881: The Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu. King Louis III of France defeated Viking invaders (commemorated in the poem Ludwigslied).

1347: Six burghers of the surrounded French city of Calais surrendered to Edward III of England in hopes of ending the siege.

1492: Christopher Columbus sailed from Palos, Spain, on his voyage to the New World.

1527: The first documented postal letter sent from North America was "mailed" from what is today St. John's, Newfoundland.

1546: French printer Etienne Dolet, accused of heresy, blasphemy and sedition, was hanged and burned at the stake for printing reformist literature.

1553: Mary Tudor, the new Queen of England, entered London.

1610: English explorer Henry Hudson discovered a great bay on the north coast of Canada. It was later named after Hudson himself - Hudson's Bay.

1678: French explorer Robert de La LaSalle (Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle) built Le Griffon, the first known ship built on the Great Lakes.

1783: An eruption of Mount Asama in Japan killed over 35,000 people.

1797: Jeffrey Amherst died at age 80. Amherst was the army commander who captured what is today Canada for Britain (1758-1760). Leading a force of 14,000 he captured the French fortress of Louisbourg, Nova Scotia, in 1758, and when Montreal surrendered to him in 1760 all of Canada fell to the British.

1805: Mohammed Ali became the new ruler of Egypt (see A Biography Of Abraham: Abrahamic Religions and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1914: During the First World War, airplanes were used for the first time in a military capacity when Italian planes reconnoitered Turkish lines near Tripoli.

1914: Germany declared war on France, and entered Belgium. Later that night, Britain declared war on Germany after warning the Germans not to enter Belgium Listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1934: Adolf Hitler (who was elected; see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) merged the offices of President and Chancellor into Der Fuehrer ("the Leader").

1948: Whittaker Chambers accused Alger Hiss of being a communist and a spy for the Soviet Union. It began the xenophobic "Red Scare" hysteria in the U.S. (also known as "McCarthyism"), a modern-day witch-hunt that destroyed the careers and reputations of many innocent people for over a decade.

1960: Niger became independent from colonial France.

1972: The U.S. Senate ratified the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (which had no genuine effect on the spread of nuclear weapons of mass destruction).

1981: Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launched the "Antiimperialist Action Front-Suxxali Reew Mi".

2001: "Irish Republican Army" terrorists detonated a car bomb in London.

2005: A military coup in Mauritania overthrew the government of President Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya while he was in Saudi Arabia for the funeral of King Fahd.

2005: Mahmoud Ahmadinejad became President of Iran.





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