Make a Donation
About The Author
Holy Day Calendar
Free Online Bibles
Bible Reading Plan
|Get Daily Bible Study on Facebook||Get Daily Bible Study on Twitter Follow @WayneBlank|
Sunday, August 5 2012
Israel In History and Prophecy: Back To Babylon
Abraham's Journey From Mesopotamia
The map below shows ancient Mesopotamia (which means "between the rivers" i.e. the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers) as the shaded areas in the upper right of the map. Abraham was born in Ur, a city of southern Mesopotamia near where the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers flow into the Persian Gulf.
The map also shows the "Fertile Crescent," a relatively productive and well-watered area that arcs over and around the vast deserts of Arabia, from the Tigris-Euphrates Valley in Iraq, through Syria, to the Mediterranean coast of Lebanon and Israel. Also shown on the map is the relatively narrow, but immense in length, region that is watered by the Nile River of Africa (the Nile is the world's longest river), until it terminates in the lush Nile Delta area (see Why Did They Go To Goshen?) before emptying into the Mediterranean Sea.
It was from Ur in Mesopotamia (the place is today in Iraq) that the LORD chose Abraham to journey to a land that would serve a purpose to the LORD (A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan, A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac and Where Jacob Became Israel).
"11:31 And Terah took Abram his son [see - A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram], and Lot the son of Haran his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram's wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there. 11:32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran." (Genesis 11:31-32 KJV)
Israel Exiled To Assyria
Two great empires existed in ancient Mesopotamia - the Assyrian Empire, that peaked in imperial power around the eighth century BC, and then the Babylonian Empire, that peaked in imperial power around the sixth century BC. The map below shows the Assyrian Empire. At its south-western-most tip was the land of Israel.
Abraham came out of the land of Babylon (a name that originated from the Tower of Babel; see Genesis 11:1-9) to found a line of people who were to be a prefigure of the Kingdom of God, in which, like Abraham, everyone obeyed the Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?, Who Is The LORD? and The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God). Unfortunately, they became corrupt instead, so the LORD had Israel split into two separate kingdoms, "Israel" and "Judah" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah). When Israel went grossly corrupt, and refused warnings from the LORD's prophets (see The Prophets: North and South) to repent, the LORD had the Assyrian Empire conquer Israel and take its people away into exile by 721 BC. They never returned (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). Rebellious Israel was sent back to the place to where repentant Abraham began.
17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel nine years. 17:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, but not as the kings of Israel that were before him. 17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. 17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria [see The Capitals Of Israel], and besieged it three years. 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
Judah Exiled To Babylon
The Assyrian Empire was eventually defeated and swallowed up by the Babylonian Empire (see also What And Where Is Babylon Today?). The map below shows the territorial extent of the Babylonian Empire (notice, like the Assyrian Empire, the "Fertile Crescent" wasn't merely a part of the Empire; it was an attack and supply route - the reason that, as some prophecies record, attacks from the "north" actually came from enemy nations in the east).
By 586 BC, Judah had become as corrupt as Israel had done (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah). The LORD then not only permitted the Babylonians to attack and conquer Israel, but He actually made it happen. The Kingdom of Judah fell, Jerusalem was destroyed, and the Temple that Solomon built was demolished. As happened to Israel over a century earlier, rebellious Judah was sent back to the place to where repentant Abraham began. For the sake of the coming Messiah however, the Kingdom of Judah, unlike "the lost ten tribes" of the Kingdom of Israel, were permitted to return, seventy years later, as we will cover in a subsequent study in this series.
"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy. 36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand. 36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God [see also The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today], great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon. 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
Fact Finder: What did the prophet Jeremiah know about Judah's return from their exile in Babylon?
This Day In History, August 5
642: The Battle of Maserfield was fought between the forces of Penda of Mercia and Oswald of Northumbria.
910: The Battle of Tettenhall. Forces of Mercia and Wessex, under King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia, ended further Danish attacks on England.
1100: Henry I was crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1305: William Wallace, Scottish hero and champion of Scottish independence who beat Edward I at the battle of Stirling Bridge, was captured by the English and later executed.
1388: The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, was fought near Otterburn.
1456: With Halley's Comet overhead, 40,000 Church of Rome "Crusaders" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy) battled at Belgrade, a city besieged by the Turks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1529: The Treaty of Cambrai was signed by Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (see The Holy Roman Empire). Francis renounced his claim to Italy and Charles renounced his claims to Burgundy.
1583: Sir Humphrey Gilbert founded the first English colony in North America, at what is today St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada.
1600: The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England; the King James Version of the Holy Bible is named after him) takes place.
1620: Nearly 40 years after the first English settlement in North America was established, in Newfoundland (see entry for 1583 above), the Mayflower sailed from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America.
1689: Iroquois warriors attacked the settlement of Lachine, just west of Montreal, killed about 200 settlers and took 100 others as prisoners. The attack was seen as retaliation for an event 2 years before when 50 Iroquois were sent to France as galley slaves.
1716: In a devastating defeat, Prince Eugene of Savoy with a force of 40,000 Austrians defeated 150,000 Turks under Darnad Ali Pasha at the battle of Peterwardein. Over 30,000 Turks were killed.
1762: Russia, Prussia and Austria signed a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland.
1824: During the Greek War of Independence, Constantine Kanaris led a Greek fleet to victory against Ottoman and Egyptian ships in the Battle of Samos.
1850: The Australian Government Act granted representative governments to South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria.
1858: The first trans-Atlantic cable was completed, enabling telegraphic communication between Britain and the U.S. The service was ended on September 1 because the current was too weak.
1884: The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor. While most are aware that it was a gift from the Roman-Catholic people and government of France, very few are aware (and are often shocked to learn) that the Statue of Liberty was a deliberate, as stated by its builders, reproduction of the ancient Roman goddess Libertas, idol-worshipping Rome's "goddess of freedom." A 2,000 year-old Roman coin from 42 BC, from the era of the birth of the Roman Empire, seen below, shows Libertas (including the idol's name, the Latin Libertas, in English meaning "Lady Liberty" right on the coin); the face and the crown are identical to the Statue of Liberty.
1963: The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed. It disallowed testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater; however, since the U.S. and Soviets wanted to develop their weapons of mass destruction further, underground testing was allowed under the treaty. France and China did not sign the treaty, and continued testing in the atmosphere.
1974: With no longer deniable criminal evidence mounting against him, U.S. President Richard Nixon admitted that he had lied and withheld information (including in nationally-televised Presidential addresses) about the Watergate burglary and subsequent obstruction of justice cover-up. He announced his resignation three days later. His successor, Gerald Ford (the only man to hold the office of Vice President, and then President, without ever having been elected to either office i.e. Ford was appointed Vice President when Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned when he was convicted of tax evasion), pardoned Nixon before he could be prosecuted and sent to prison (a number of top level members of the Nixon regime did go to prison, including White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell).
1989: The Sandinista Front on a majority in general elections in Nicaragua.
2010: 33 Chilean miners were trapped 2,300 feet below ground at the Copiapo mine. They were rescued 69 days later.