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Saturday, August 25 2012

What Does The Bible Say About Lucre?

"Lucre" originated from a French word, lucre, which itself originated from a Latin word, lucrum, which meant to gain, or to profit. The English word "lucrative" is merely an adjective form of the noun "lucre."

To profit from honest work is not wrong. Christ's Fourth Commandment (see Who Is The LORD? and When Is The LORD's Day?) is based upon work (see the Fact Finder question below), so that there is something to rest from on the Sabbath Day.

"20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it." (Exodus 20:8-11 KJV)

The Messiah used honestly profiting in business as an analogy of living a righteous life according to His teachings. The one who does not increase is a "worthless servant."

The Parable Of The Talents

"25:14 For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. 25:15 And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey. 25:16 Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other five talents. 25:17 And likewise he that had received two, he also gained other two. 25:18 But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his LORD money.

25:19 After a long time the lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them. 25:20 And so he that had received five talents came and brought other five talents, saying, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me five talents: behold, I have gained beside them five talents more.

25:21 His lord said unto him, Well done, thou good and faithful servant: thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.

25:22 He also that had received two talents came and said, Lord, thou deliveredst unto me two talents: behold, I have gained two other talents beside them.

25:23 His lord said unto him, Well done, good and faithful servant; thou hast been faithful over a few things, I will make thee ruler over many things: enter thou into the joy of thy lord.

25:24 Then he which had received the one talent came and said, Lord, I knew thee that thou art an hard man, reaping where thou hast not sown, and gathering where thou hast not strowed: 25:25 And I was afraid, and went and hid thy talent in the earth: lo, there thou hast that is thine.

25:26 His lord answered and said unto him, Thou wicked and slothful servant, thou knewest that I reap where I sowed not, and gather where I have not strowed: 25:27 Thou oughtest therefore to have put my money to the exchangers, and then at my coming I should have received mine own with usury.

25:28 Take therefore the talent from him, and give it unto him which hath ten talents. 25:29 For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not shall be taken away even that which he hath. 25:30 And cast ye the unprofitable servant into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth." (Matthew 25:14-30 KJV)

"Filthy Lucre"?

Four different Hebrew and Greek words of the Holy Scriptures are translated in the King James Version as "lucre." The first, the Hebrew word pronounced bay-tsaw, means to profit by plunder. Notice here that, along with their turning aside, from God's Law, after "lucre," Samuel's corrupt sons "took bribes, and perverted judgment."

The Widow's Mite

"8:1 And it came to pass, when Samuel [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel] was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.

8:2 Now the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abiah: they were judges in Beersheba.

8:3 And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after lucre, and took bribes, and perverted judgment." (1 Samuel 8:1-3 KJV)

The Greek word pronounced af-il-ar-goo-ros means without covetousness i.e. "filthy lucre" is a violation of the Tenth Commandment ("20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's" Exodus 20:17 KJV). It is translated here as "not greedy of filthy lucre."

"3:1 This is a true saying, If a man desire the office of a bishop, he desireth a good work. 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behaviour, given to hospitality, apt to teach; 3:3 Not given to wine, no striker, not greedy of filthy lucre; but patient, not a brawler, not covetous; 3:4 One that ruleth well his own house, having his children in subjection with all gravity; 3:5 For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church of God? 3:6 Not a novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil. 3:7 Moreover he must have a good report of them which are without; lest he fall into reproach and the snare of the devil." (1 Timothy 3:8-10 KJV)

The Greek word pronounced ahee-skhrok-er-dace means greedy. It is translated all three times that it was written as "filthy lucre" or "greedy of filthy lucre."

"3:8 Likewise must the deacons be grave, not doubletongued, not given to much wine, not greedy of filthy lucre; 3:9 Holding the mystery of the faith in a pure conscience. 3:10 And let these also first be proved; then let them use the office of a deacon, being found blameless." (1 Timothy 3:8-10 KJV)

"1:7 For a bishop must be blameless, as the steward of God; not selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine, no striker, not given to filthy lucre; 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate; 1:9 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers." (Titus 1:7-9 KJV)

"5:1 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker of the glory that shall be revealed: 5:2 Feed the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre, but of a ready mind; 5:3 Neither as being lords over God's heritage, but being ensamples to the flock." (1 Peter 5:1-3 KJV)

The Greek word pronounced ker-dos means ill gain by persuasion, translated here as "teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake."

"1:10 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of the circumcision: 1:11 Whose mouths must be stopped, who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not, for filthy lucre's sake." (Titus 1:10-11 KJV)

Fact Finder: What does work have to do with keeping the Sabbath?
See The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work and The Fourth Commandment, Part Two: Rest


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This Day In History, August 25

325: The Council Of Nicaea ended with the adoption of the Nicene Creed, establishing the Roman Catholic doctrine of the Trinity (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1560: Protestantism was formally adopted at the First General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. The Scottish Parliament had already instituted a Calvinist confession of faith, declaring that the pope no longer had jurisdiction over Scotland.

1580: Spanish forces under the Duke of Alva fought the Portuguese at the Battle of Alcantara.

1609: Galileo demonstrated his newly-invented telescope to the Roman church authorities. His correct scientific discoveries (e.g. that the earth orbits the sun, not the sun orbits the earth; see also Do You Observe Christ's Sabbath Or Babylon's Sun Day?) nearly got him condemned for heresy.

1635: A hurricane hit Plymouth colony.

1718: The city of New Orleans, Louisiana, was founded and named in honor of the Duke of Orleans of France.

1758: The Prussian army defeated the invading Russians at the Battle of Zorndorf.

1825: Uruguay declared its independence from Spain.

1830: A revolt broke out in the French-speaking provinces of the Netherlands, against union into Belgium.

1943: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Louis Mountbatten of Britain was appointed Supreme Allied Commander in Southeast Asia.

1944: During the Second World War, Paris was liberated from German occupation by Free French Forces under General Jacques LeClerc.

1978: The Church of Rome's "Shroud of Turin," which is incorrectly (see Shroud Of Turin: A Miraculous Fake?) believed by some to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ, went on public display for the first time in over 40 years.

1995: A rare fireball, caused by a large meteor, passed over southern Ontario and was accidentally filmed by a CITY-TV crew in Toronto.


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