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Sunday, September 16 2012
The Epistles: James
There were at least three prominent men named James (the English form of Jacob) in the New Testament record. Historians debate which of them was the author of the epistle of James.
The apostle James (one of the first four of the Twelve), the brother of John. He was killed by Herod.
"4:18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 4:19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. 4:20 And they straightway left their nets, and followed him. 4:21 And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother [see also The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth], in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them." (Matthew 4:18-21 KJV)
The apostle James (another of the Twelve), the son of Alphaeus:
"10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother [see also What Did Peter and John See That Others Didn't?]; 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 10:4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him." (Matthew 10:2-4 KJV)
James, one of the brothers of Jesus of Nazareth.
"13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works? 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? 13:56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? [see The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth] Whence then hath this man all these things?" (Matthew 13:54-56 KJV)
"Of His own will begat He us with the Word of Truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of His creatures"
While some have interpreted "to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad" to mean that the epistle was addressed the "lost ten tribes" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes) and the people of Judah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah), it seems obvious that he was addressing people who not only knew who they were, but moreover knew what they were - believers in the Messiah when He came.
"1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
James was specifically addressing converted Christians, referring to the "firstfruits" of salvation ("we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures") whose salvation will happen on the day of Christ's return (see The Harvest Prophecies and When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin). Unconverted people are not subject to temptation to fall away.
"1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
Unlike those who merely claim to be Christian, using Christ's Name to do as they please, James warned "be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves."
"1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: 1:20 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
Even devils have the impotent faith ("Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble") of those who reject the LORD's command to actually and genuinely obey Him as a manifestion of faith i.e. being faithful to the LORD (see Who Is The LORD?).
"2:14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? [see Works Means Obedience] can faith save him? 2:15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 2:16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 2:17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone [see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners].
Right from the Garden of Eden when the first humans turned from the Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?) to the lies of the Devil, humanity has existed in a war of words, the Word of God verses Satan the accuser (Satan literally means accuser; see Sending Away The Escapades Goat).
"3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.
Conflict, between people, and hence between nations, results from the lust of malignant-minded humans to take what belongs to others - having a psychotic sensitivity for their own personal or national sovereignty, while hypocritically plundering everyone and everything else that they can. "Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God."
"4:1 From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members? 4:2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. 4:3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts. 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
Fact Finder: What changes will "the day of the LORD" being upon the world?
This Day In History, September 16
307: Western Roman Emperor Severus II was captured and imprisoned at Tres Tabernae. He was later executed (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).
1620: The Mayflower set sail from Plymouth, England, bound for the New World. On board were 48 crew members and 101 colonists, including 35 Separatists from Leiden, Holland, known afterward as the Pilgrims. During the three-month voyage, two passengers died and two babies were born.
1673: Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I declared war against France (see The Holy Roman Empire).
1736: German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit died at age 50. The Fahrenheit temperature scale is named after him.
1747: The French captured Bergen-op-Zoom, consolidating their occupation of Austrian Flanders in the Netherlands.
1810: A rebellion against Spanish rule broke out in Mexico when the priest Hidalgo y Costilla issued the grito de Dolores.
1812: The Great Fire of Moscow destroyed 75% of the Russian city.
1882: The Great September Comet of 1882 was so bright that it could easily be seen in the daytime sky.
1893: Albert Szent-Gyorgyi was born in Hungary. The Nobel Prize winning biochemist was the first to isolate vitamin C.
1920: A terrorist bomb exploded in the Wall Street district of New York City, killing at least 25 people.
1934: An anti-Nazi protest was held in Munich. Not all Germans believed Adolf Hitler's "patriotic" myths and excuses for doing Satanic evil (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1945: At the end of the Second World War, Britain took Hong Kong from the Japanese. Britain surrendered political control of the wealthy island to the Chinese in 1997.
1947: Typhoon Kathleen killed over 1,900 people in Japan.
1955: A Soviet submarine became the first submarine to launch a ballistic missile.
1955: Argentine President Juan Peron was ousted by a military coup.
1959: The first operational photocopier, the Xerox 914, was introduced.
1975: Papua New Guinea became independent from Australia.
1978: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake killed 25,000 people in Iran.
1982: Lebanese Phalangist militiamen entered the Palestinian refugee camps at Saba and Shatila and slaughtered over 2,000 men, women and children. The Israeli military had unwittingly allowed the murderers into the camps.
1991: Despite worldwide protests that it violated established diplomatic and prisoner of war laws of civilized nations, prosecution under U.S. domestic law of captured Panamanian President Manuel Noriega began in a U.S. civilian court.
1997: Typhoon Oliwa hit southwestern Japan, killing 6 people and forcing 80,000 from their homes.