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Thursday, October 18 2012
The Prophet Daniel: The Hiddekel Vision
"I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel"
"Hiddekel" is the transliterated Hebrew name of a river in Mesopotamia that was a form of the name, given to it by the ancient people of Accad, which meant the rapid Tigris. The name "Tigris" itself is a derivation of the Old Persian language word tigr which means arrow i.e. "Hiddekel" means the rapid arrow. Bible translations variously render the name of the river both ways, as illustrated by these examples of Genesis 2:14 from the King James and Revised Standard Versions of the Holy Bible.
"And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria" (KJV)
The Tigris River flows for about 1,850 kilometers. Beginning from the Taurus Mountains in eastern Turkey, it flows southeastward, where it then became the border between Syria and Turkey, then into Iraq where it flows parallel to the Euphrates River (the dark green area on the map below) before uniting with the Euphrates to flow into the Persian Gulf. Baghdad, the capital of Iraq, is located on the Tigris River (see the photograph below).
The prophet Daniel (see The Prophet Daniel: A Child Of The Exile) was well-familiar with the Tigris River, first as an exile of Judah held by the Babylonians, then by the Persians (Persia is known today as Iran) after they conquered the empire and the territory of Babylon (see The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall). It was the Persians / Iranians, in the time of their King Cyrus, who permitted and assisted the people of Judah to return to Jerusalem (see Iran's Greatest Leader Was Pro-Zionist).
"10:1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia] a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision." (Daniel 10:1 KJV)
Daniel was a humble servant of the LORD (see Who Is The LORD?). He often found himself overwhelmed by what he saw in the prophetic visions, or by the appearance of powerful angels, such as Gabriel.
"10:2 In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks. 10:3 I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.
Others sensed that something supernatural had happened, but "Daniel alone saw the vision."
"10:7 And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves. 10:8 Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength. 10:9 Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground." (Daniel 10:7-9 KJV)
"I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days"
As recorded in the Scriptures, there were very few people that the LORD declared as highly-regarded in His Sight; Daniel was one of them, "a man greatly beloved." Notice as well that Daniel's prayers were heard by the LORD because "from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words" (see How To Pray).
"10:10 And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands. 10:11 And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling.
Gabriel then prepared Daniel for the spectacular prophecy that he was about to receive: "O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong."
"10:15 And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb. 10:16 And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength. 10:17 For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
The beginning of the prophecy was in Daniel's own time:
"10:20 Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come. 10:21 But I will show thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince." (Daniel 10:20-21 KJV)
The end-time prophecy of the "king of the north" and "the king of the south" then followed. It is the subject of the next study in this series.
Fact Finder: Abraham was born in Babylon (see A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan), where Daniel was exiled and received the prophecies from the LORD that are recorded in the book of Daniel. Who were Abraham's "seed"?
This Day In History, October 18
33: Agrippina died at age 47. She was the granddaughter of Caesar Augustus (the emperor who declared the census that caused the Messiah to be born in Bethlehem, as prophesied - see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate? and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?), widow of Germanicus Caesar, the mother of emperor Gaius Caligula, and the grandmother of Nero through her daughter Agrippina (see also Did Nero Really Fiddle While Rome Burned? and Nero's Torches).
320: The Greek philosopher Pappus of Alexandria (i.e. the Greeks were then ruling Egypt - see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids and The Cleopatra Connection) recorded an eclipse of the sun and wrote a commentary on The Great Astronomer.
1009: The Church of Rome's "Church of the Holy Sepulchre" in Jerusalem was completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah; the foundations were cut away right down to bedrock (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).
1016: The Danes defeated the Saxons at the Battle of Ashingdon.
1356: The Basel earthquake, the greatest recorded earthquake north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland.
1469: Isabella of Castile married Ferdinand II of Aragon, thereby uniting all of the dominions of Spain under one monarchy. They would later support the discovery voyages of Christopher Columbus (see Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy for a map of where Columbus actually went).
1685: King Louis XIV of France revoked the Edict of Nantes, thereby depriving the Protestant Huguenots of all religious and civil liberties that had been granted to them by Henry IV in 1598.
1748: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, negotiated largely by Britain and France, with the other powers following their lead, ended the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748; also known as King George's War). The right of the Habsburg heiress, Maria Theresa, to the Austrian lands was guaranteed, but the Habsburgs were seriously weakened by the guarantee to Prussia, not a party to the treaty, of its conquest of Silesia.
1767: The Mason-Dixon Line, the boundary between Maryland and Pennsylvania was established. It had been surveyed 1763-1767, prior to the rebellion of the New England colonies, by English surveyors Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon to settle a boundary dispute.
1860: British troops burned the Yuanmingyuan, the imperial summer palace in Beijing, China, to the ground.
1867: The U.S. took possession of Alaska after the purchase of the territory from Russia for just over $7 million.
1871: Charles Babbage died at age 79. The British mathematician and inventor originated the principle of the modern computer; published papers on mathematics, statistics, physics and geology; assisted in the establishment of a modern postal system in England; compiled the first reliable actuarial tables; invented the speedometer and the locomotive cowcatcher; he was instrumental in the founding of the Royal Astronomical Society.
1922: The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was established.
1936: To rebuild the bankrupt German economy, Germany's new leader, Adolf Hitler, announced his "Four Year Economic Plan" that would restore prosperity through the aggressive rebuilding of the German military. Under that scheme, millions of civilian and military jobs would be produced by the created "need" for weapons and supplies for the endless wars that the corporate-sponsored politicians would then get the country into as a matter of "national defense." It was a national policy later known in the U.S. as the "military-industrial complex" - a term used by President, and former Army General, Dwight Eisenhower when he warned that "freedom" must not become merely a mind-control marketing-slogan for perpetual (and very profitable for weapons manufacturers) contrived wars against invented enemies (see also What Happens After The Messiah Returns?).
1967: The Soviet Genera-4 spacecraft entered the atmosphere of Venus and transmitted data back to earth before losing contact 27 km. above the surface.
1975: Statements made by Pope Paul VI in Rome to a large gathering of cardinals, bishops and plates: "the Catholic faith made Europe," "No other human force in Europe can render the service that is confided to us, promoters of the faith, to reawaken Europe's Christian soul, where its unity is rooted", "the Catholic faith is the secret of Europe's identity, and in discovering that secret, Europe will go on to perform the providential service to which God is still calling it." (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1991: Azerbaijan declared independence from the USSR.
1997: Severe storms accompanied by high winds, heavy rain, thunder, hail and flash floods swept through Israel during Sukkot when many Israelites were camping. More than 12 people were killed, and millions of dollars of damage was done.