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Sunday, October 21 2012

Dinah Of Israel

Dinah is the only recorded daughter of Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel." Dinah's mother was Leah (pronounced in Hebrew as lay-ah), the surprise wife of Jacob. He thought that he had married Leah's sister Rachel (see also The Rachel Prophecies), but in the morning discovered that it was Leah.

Rachel and Leah

"29:22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place [see The House Of Laban The Syrian], and made a feast. 29:23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter, and brought her to him; and he went in unto her. 29:24 And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpah his maid for an handmaid.

29:25 And it came to pass, that in the morning, behold, it was Leah: and he said to Laban, What is this thou hast done unto me? did not I serve with thee for Rachel? wherefore then hast thou beguiled me?

29:26 And Laban said, It must not be so done in our country, to give the younger before the firstborn. 29:27 Fulfil her week, and we will give thee this also for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.

29:28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled her week: and he gave him Rachel his daughter to wife also. 29:29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his handmaid to be her maid. 29:30 And he went in also unto Rachel, and he loved also Rachel more than Leah, and served with him yet seven other years." (Genesis 29:22-30 KJV)

Jacob had no love for Leah, at least at first, so "when the LORD saw that Leah was hated" He enabled her to have four sons - Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah.

"29:31 And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren. 29:32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me.

29:33 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Because the LORD hath heard that I was hated, he hath therefore given me this son also: and she called his name Simeon.

29:34 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and said, Now this time will my husband be joined unto me, because I have born him three sons: therefore was his name called Levi [see also The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood].

29:35 And she conceived again, and bare a son: and she said, Now will I praise the LORD: therefore she called his name Judah [see Who Were The First Jews?]; and left bearing." (Genesis 29:31-35 KJV)

Leah's controversial "hiring" of Jacob with mandrakes has been debated for centuries. Many theories have been presented, as noted in this excerpt from the "Mandrake" article in Wikipedia on October 20 2012:

Mandrake Roots "Mandrake is the common name for members of the plant genus Mandragora, particularly the species Mandragora officinarum, belonging to the nightshades family (Solanaceae). Because mandrake contains deliriant hallucinogenic tropane alkaloids such as atropine, scopolamine, apoatropine, hyoscyamine and the roots sometimes contain bifurcations causing them to resemble human figures, their roots have long been used in magic rituals, today also in neopagan religions such as Wicca and Germanic revivalism religions such as Odinism ... There are two references to mandrakes - literally meaning “love plant” - in the Jewish scriptures. A number of translations into different languages follow the example of the Latin Vulgate and use mandrake as the plant as the proper meaning in both Genesis 30:14-16 and Song of Solomon 7:13."

However it worked, Jacob was "hired" by Leah's mandrakes. Leah thereafter had more children - Issachar, Zebulun, "and afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah."

"30:9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. 30:10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son. 30:11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.

30:12 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a second son. 30:13 And Leah said, Happy am I, for the daughters will call me blessed: and she called his name Asher.

30:14 And Reuben went in the days of wheat harvest, and found mandrakes in the field, and brought them unto his mother Leah. Then Rachel said to Leah, Give me, I pray thee, of thy son's mandrakes.

30:15 And she said unto her, Is it a small matter that thou hast taken my husband? and wouldest thou take away my son's mandrakes also?

And Rachel said, Therefore he shall lie with thee to night for thy son's mandrakes.

30:16 And Jacob came out of the field in the evening, and Leah went out to meet him, and said, Thou must come in unto me; for surely I have hired thee with my son's mandrakes. And he lay with her that night.

30:17 And God hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare Jacob the fifth son. 30:18 And Leah said, God hath given me my hire, because I have given my maiden to my husband: and she called his name Issachar.

30:19 And Leah conceived again, and bare Jacob the sixth son. 30:20 And Leah said, God hath endued me with a good dowry; now will my husband dwell with me, because I have born him six sons: and she called his name Zebulun.

30:21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah." (Genesis 30:14-21 KJV)

Jacob remained with Laban for twenty years, before leaving to return to the land of Canaan. It was a very eventful journey, beginning with the showdown that Jacob had with Laban.

The Reconciliation Of Jacob and Esau

"31:43 And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? 31:44 Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.

31:45 And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a pillar. 31:46 And Jacob said unto his brethren, Gather stones; and they took stones, and made an heap: and they did eat there upon the heap. 31:47 And Laban called it Jegarsahadutha: but Jacob called it Galeed." (Genesis 31:43-47 KJV)

Between his confrontations with his uncle Laban and his brother Esau, Jacob was renamed as "Israel" at that time. Dinah and her brothers would thereafter be "Israelites."

"32:22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok [see Where Jacob Became Israel]. 32:23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had. 32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. 32:25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. 32:26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh.

And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.

32:27 And he said unto him, What is thy name?

And he said, Jacob.

32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.

32:29 And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name.

And he said, Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there.

32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved." (Genesis 32:22-30 KJV)

The meeting with Esau turned out to be peaceful. Esau was also impressed by Jacob's many children.

"33:1 And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came [see The First Meeting Of Israel And Esau], and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. 33:2 And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost. 33:3 And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.

33:4 And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept. 33:5 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who are those with thee?

And he said, The children which God hath graciously given thy servant.

33:6 Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.

33:7 And Leah also with her children came near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves." (Genesis 33:1-7 KJV)

The only detailed event recorded in the Scriptures of Dinah herself was when she was assaulted by Hamor the Hivite while out visiting "the daughters of the land" - Dinah had no Israelites of her own age to visit (none existed yet), so she had made friends with local Canaanite girls.

Dinah

"34:1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. 34:3 And his soul [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel. 34:4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, Get me this damsel to wife.

34:5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the field: and Jacob held his peace until they were come.

34:6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went out unto Jacob to commune with him. 34:7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.

34:8 And Hamor communed with them, saying, The soul of my son Shechem longeth for your daughter: I pray you give her him to wife. 34:9 And make ye marriages with us, and give your daughters unto us, and take our daughters unto you. 34:10 And ye shall dwell with us: and the land shall be before you; dwell and trade ye therein, and get you possessions therein.

34:11 And Shechem said unto her father and unto her brethren, Let me find grace in your eyes, and what ye shall say unto me I will give. 34:12 Ask me never so much dowry and gift, and I will give according as ye shall say unto me: but give me the damsel to wife." (Genesis 34:1-12 KJV)

After a painful ruse, Dinah's full-brothers Simeon and Levi (they were born of the first set of children that Leah had - Dinah was their "little sister") avenged Dinah.

"34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister: 34:14 And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us: 34:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised; 34:16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. 34:17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone.

34:18 And their words pleased Hamor, and Shechem Hamor's son. 34:19 And the young man deferred not to do the thing, because he had delight in Jacob's daughter: and he was more honourable than all the house of his father. 34:20 And Hamor and Shechem his son came unto the gate of their city, and communed with the men of their city, saying, 34:21 These men are peaceable with us; therefore let them dwell in the land, and trade therein; for the land, behold, it is large enough for them; let us take their daughters to us for wives, and let us give them our daughters. 34:22 Only herein will the men consent unto us for to dwell with us, to be one people, if every male among us be circumcised, as they are circumcised. 34:23 Shall not their cattle and their substance and every beast of theirs be ours? only let us consent unto them, and they will dwell with us.

34:24 And unto Hamor and unto Shechem his son hearkened all that went out of the gate of his city; and every male was circumcised, all that went out of the gate of his city.

34:25 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males. 34:26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went out. 34:27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister. 34:28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field, 34:29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the house." (Genesis 34:13-29 KJV)

Nothing more is recorded about Dinah, other than her entry into Egypt with the family of Jacob (see Why Did They Go To Goshen?). There is no record of Dinah being married at that time, or later. Some debate that Dinah never married (hence no "tribe of Dinah") because she had been "defiled" by Hamor - who was killed before Dinah could become his wife, and therefore his widow.

Egypt

"46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him [see also Covered Wagons Of The Exodus]. 46:6 And they took their cattle [see The Herds Of Abraham, Isaac And Jacob], and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.

46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, Jacob's firstborn. 46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.

46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.

46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.

46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls.

46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife; Joseph, and Benjamin. 46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.

46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.

46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim.

46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven.

46:26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were threescore and six; 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten." (Genesis 46:1-27 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did "Israel" grow from a man, to a family, to a country, to a prophecy of the Kingdom of God?
See the complete series of studies of "Israel In History and Prophecy" beginning with Israel In History and Prophecy: Roots and Branches (links to all studies are listed at the beginning of each study).


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This Day In History, October 21

1097: During the First Crusade, Church of Rome "Crusaders" led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV of Toulouse, began the Siege of Antioch. The "Crusades" were a series of wars fought between the great false "church" of Christianity and the Muslims over which of them would control Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad)

1209: The German King Otto IV was crowned emperor of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Innocent III (see The Holy Roman Empire and Emperors and Popes).

1520: On the first-ever voyage around the world, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered a passage off the southern tip of South America. Today it is known as the Strait of Magellan.

1520: The coronation of Charles V (Hapsburg) at Aachen.

1529: King Henry VIII of England was named "Defender of the Faith" by the Pope after defending "the seven sacraments" against the teachings of "protestant" reformer Luther. Henry later rebelled against the papacy (when the pope refused to grant Henry's repeated divorces) and created the Church of England with adulterous Henry (who thereafter declared himself not to be an adulterer) as the head of his church.

1790: The French Tricolor was chosen as the flag of France.

1805: The Battle of Trafalgar during the Napoleonic Wars. A British fleet under the command of Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain, thereby leaving Britain the greatest naval force in the world for the next 200 years (until the Second World War when the U.S. Navy was expanded and replaced Britain as the world's Imperial power - ironic, in that the U.S. became what it was founded against). Admiral Nelson, age 47, was killed in the battle.

1824: Portland cement was first patented, by Joseph Aspdin of Wakefield in Yorkshire, England.

1880: John A. Macdonald (Canada's first Prime Minister) and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company signed a contract for the construction of a cross-Canada railway. "The Last Spike" was put in 5 years later, on November 5 1885.

1923: The first planetarium was opened, at the Deutsche Museum in Munich, Germany.

1940: At the start of the Second World War, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in referring to a German invasion of Britain across the English Channel, challenged Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) in a radio speech, "We are awaiting the long-promised German invasion - and so are the fishes" (listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).

1944: During the Second World War, the first documented "kamikaze" attack occurred when a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kilograms / 440 pounds bomb attacks the HMAS Australia off Leyte Island.

1950: The Battle of Yongju during the Korean War. British and Australians of the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade fought the North Korean 239th Regiment.

1959: U.S. President Eisenhower signed an executive order to enable the captured Nazi scientist Wernher von Braun (the developer of the rockets that Hitler used to bomb Britain) and other "rehabilitated" Nazi scientists to work at NASA.

1960: HMS Dreadnought, Britain first nuclear submarine, was launched.

1966: A coal mine slag heap slid and buried a school in the Welsh village of Aberfan. 116 children and 28 adults were killed.

1967: During the Vietnam War, over 100,000 war protesters gathered in Washington, D.C.

1967: A few months after the end of the Six Day War, Egyptian missiles sank the Israeli destroyer Eilat off Sinai. Israel responded by shelling the major oil installations in the Egyptian port town of Suez.

1983: The seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures defined the metre as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.

1988: In New York, a U.S. Court indicted former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife, Imelda, on charges of fraud and racketeering that they committed in the Philippines.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank