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Sunday, October 21 2012
Dinah Of Israel
Dinah is the only recorded daughter of Jacob, who the LORD renamed as "Israel." Dinah's mother was Leah (pronounced in Hebrew as lay-ah), the surprise wife of Jacob. He thought that he had married Leah's sister Rachel (see also The Rachel Prophecies), but in the morning discovered that it was Leah.
"29:22 And Laban gathered together all the men of the place [see The House Of Laban The Syrian], and made a feast. 29:23 And it came to pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter, and brought her to him; and he went in unto her. 29:24 And Laban gave unto his daughter Leah Zilpah his maid for an handmaid.
Jacob had no love for Leah, at least at first, so "when the LORD saw that Leah was hated" He enabled her to have four sons - Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah.
"29:31 And when the LORD saw that Leah was hated, he opened her womb: but Rachel was barren. 29:32 And Leah conceived, and bare a son, and she called his name Reuben: for she said, Surely the LORD [see Who Is The LORD?] hath looked upon my affliction; now therefore my husband will love me.
Leah's controversial "hiring" of Jacob with mandrakes has been debated for centuries. Many theories have been presented, as noted in this excerpt from the "Mandrake" article in Wikipedia on October 20 2012:
"Mandrake is the common name for members of the plant genus Mandragora, particularly the species Mandragora officinarum, belonging to the nightshades family (Solanaceae). Because mandrake contains deliriant hallucinogenic tropane alkaloids such as atropine, scopolamine, apoatropine, hyoscyamine and the roots sometimes contain bifurcations causing them to resemble human figures, their roots have long been used in magic rituals, today also in neopagan religions such as Wicca and Germanic revivalism religions such as Odinism ... There are two references to mandrakes - literally meaning “love plant” - in the Jewish scriptures. A number of translations into different languages follow the example of the Latin Vulgate and use mandrake as the plant as the proper meaning in both Genesis 30:14-16 and Song of Solomon 7:13."
However it worked, Jacob was "hired" by Leah's mandrakes. Leah thereafter had more children - Issachar, Zebulun, "and afterwards she bare a daughter, and called her name Dinah."
"30:9 When Leah saw that she had left bearing, she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her Jacob to wife. 30:10 And Zilpah Leah's maid bare Jacob a son. 30:11 And Leah said, A troop cometh: and she called his name Gad.
Jacob remained with Laban for twenty years, before leaving to return to the land of Canaan. It was a very eventful journey, beginning with the showdown that Jacob had with Laban.
"31:43 And Laban answered and said unto Jacob, These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and these cattle are my cattle, and all that thou seest is mine: and what can I do this day unto these my daughters, or unto their children which they have born? 31:44 Now therefore come thou, let us make a covenant, I and thou; and let it be for a witness between me and thee.
Between his confrontations with his uncle Laban and his brother Esau, Jacob was renamed as "Israel" at that time. Dinah and her brothers would thereafter be "Israelites."
"32:22 And he rose up that night, and took his two wives, and his two womenservants, and his eleven sons, and passed over the ford Jabbok [see Where Jacob Became Israel]. 32:23 And he took them, and sent them over the brook, and sent over that he had. 32:24 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. 32:25 And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled with him. 32:26 And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh.
The meeting with Esau turned out to be peaceful. Esau was also impressed by Jacob's many children.
"33:1 And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came [see The First Meeting Of Israel And Esau], and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids. 33:2 And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost. 33:3 And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.
The only detailed event recorded in the Scriptures of Dinah herself was when she was assaulted by Hamor the Hivite while out visiting "the daughters of the land" - Dinah had no Israelites of her own age to visit (none existed yet), so she had made friends with local Canaanite girls.
"34:1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. 34:3 And his soul [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel. 34:4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, Get me this damsel to wife.
After a painful ruse, Dinah's full-brothers Simeon and Levi (they were born of the first set of children that Leah had - Dinah was their "little sister") avenged Dinah.
"34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister: 34:14 And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us: 34:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised; 34:16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. 34:17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone.
Nothing more is recorded about Dinah, other than her entry into Egypt with the family of Jacob (see Why Did They Go To Goshen?). There is no record of Dinah being married at that time, or later. Some debate that Dinah never married (hence no "tribe of Dinah") because she had been "defiled" by Hamor - who was killed before Dinah could become his wife, and therefore his widow.
"46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him [see also Covered Wagons Of The Exodus]. 46:6 And they took their cattle [see The Herds Of Abraham, Isaac And Jacob], and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.
Fact Finder: How did "Israel" grow from a man, to a family, to a country, to a prophecy of the Kingdom of God?
This Day In History, October 21
1097: During the First Crusade, Church of Rome "Crusaders" led by Godfrey of Bouillon, Bohemund of Taranto, and Raymond IV of Toulouse, began the Siege of Antioch. The "Crusades" were a series of wars fought between the great false "church" of Christianity and the Muslims over which of them would control Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad)
1520: On the first-ever voyage around the world, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan entered a passage off the southern tip of South America. Today it is known as the Strait of Magellan.
1520: The coronation of Charles V (Hapsburg) at Aachen.
1529: King Henry VIII of England was named "Defender of the Faith" by the Pope after defending "the seven sacraments" against the teachings of "protestant" reformer Luther. Henry later rebelled against the papacy (when the pope refused to grant Henry's repeated divorces) and created the Church of England with adulterous Henry (who thereafter declared himself not to be an adulterer) as the head of his church.
1790: The French Tricolor was chosen as the flag of France.
1805: The Battle of Trafalgar during the Napoleonic Wars. A British fleet under the command of Admiral Horatio Nelson defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet off the coast of Spain, thereby leaving Britain the greatest naval force in the world for the next 200 years (until the Second World War when the U.S. Navy was expanded and replaced Britain as the world's Imperial power - ironic, in that the U.S. became what it was founded against). Admiral Nelson, age 47, was killed in the battle.
1824: Portland cement was first patented, by Joseph Aspdin of Wakefield in Yorkshire, England.
1880: John A. Macdonald (Canada's first Prime Minister) and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company signed a contract for the construction of a cross-Canada railway. "The Last Spike" was put in 5 years later, on November 5 1885.
1923: The first planetarium was opened, at the Deutsche Museum in Munich, Germany.
1940: At the start of the Second World War, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, in referring to a German invasion of Britain across the English Channel, challenged Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) in a radio speech, "We are awaiting the long-promised German invasion - and so are the fishes" (listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1944: During the Second World War, the first documented "kamikaze" attack occurred when a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kilograms / 440 pounds bomb attacks the HMAS Australia off Leyte Island.
1950: The Battle of Yongju during the Korean War. British and Australians of the 27th British Commonwealth Brigade fought the North Korean 239th Regiment.
1959: U.S. President Eisenhower signed an executive order to enable the captured Nazi scientist Wernher von Braun (the developer of the rockets that Hitler used to bomb Britain) and other "rehabilitated" Nazi scientists to work at NASA.
1960: HMS Dreadnought, Britain first nuclear submarine, was launched.
1966: A coal mine slag heap slid and buried a school in the Welsh village of Aberfan. 116 children and 28 adults were killed.
1967: During the Vietnam War, over 100,000 war protesters gathered in Washington, D.C.
1967: A few months after the end of the Six Day War, Egyptian missiles sank the Israeli destroyer Eilat off Sinai. Israel responded by shelling the major oil installations in the Egyptian port town of Suez.
1983: The seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures defined the metre as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
1988: In New York, a U.S. Court indicted former Philippine President Ferdinand Marcos and his wife, Imelda, on charges of fraud and racketeering that they committed in the Philippines.