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Thursday, November 15 2012

A Biography Of Jacob: Israel In Egypt

Studies in this complete series of A Biography Of Jacob:
1. The Second Twin 2. The Birthright 3. The Blessing 4. Stairway To Heaven
5. The Jacobites Of Syria 6. Speckled And Spotted 7. The Flight To Canaan 8. When Jacob Became Israel
9. Peace With Esau 10. The Return To Canaan 11. A Coat Of Many Colors 12. Israel In Egypt
13. Blessings And Prophecies 14. Homeward Bound


Jacob was born in the "land of Canaan" (see The Second Twin). As a young man, Jacob fled from his brother Esau (see The Birthright, The Blessing and Stairway To Heaven) and lived for twenty years with his uncle Laban in Syria (see The Jacobites Of Syria and Speckled And Spotted). Jacob then returned to the land of Canaan (see The Flight To Canaan, When Jacob Became Israel, Peace With Esau and The Return To Canaan) where he remained until a great famine forced him to move his family to the fertile Nile Delta region of northern Egypt. The LORD (see Who Is The LORD?) had prepared the way for Jacob in Egypt by his son Joseph who had risen to become the Prime Minister, second only the the Pharaoh (see A Coat Of Many Colors). The LORD declared to Jacob, regarding spending the rest of his life in Egypt, "I will there make of thee a great nation."

"46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba [see also The Wells Of Beersheba], and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac.

46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob.

And he said, Here am I.

46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father [see Who Is The LORD?]: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes." (Genesis 46:1-4 KJV)

So it was that Israel, which at that time just meant Jacob, went, as a family, to the nation of Egypt. "His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt."

Israelite Wagons

"46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria] carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Return To Canaan], and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons' sons with him, his daughters, and his sons' daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt." (Genesis 46:5-7 KJV)

The Exodus ("a journey by a large group to escape from a hostile environment") into Egypt provides us with a census of all Israelites in existence at that time of their beginning - Jacob, his children, and their children, for a total of seventy Israelites.

"46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:

Reuben, Jacob's firstborn. 46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.

46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.

46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari [see also The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood].

46:12 And the sons of Judah [see Who Were The First Jews?]; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.

46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.

46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.

46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah [see Dinah Of Israel]: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.

46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.

46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.

46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls.

46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife; Joseph, and Benjamin.

46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.

46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.

46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.

46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim.

46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.

46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven.

46:26 All the souls [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?] that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob's sons' wives, all the souls were threescore and six; 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten." (Genesis 46:8-27 KJV)

Israel's entry into Egypt was not only a relief from a famine, but a joyous reunion with a son that he thought was long dead.

The Nile River

"46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph [see A Biography Of Jacob: A Coat Of Many Colors], to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.

46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.

46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.

46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and show Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. 46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians." (Genesis 46:28-34 KJV)

Joseph then presented Israel before the Pharaoh.

"47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds [see also The Herds Of Abraham, Isaac And Jacob], and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen. 47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh.

47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation?

And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. 47:4 They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks [see also A Biography Of Jacob: Speckled And Spotted]; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen." (Genesis 47:1-4 KJV)

With the immigration formalities completed, "Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded."

Egypt

"47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.

47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?

47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.

47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families." (Genesis 47:5-12 KJV)

Jacob never saw the land of Canaan again. He remained in Egypt for the next seventeen years, until the end of his life. His children would remain in Egypt for four hundred years.

"47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly.

47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. 47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace.

And he said, I will do as thou hast said.

47:31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed's head." (Genesis 47:27-31 KJV)

Fact Finder: Why did the LORD say that Egypt was not the property of Abraham's Israelite descendants ("15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years" Genesis 15:13 KJV), while the LORD also said that Abraham's descendants would own the land of the Nile (15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates." Genesis 15:18 KJV)?
See Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates


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This Day In History, November 15

655: The Battle of Winwaed; Oswiu of Northumbria defeated Penda of Mercia.

1315: Swiss forces defeated invading Austrians at the Battle of Morgarten.

1532: Following the Caribbean-area voyages of Christopher Columbus (see the map of the Spain-sponsored voyages of Columbus at Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy), Spanish conquistadors (conquerors) under Hernando de Soto encountered Inca leader Atahualpa for the first time outside Cajamarca.

1533: Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro arrived in Cuzco, the capital of the Inca Empire that Pizarro later conquered.

1630: German astronomer Johannes Kepler died. He established what are now known as Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion (see also No 'Flat Earth' In The Bible).

1660: The first kosher butcher, Asser Levy, was licensed in New Amsterdam (later renamed New York City after the British captured it from the Dutch). New York is today the largest Jewish-population city in the world.

1864: During the U.S. Civil War, Union general William Sherman departed on his "march to the sea," leaving much of the city of Atlanta burning into ashes.

1920: The first League of Nations session opened, in Geneva, Switzerland. After the League of Nations failed to stop the Second World War from happening (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), it was reborn as the United Nations in 1945.

1939: Adolf Hitler's Nazis began the mass murder of Warsaw Jews (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1943: Nazi official Heinrich Himmler ordered that Gypsies in Nazi Germany were to be put "on the same level as Jews and placed in concentration camps."

1948: MacKenzie King retired as Canada's 10th Prime Minister; he was succeeded by Louis St. Laurent.

1957: Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev bragged that Russian missiles were more accurate, and challenged U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower to a rocket-range shooting match.

1969: During the Vietnam War, 500,000 protestors in Washington staged a peaceful "March Against Death."

1984: A human infant, "Baby Fae," died 20 days after receiving a baboon heart transplant in Loma Linda, California.

2007: Cyclone Sidr struck Bangladesh; it killed 5,000 people and destroyed the world's largest mangrove forest.





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