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Sunday, December 2 2012

The Daughter Of Shuah

By the time that Jacob returned to the land of Canaan, after twenty years with his uncle Laban in Syria, a number of major changes had happened in his life. Jacob left as a young single man (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Blessing); he returned with two wives, two concubines, eleven sons, and a daughter (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria). Jacob left as "Jacob": on his return journey, the LORD gave him a new name - "Israel" (see A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel). Throughout the remainder of Jacob / Israel's lifetime, the only Israelites that existed were his children, and their children.

The Reconciliation Of Jacob and Esau Judah was one of the sons of Jacob / Israel ("2:1 These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun, 2:2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher." 1 Chronicles 2:1-2 KJV). When Judah chose to marry, he could not have married an Israelite because at that time the only Israelite female that existed was his sister Dinah (see also Dinah Of Israel). Nor could Judah ("Jew" is an abbreviation of Judah's name) have married a Jew because none existed. Jews are the descendants of Judah - for the first Jews to be born, Judah needed a wife.

So it was then that Judah married a Canaanite woman. Curiously, since she is as much the first parent of a line of Jews as Judah is (assuming that Shelah, as we will read, eventually had children), her name was not recorded. She was documented only as "a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah" and "the daughter of Shuah, Judah's wife."

"38:1 And it came to pass at that time, that Judah went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Adullamite, whose name was Hirah.

38:2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite [see What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?], whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her." (Genesis 38:1-2 KJV)

The first three "Jews" (i.e. Judah's children) that ever existed were the three sons of Judah and the Canaanite woman: Er, Onan and Shelah.

"38:3 And she conceived, and bare a son; and he called his name Er.

38:4 And she conceived again, and bare a son; and she called his name Onan.

38:5 And she yet again conceived, and bare a son; and called his name Shelah: and he was at Chezib, when she bare him." (Genesis 38:3-5 KJV)

As we will read, the Messiah was a descendant of Judah. Many assume therefore that the Messiah's line went through the first three children born to Judah, but they didn't. The first three sons of Judah were not reproductive to the Messianic line.

A Bedouin Woman When his sons had grown, Judah found a wife for his firstborn son Er. Her name was Tamar - who, like Judah's wife, was not a Jew. The only Jews in existence at that point were the three sons of Judah. Tamar was most-likely Canaanite (the Scriptures say nothing about Judah leaving the land of Canaan to find Tamar). Her marriage to Er ended when the LORD put him to death i.e. "Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD; and the LORD slew him." The LORD, Who would later be born as Jesus Christ (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God and What Does Word of God Mean To You?), from the line of Judah, put the first Jew that existed to death.

"38:6 And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, whose name was Tamar.

38:7 And Er, Judah's firstborn, was wicked in the sight of the LORD [see What Does Wicked Mean?]; and the LORD slew him." (Genesis 38:6-7 KJV)

So too, the LORD put the second-born son of Judah to death, because he refused to consummate the marriage to his brother's widow.

"38:8 And Judah said unto Onan, Go in unto thy brother's wife, and marry her, and raise up seed to thy brother [see also Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates].

38:9 And Onan knew that the seed should not be his; and it came to pass, when he went in unto his brother's wife, that he spilled it on the ground, lest that he should give seed to his brother.

38:10 And the thing which he did displeased the LORD: wherefore he slew him also." (Genesis 38:8-10 KJV)

With only his youngest son remaining, Judah said "to Tamar his daughter in law, remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did."

"38:11 Then said Judah to Tamar his daughter in law, Remain a widow at thy father's house, till Shelah my son be grown: for he said, Lest peradventure he die also, as his brethren did.

And Tamar went and dwelt in her father's house." (Genesis 38:11 KJV)

Some time later, Judah's wife died.

"38:12 And in process of time the daughter of Shuah Judah's wife died; and Judah was comforted, and went up unto his sheepshearers to Timnath, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite." (Genesis 38:12 KJV)

The death of Judah's wife left Tamar as a childless widow, and Judah as a widower with a one remaining son - who Judah didn't intend to have marry Tamar i.e. Tamar "saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife." Tamar then resorted to a ruse to have a child for her deceased husband - not through her brother-in-law, but through her father-in-law.

Judah and Tamar

"38:13 And it was told Tamar, saying, Behold thy father in law goeth up to Timnath to shear his sheep. 38:14 And she put her widow's garments off from her, and covered her with a veil, and wrapped herself, and sat in an open place, which is by the way to Timnath; for she saw that Shelah was grown, and she was not given unto him to wife.

38:15 When Judah saw her, he thought her to be an harlot; because she had covered her face. 38:16 And he turned unto her by the way, and said, Go to, I pray thee, let me come in unto thee; (for he knew not that she was his daughter in law.)

And she said, What wilt thou give me, that thou mayest come in unto me?

38:17 And he said, I will send thee a kid from the flock.

And she said, Wilt thou give me a pledge, till thou send it?

38:18 And he said, What pledge shall I give thee?

And she said, Thy signet, and thy bracelets, and thy staff that is in thine hand. And he gave it her, and came in unto her, and she conceived by him. 38:19 And she arose, and went away, and laid by her veil from her, and put on the garments of her widowhood." (Genesis 38:13-19 KJV)

Tamar then returned home.

"38:20 And Judah sent the kid by the hand of his friend the Adullamite, to receive his pledge from the woman's hand: but he found her not.

38:21 Then he asked the men of that place, saying, Where is the harlot, that was openly by the way side?

And they said, There was no harlot in this place.

38:22 And he returned to Judah, and said, I cannot find her; and also the men of the place said, that there was no harlot in this place.

38:23 And Judah said, Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed: behold, I sent this kid, and thou hast not found her." (Genesis 38:20-23 KJV)

Months later, Judah was made aware of what had happened. He accepted the situation, legally regarding the pregnancy and the marriage to be legitimate, although thereafter "he knew her again no more."

The Hills of Judea

"38:24 And it came to pass about three months after, that it was told Judah, saying, Tamar thy daughter in law hath played the harlot; and also, behold, she is with child by whoredom.

And Judah said, Bring her forth, and let her be burnt.

38:25 When she was brought forth, she sent to her father in law, saying, By the man, whose these are, am I with child: and she said, Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.

38:26 And Judah acknowledged them, and said, She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son.

And he knew her again no more." (Genesis 38:24-26 KJV)

In a situation reminiscent to Judah's father Jacob and uncle Esau, who were fraternal twins (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Second Twin), Tamar's twins were born with a struggle for supremacy. Pharez, although it had appeared that he would be the second-born, was the firstborn. As such, the Messianic line from Judah went through Pharez.

"38:27 And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold, twins were in her womb.

38:28 And it came to pass, when she travailed, that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first.

38:29 And it came to pass, as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his brother came out: and she said, How hast thou broken forth? this breach be upon thee: therefore his name was called Pharez.

38:30 And afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon his hand: and his name was called Zarah." (Genesis 38:27-30 KJV)

Pharez and Tamar are ancestors of Jesus Christ: "Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar."

The Holy Scriptures

"1:1 The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David [see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David], the son of Abraham [see A Biography Of Abraham: The Genealogy Of Abram].

1:2 Abraham begat Isaac [see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac]; and Isaac begat Jacob [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Birthright
]; and Jacob begat Judas and his brethren;

1:3 And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; and Esrom begat Aram; 1:4 And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson begat Salmon; 1:5 And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth [see The Messianic Role Of Naomi, Ruth And Boaz]; and Obed begat Jesse [see Jesse The Bethlehemite];

1:6 And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon] of her that had been the wife of Urias [see David And Bathsheba]; 1:7 And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; and Abia begat Asa;

1:8 And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat Ozias; 1:9 And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat Ezekias; 1:10 And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Amon begat Josias; 1:11 And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were carried away to Babylon [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Back To Babylon]:

1:12 And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and Salathiel begat Zorobabel; 1:13 And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat Azor; 1:14 And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; 1:15 And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat Jacob; 1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary [see Joseph Of Nazareth], of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.

1:17 So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are fourteen generations." (Matthew 1:1-17 KJV)

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This Day In History, December 2

1254: Manfred, king of Sicily, defeated the Papal armies at the Battle of Foggia.

1547: Hernando Cortes, Spanish explorer, died at age 62.

1804: In the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Napoleon seized the crown from the hands of Pope Pius VII and crowned himself emperor. Napoleon then crowned Josephine as empress (see Emperors and Popes).

1805: The Battle of Austerlitz, also called the Battle of The Three Emperors, the first engagement of The War of The Third Coalition and one of Napoleon's most perfect victories. His 68,000 troops defeated almost 90,000 Russians and Austrians, forcing Austria to make peace with France (Treaty of Pressburg) and keeping Prussia temporarily out of the anti-France alliance. Napoleon lost 9,000 men, while Russia and Austria lost 15,000 killed and 11,000 captured.

1814: The Comte de Sade, also known as the Marquis de Sade, died. His sexual fetishes and writings about them led to his name becoming the origin of the term "sadism."

1823: U.S. President James Monroe declared his "Monroe Doctrine." It stated that the entire continents of North and South America were no longer open to colonization by any European (referring primarily to Britain, France or Spain) power. Ironically, while it was intended to prevent further imperialism by European nations, it marked the birth of "Imperial America" toward the rest of the world.

1848: Franz Josef became the emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.

1859: Abolitionist John Brown was hanged after a famous raid on a federal arsenal in Virginia.

1918: Armenia proclaimed independence from Turkey.

1942: In Chicago, scientists developed nuclear fission, the basis of the atomic bomb.

1946: Britain and the U.S. merged the German occupation zones in their sectors, which eventually became West Germany. The Russian sector became East Germany.

1954: Formerly-powerful Senator Joseph McCarthy was censured by the U.S. Senate for misconduct after his ruthless public "Red Scare" investigations of many thousands of people whose lives and careers were severely damaged or destroyed after they were publicly "blacklisted" after McCarthy falsely accused them of being communists. McCarthy died in 1957, at the age of 48, of liver failure caused by his alcoholism.

1958: Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg signed the Benelux Treaty.

1971: The Soviet Mars 3 space probe landed on Mars.

1979: Iranian electors voted in favor of a new constitution giving absolute power to Ayatollah Khomeini.

1982: Barney Clark received the first permanent artificial heart transplant, developed by Dr. Robert K. Jarvik.

1990: Helmut Kohl was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany in the first all-Germany election since the time of Adolf Hitler.


Copyright © Wayne Blank