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Tuesday, December 11 2012
Manna and Quail
"At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread"
The Israelites came out of Egypt from Passover, during the days of Passover, or days of Unleavened Bread (the Scriptures use both terms for them; see The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week and the Fact Finder question below). "And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters."
"15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea [see The Night Crossing], and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. 15:23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses; also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron and Moses And Zipporah], saying, What shall we drink?
The Israelites had become accustomed to being tended by their slave masters - who apparently fed them well, while working and abusing them to death. Even the Israelites admitted it, while complaining to Moses: "Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger." After four centuries of being reduced to slaves, they had forgotten that with true freedom comes responsibility and self-sufficiency.
"16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai [see Paul's Geography Lesson], on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. 16:2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: 16:3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger." (Exodus 16:1-3 KJV)
The LORD then declared that He would feed them, for the time being, while teaching them that freedom isn't anarchy i.e. "I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no."
"16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no. 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day [see The Sixth Day] they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily." (Exodus 16:4-5 KJV)
The delivery of manna to the Israelites is one of the most famous events of Bible history. The manna however was only part of the food delivery.
"16:6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Exodus]: 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 16:8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.
The LORD then appeared and declared "At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread."
"16:10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud [see also The Clouds of Heaven; also What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?].
As promised, the Israelites were fed with quail in the evening and manna in the morning.
"16:13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. 16:14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. 16:15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was.
The Israelites had not yet arrived at Mount Sinai, where they were given the Ten Commandments. The reason that the Fourth Commandment says "Remember the Sabbath Day" is because they had already been instructed about the Sabbath - when they were given the quail and manna.
"16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. 16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
As they continued to do through their time in the Sinai, the adult former-slave generation were rebels and whiners - the reason that it was the children of the Exodus, not the adults of the Exodus, that entered the Promised Land, after a forty year delay (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey).
"16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 16:28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day." (Exodus 16:27-30 KJV)
For the particular object-lesson that it involved (see the Fact Finder question below), a jar of manna was placed in the Ark of the Covenant.
"16:31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 16:32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.
Fact Finder: What is the connection between "manna" and the Passover Lamb of God?
This Day In History, December 11
361: Julian ("the Apostate") entered Constantinople (named after the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) as sole Emperor of the then collapsing and fragmenting Roman Empire.
969: Byzatine Emperor Nikephoros II Phokas was assassinated by his wife, Theophano, and her lover, the later Emperor John I Tzimiskes.
1205: John Grey, Bishop of Norwich, was elected Archbishop of Canterbury. He was later rejected by Pope Innocent III.
1640: English Puritans introduced the "Root and Branch" petition to the Long Parliament in London.
1688: King James II abdicated the British throne.
1792: King Louis XVI of France was put on trial for treason.
1845: The Sonderbund was established by the 7 Catholic Swiss cantons to oppose anti-Catholic measures by Protestant cantons.
1845: In India, Sikhs crossed Sutlej and made a surprise attack on the British, starting the Anglo-Sikh War.
1899: During the second British-Boer War, the British under Methuen attempted to advance and were defeated with the loss of over 1,000 men by 9,000 Boers under Cronje at the Battle of Magersfontein.
1901: Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi flew a kite fitted with an aerial from the Cabot Memorial Tower on Signal Hill in Newfoundland which enabled him to receive the world's first transatlantic radio message. Sent from Cornwall, England, it consisted of 3 dots, the Morse Code signal for the letter "s".
1917: British forces under General Edmund Allenby liberated Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1930: The Bank of The United States in New York failed and closed all of its 60 branches. The bank had over 400,000 depositors.
1931: Britain's Statute of Westminster gave complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland, and Newfoundland.
1936: Britain's King Edward VIII told a radio audience that he was abdicating the throne to marry U.S. divorcee Wallis Simpson. Edward had reigned for only 11 months, the shortest reign since that of Edward V in the 15th century. George VI, father of Elizabeth II, became king.
1937: Italy withdrew from the League of Nations.
1941: Germany and Italy declared war on the United States; the U.S. then declared war on them. Poland declared war on Japan. Cuba, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Dominican Republic and Guatemala all declared war on Germany and Italy.
1941: Japanese forces occupied Guam.
1948: Newfoundland signed an agreement to become Canada's 10th province.
1955: Israeli forces attacked Syrian positions on the Sea of Galilee.
1961: Captured Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was found guilty and sentenced to death by a court in Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah). He was hung in May of the next year.
1962: Arthur Lucas and Ronald Turpin were hung at Toronto's Don Jail (Turpin murdered a Toronto police officer while fleeing an armed robbery; Lucas, who was a U.S. citizen from Georgia, murdered an undercover U.S. narcotics officer from Detroit while he was visiting Toronto). There were 710 executions in Canada between 1867 (when Canada became a self-governing member of the British Empire) and 1962 when the death penalty was abolished.
1967: The Concorde, a joint British-French development and the world's first supersonic airliner, was formally introduced in France.
1973: West Germany and Czechoslovakia signed a treaty nullifying the 1938 Munich Pact which sanctioned Hitler's seizure of the Sudetenland.
1983: The first visit to Lutheran church by a pope was made by Pope John Paul II in Rome.
1991: European Community leaders signed the "Maastricht Treaty" which aimed for a common foreign policy and a single currency by 1999.
2001: China joined the World Trade Organization.
2008: Bernard Madoff was arrested and charged with securities fraud in a $50 billion Ponzi scheme (some debt-swamped countries are using the same principle to delay economic collapse - using more borrowed money to just be able to pay the interest on the massive debt that they already have).