Friday, December 28 2012
Israel Never Knew Purim, Hanukkah Or Judaism
The Israelites came out of Egypt (see A Biography Of Jacob: A Coat Of Many Colors and A Biography Of Jacob: Israel In Egypt) during the Exodus (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Exodus) as a united nation ("nation" originated from a word that means birth, as in family i.e. nativity). They weren't yet a country (they were just a man's family that had grown very numerous; see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria and A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel), but their religion, of all of the tribes, was the same, as the LORD had commanded them.
The Ten Commandments (see The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God):
"20:1 And God spake all these words, saying,
20:2 I am the LORD thy God [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God], which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me [see Will Jesus Christ Obey Your Christian Religion?].
20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 20:6 And showing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments [see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners].
20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain [see Blaspheming The Name Of God].
20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work [see The Fourth Commandment, Part One: Work]: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God], the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it [see Why Observe The True Sabbath?].
20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother [see The Birth Of The Bride]: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
20:15 Thou shalt not steal.
20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's." (Exodus 20:1-17 KJV)
The annual Holy Days, all of which were observational prophecies of Christianity.
"23:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the LORD [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God], which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.
23:3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the LORD in all your dwellings.
23:4 These are the feasts of the LORD, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.
23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is the LORD's passover [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover].
23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD [see The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week]: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread. 23:7 In the first day ye shall have an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 23:8 But ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD seven days: in the seventh day is an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:9 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye be come into the land which I give unto you, and shall reap the harvest thereof, then ye shall bring a sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest unto the priest: 23:11 And he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, to be accepted for you: on the morrow after the sabbath the priest shall wave it [see Pentecost: Christ's First Harvest and The Harvest Prophecies]. 23:12 And ye shall offer that day when ye wave the sheaf an he lamb without blemish of the first year for a burnt offering unto the LORD.
23:13 And the meat offering thereof shall be two tenth deals of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire unto the LORD for a sweet savour: and the drink offering thereof shall be of wine, the fourth part of an hin.
23:14 And ye shall eat neither bread, nor parched corn, nor green ears, until the selfsame day that ye have brought an offering unto your God: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
23:15 And ye shall count unto you from the morrow after the sabbath, from the day that ye brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven sabbaths shall be complete: 23:16 Even unto the morrow after the seventh sabbath shall ye number fifty days [see Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath]; and ye shall offer a new meat offering unto the LORD. 23:17 Ye shall bring out of your habitations two wave loaves of two tenth deals: they shall be of fine flour; they shall be baken with leaven; they are the firstfruits unto the LORD. 23:18 And ye shall offer with the bread seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one young bullock, and two rams: they shall be for a burnt offering unto the LORD, with their meat offering, and their drink offerings, even an offering made by fire, of sweet savour unto the LORD. 23:19 Then ye shall sacrifice one kid of the goats for a sin offering, and two lambs of the first year for a sacrifice of peace offerings. 23:20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 23:21 And ye shall proclaim on the selfsame day, that it may be an holy convocation unto you: ye shall do no servile work therein: it shall be a statute for ever in all your dwellings throughout your generations.
23:22 And when ye reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of thy field when thou reapest, neither shalt thou gather any gleaning of thy harvest: thou shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am the LORD your God [see The Gleaner's Law].
23:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:24 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, In the seventh month, in the first day of the month, shall ye have a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, an holy convocation [see The Feast Of Trumpets Prophecy]. 23:25 Ye shall do no servile work therein: but ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
23:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:27 Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement [see Day of Atonement: The Messiah's Deliverance and Sending Away The Escapades Goat]: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD. 23:28 And ye shall do no work in that same day: for it is a day of atonement, to make an atonement for you before the LORD your God. 23:29 For whatsoever soul it be that shall not be afflicted in that same day, he shall be cut off from among his people. 23:30 And whatsoever soul it be that doeth any work in that same day, the same soul will I destroy from among his people. 23:31 Ye shall do no manner of work: it shall be a statute for ever throughout your generations in all your dwellings. 23:32 It shall be unto you a sabbath of rest, and ye shall afflict your souls: in the ninth day of the month at even, from even unto even, shall ye celebrate your sabbath.
23:33 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 23:34 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, The fifteenth day of this seventh month shall be the feast of tabernacles for seven days unto the LORD [see The Feast Of Tabernacles In History And Prophecy]. 23:35 On the first day shall be an holy convocation: ye shall do no servile work therein. 23:36 Seven days ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: on the eighth day shall be an holy convocation unto you [see The Eighth Day: Empty Cemeteries]; and ye shall offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD: it is a solemn assembly; and ye shall do no servile work therein.
23:37 These are the feasts of the LORD, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, to offer an offering made by fire unto the LORD, a burnt offering, and a meat offering, a sacrifice, and drink offerings, every thing upon his day [see also The Blood Of Bulls And Goats]: 23:38 Beside the sabbaths of the LORD, and beside your gifts, and beside all your vows, and beside all your freewill offerings, which ye give unto the LORD.
23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. 23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days.
23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month [see Where Is Your Tabernacle?]. 23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: 23:43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
23:44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD." (Leviticus 23:1-44 KJV)
After Israel Became "Israel" and "Judah"
The people of Israel (i.e. the descendants of Jacob, who the LORD renamed as Israel) thereafter remained politically and religiously united for centuries - through the time of Moses, out in the Sinai (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses), through the time of Joshua, when the Israelites entered the Promised Land (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua), through the time of the Judges and Samuel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Judges and Israel In History and Prophecy: Samuel), and then through the reigns of King David (see Israel In History and Prophecy: King David) and his son and successor King Solomon.
Solomon however, despite his great wisdom in his youth, became grossly corrupt with idolatry (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon). In response to that corruption, the LORD divided the united kingdom of Israel into two separate and independent kingdoms - "Israel," composed of the northern ten tribes, and "Judah," composed of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and, at first, a part of Levi, then all of Levi (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah and No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?).
"11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; 11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. 11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. 11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 11:6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father.
11:7 Then did Solomon build an high place for Chemosh, the abomination of Moab, in the hill that is before Jerusalem, and for Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon. 11:8 And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.
11:9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice, 11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded. 11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen." (1 Kings 11:1-13 KJV)
The Kingdom of Israel became grossly corrupt with idolatry, right from the time of their first king, Jeroboam (see Kings of Israel and Judah). The Levites, as the priesthood, whose tribal inheritance was throughout all of the other tribes, left Israel and went south to Judah. After warnings by His prophets, the LORD had the people of Israel taken away to exile in Assyria by 721 BC. They never to this day returned, now being known as "the lost ten tribes" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). The last religion that "Israel" knew was their gross idolatry that caused the LORD to send them away. Israel never again had political or religious unity with Judah.
"12:26 And Jeroboam [see Jeroboam Of Israel]said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David: 12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple], then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.
12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 12:29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan [see Dan's Galilee Panhandle]. 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.
12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi [see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood]. 12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made. 12:33 So he offered upon the altar which he had made in Bethel the fifteenth day of the eighth month, even in the month which he had devised of his own heart; and ordained a feast unto the children of Israel: and he offered upon the altar, and burnt incense." (1 Kings 12:26-33 KJV)
"5:25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them. 5:26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day." (1 Chronicles 5:25-26 KJV)
The people of Judah also went corrupt, also by idolatry, just as Israel had done. For that, the LORD had Judah taken away to exile in Babylon, by 586 BC - about 135 years after Israel had been removed to Assyria.
"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place: 36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God, and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.
36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand.
36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God [see also The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today], great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon. 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.
36:20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon [see also The Prophet Daniel: A Child Of The Exile]; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia: 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years." (2 Kings 36:15-21 KJV)
The difference between Judah and Israel however was that Judah was allowed to return to the land of Israel (keeping in mind, as we've explained, that while all Jews are Israelites, not all Israelites are Jews), for the sake of the coming of the Messiah in His due time. That return, in the time of Ezra and Nehemiah (see A History Of Jerusalem: Ezra And Nehemiah), happened after the Babylonian Empire that had taken Judah into captivity fell to the Persian Empire (Persia is known today as Iran).
"36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia [see also The Prophet Daniel: The Hand Writing On The Wall], that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished [see Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon], the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying, 36:23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up." (2 Chronicles 36:22-23 KJV)
During the years that the people of Judah were subject to the Persians, in the time of Esther, the observance of Purim (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Purim), by the people of Judah, was established. Israel, the lost ten tribes, never knew Purim.
"9:26 Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them, 9:27 The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year;
9:28 And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.
9:29 Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.
9:30 And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth, 9:31 To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.
9:32 And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book." (Esther 9:26-32 KJV)
After their return to the land of Israel, the people of Judah became subject to the Greek Empire, and after it was divided after the death of Alexander the Great, the Ptolomies of Egypt and the Seleicids of Syria (see A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids). It was in response to the "abomination of desolation" committed by the Seleucid king Antiochus IV that the people of Judah, led by the Hasmoneans / Macabbees (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Hasmonean Judea) established their observance of Hanukkah in 165 BC (see the Fact Finder question below). Israel, the lost ten tribes, never knew Hanukkah.
From the time of their return from Babylon, and then moreover in response to the "abomination of desolation" that produced Hanukkah, the people of Judah, through the religious sects that originated during that time (i.e. the Pharisees and the Sadducees) added many of their own "laws" and "traditions" to the religious system that the LORD had originally gave to all of Israel. Those additions became the religion of "Judaism" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Judaism). Israel, the lost ten tribes, never knew Judaism.
Fact Finder: Although established from an event specific to the people of Judah, how was the "abomination of desolation" a foreshadow of the Christian "abomination of desolation" that will occur just before Christ's return?
See Why Did The Messiah Observe Hanukkah? and Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah
This Day In History, December 28
457: Majorian was crowned emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1065: Westminster Abbey was consecrated.
1612: By means of his newly-invented telescope, Galileo Galilei became the first astronomer to observe the planet known as "Neptune" (a pagan name given to it by men).
1688: William of Orange made a triumphant march into London as James II fled.
1694: Queen Mary II of England died of smallpox at age 32.
1698: George I of England got divorced.
1795: Plans for building Toronto's famous Yonge Street were first proposed. While the southern section of it is today a major street in Toronto, the original 48 kilometer road from York (i.e. Toronto) north to Lake Simcoe was one of the earliest highways in Canada. It was named after Sir George Yonge, then Secretary of State for War in the British government.
1836: Spain recognized the independence of Mexico, which at the time included large areas of what is today the U.S. (California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas).
1849: Paris tailor Jolly Bellin reportedly discovered "dry cleaning" when he accidentally upset a lamp containing turpentine and oil on His clothing and saw the cleaning effect.
1895: Antoine and Louis Lumiere introduced their Cinematograph (which projected "moving pictures") in the basement of the Grand Cafe in Paris.
1908: Over 82,000 people were killed by an earthquake that struck the Sicilian town of Messina. A tidal wave that followed caused more devastation.
1923: Alexander Eiffel died at age 91. He designed the Eiffel Tower in Paris, which is named after him.
1936: Benito Mussolini sent war planes to Spain in support of Francisco Franco.
1946: French occupation forces declared martial law in Vietnam. It was the colonial French who divided Vietnam into two countries, North and South. When the French were the driven out during the resulting civil war, the U.S. replaced them in an effort to maintain the artificial boundary. The Vietman War was actually a civil war.
1947: Victor Emmanuel III, king of Italy 1900-1946, died at age 78. His reign brought an end to the Italian monarchy.
1948: Prime Minister Nokrashy Pasha of Egypt was assassinated by a member of the "Muslim Brotherhood." Pasha had just outlawed the group because he regarded them as terrorists.
1950: Chinese troops crossed the 38th Parallel into South Korea.
1997: The government of Hong Kong ordered the slaughter of 1.3 million chickens as well as a large number of ducks, geese, quail and other poultry in an effort to stop the spread of a newly discovered variety of flu.