Monday, December 31 2012
Where Are Miriam, Aaron And Moses?
Miriam was the firstborn child of Amram and Jochebed. She was approximately a teenager when the youngest of the family, Moses, was born. The middle child, Aaron, was three years older than Moses ("7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh." Exodus 7:7 KJV).
"2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi [see Are Levites 'Jews'?], and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. 2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.
2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?
2:8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother. 2:9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it. 2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son [see The Israelites Of The Pharaoh's Palace]. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water. 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. 2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?
2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?
2:19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.
2:20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.
2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter [see Moses And Zipporah]. 2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land." (Exodus 2:1-22 KJV)
Although Moses was separated from Miriam and Aaron for the first eighty years of his life, first while living in the palace of the Pharaoh, and then while he was a fugitive in the Sinai, all three were reunited at the time of the Exodus, and remained so, for the rest of their lives (see also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron).
"12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God] commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. 12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies." (Exodus 12:50-51 KJV)
"15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 15:21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea." (Exodus 15:20-21 KJV)
The Israelites left Egypt, journeyed to Mount Sinai, and then made their way northward where they were given the opportunity to enter the Promised Land - all in just over a year after the Exodus. After hearing that the Canaanites were powerful, the Israelites rebelled - to which the LORD sentenced them to march around aimlessly in the Sinai until nearly all of the adult generation of the Exodus had died outside of the Promised Land. Their children would enter the Promised Land forty years later.
"14:20 And the LORD said, I have pardoned according to thy word: 14:21 But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD.
14:22 Because all those men which have seen my glory, and my miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness [see Paul's Geography Lesson], and have tempted me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to my voice; 14:23 Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked me see it:
14:24 But my servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it. 14:25 (Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites dwelt in the valley.) To morrow turn you, and get you into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea.
14:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,
14:27 How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me. 14:28 Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you:
14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.
14:31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised.
14:32 But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. 14:33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness.
14:34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. 14:35 I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die." (Numbers 14:20-35 KJV)
Mirian was the first to die, of natural causes (keeping in mind the advanced age of all three of them, with Mirian being substantially older than Aaron and Moses). Miriam died and was buried at Kadesh, in the Sinai.
"20:1 Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there." (Numbers 20:1 KJV)
While Moses and Aaron did not die at Kadesh, an incident at Kadesh, at the time of Miriam's death there, brought about the declaration of the LORD that Moses and Aaron would also die in the wilderness. They claimed miraculous power of themselves at "the water of Meribah" - to which the LORD declared "therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them."
"20:2 And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron.
20:3 And the people chided with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD! 20:4 And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there? 20:5 And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates [see also Pomegranates]; neither is there any water to drink.
20:6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation [see also David's Tabernacle], and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them.
20:7 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 20:8 Take the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.
20:9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as he commanded him.
20:10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?
20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also.
20:12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
20:13 This is the water of Meribah, because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and he was sanctified in them." (Numbers 20:2-13 KJV)
Aaron died atop Mount Hor. The service of the High Priest (see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood) was transferred to Aaron's son Eleazar just before he died. "Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount" would presumably also mean that Aaron was buried atop the mountain.
"20:22 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.
20:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,
20:24 Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against my word at the water of Meribah. 20:25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor: 20:26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son [see also From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar]: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.
20:27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.
20:28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.
20:29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel." (Numbers 20:22-29 KJV)
Moses died after viewing the Promised Land, from a mountain east of the Jordan River. Moses was buried "in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day."
"34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho.
And the LORD showed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.
34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.
34:6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. 34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.
34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended." (Deuteronomy 34:1-8 KJV)
Fact Finder: Although Moses did not die in Israelite territory west of the Jordan River, how is it that he died in, or very near, Israelite territory east of the Jordan River?
See Why East And West Manasseh?
This Day In History, December 31
406: Vandals and Suebians crossed the Rhine River, thereby beginning an invasion of Gaul.
535: Byzantine general Belisarius completed his conquest of Sicily.
1384: English religious reformer and Bible translator John Wycliffe died at age 56. Among His teachings were that The Scriptures are the supreme authority in all doctrinal matters, and that Jesus Christ is anyone's only overlord.
1492: Jews were expelled from Sicily.
1600: Queen Elizabeth I granted a charter to the "company of merchants of London trading to the East Indies" - the East India Company.
1687: The first shipload of emigrating Huguenots (French Protestants) left France for South Africa.
1719: English astronomer John Flamsteed, the first Astronomer Royal, died at age 73. The Greenwich Observatory was built for him.
1775: The Battle of Quebec began. British forces repulsed an attack by New England rebel forces under General Richard Montgomery.
1857: Queen Victoria chose Ottawa, Ontario (on the Ottawa River between Ontario and Quebec) as the new capital of Canada. The earlier choice, Kingston, Ontario (located on the north shore of Lake Ontario), was by then regarded as too convenient and vulnerable to attack by the U.S. (a lesson learned and never forgotten during the Wars of 1776 and 1812).
1862: The Union ironclad ship Monitor sank off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina.
1911: Marie Curie received her second Nobel Prize for her work on radioactive elements.
1923: The chimes of Big Ben in London were broadcast for the first time by the BBC.
1923: The Sahara Desert was crossed by an automobile for the first time.
1930: Brewery heir Aldolphus Busch was kidnapped ("Bush" is an abbreviated form of the German name Busch).
1938: Dr. R.N. Harger's "drunkometer," the first breath test for car drivers, was officially introduced, in Indianapolis.
1968: Russia's TU-144 supersonic airliner made its first flight, several months ahead of the Anglo-French Concorde which it closely resembled.
1971: Austrian Kurt Waldheim took over as United Nations secretary-general, succeeding U Thant.
1973: A three-day work week was introduced in Britain to conserve energy during a miners' strike.
1980: Canadian communications theorist and educator Marshall McLuhan died at age 69. He is most well-known for his statements that electronic media were turning the world into a "global village" in which "the medium is the message." Among his lesser-known statements, referring to the drivel that dominates TV programming, was "TV sucks the brain right out of your skull."
1987: One second was added to that year to compensate for precession of earth's axis.