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Wednesday, January 9 2013
Forward, Not Froward
Although their spelling is very-nearly the same, "forward" and "froward" have opposite meanings.
"Forward" originated from a compound Anglo-Saxon word, fore, meaning front or ahead, and weard, meaning a direction. Forward means moving ahead, or moving toward a purpose. A Biblical example is when righteous Isaac "went forward, and grew until he became very great."
"26:12 Then Isaac [see A Biography Of Abraham: Isaac] sowed in that land, and received in the same year an hundredfold: and the LORD blessed him. 26:13 And the man waxed great, and went forward, and grew until he became very great." (Genesis 26:12-13 KJV)
On the other hand, "froward" also originated from a compound Anglo-Saxon word, from (from which the English word "from" itself originated) and, as above, weard, meaning a direction. Froward means to go backwards (hence the saying "to and fro" i.e. there and back; the common term "back and forth" is actually reversed - one must go forth before one can come back), or in character, someone who turns back from what is good in favor of disobedience and opposition (the reason that liberals, although often using the term "going forward," are, by the definitions of conservative and liberal, actually going froward). A Biblical example of the character and behavior of a froward person:
"17:19 He loveth transgression that loveth strife: and he that exalteth his gate seeketh destruction. 17:20 He that hath a froward heart findeth no good: and he that hath a perverse tongue falleth into mischief [see Missing A Head]." (Proverbs 17:19-20 KJV)
The King James Version sometimes (just a few) uses "froward" for the LORD's response to froward people. An example:
"18:26 With the pure thou wilt show thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt show thyself froward ." (Psalm 18:26 KJV)
It should be kept in mind however that, in the verse quoted above, "froward" was used to translate two different Hebrew words. The first, referring to the froward people, was the Hebrew word, pronounced ik-kask, which means false, or twisted. On the other hand, the actual Hebrew word, pronounced paw-thawl, referring to the LORD in that verse, means wrestle, or tangle with i.e. His wrath against the wicked. In effect, the verse was saying The LORD will tangle with those who become twisted.
"The path of the just is as the shining light ... The way of the wicked is as darkness"
The Proverbs provide a definition of froward, by contrast with what is good.
"6:12 A naughty person, a wicked man [see What Does Wicked Mean?], walketh with a froward mouth. 6:13 He winketh with his eyes, he speaketh with his feet, he teacheth with his fingers; 6:14 Frowardness is in his heart, he deviseth mischief continually; he soweth discord. 6:15 Therefore shall his calamity come suddenly; suddenly shall he be broken without remedy.
"Jeshurun" means upright one; it was a term used for Israel when they were true to the LORD. When they went backward, they became "a very froward generation, children in whom is no faith."
"32:12 So the LORD alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him. 32:13 He made him ride on the high places of the earth, that he might eat the increase of the fields; and he made him to suck honey out of the rock, and oil out of the flinty rock; 32:14 Butter of kine, and milk of sheep, with fat of lambs, and rams of the breed of Bashan, and goats, with the fat of kidneys of wheat; and thou didst drink the pure blood of the grape.
Although King David experienced many troubles, he always remained "upright" in heart by keeping "the ways of the LORD - in contrast to the froward who "wickedly departed from my God."
"22:22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God. 22:23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them. 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity. 22:25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.
The froward devise to tear down what the LORD has built up.
"3:29 Devise not evil against thy neighbour, seeing he dwelleth securely by thee. 3:30 Strive not with a man without cause, if he have done thee no harm. 3:31 Envy thou not the oppressor, and choose none of his ways. 3:32 For the froward is abomination to the LORD: but his secret is with the righteous. 3:33 The curse of the LORD is in the house of the wicked: but he blesseth the habitation of the just [see Where Is The House Of God?; also Where Is Your Tabernacle?]." (Proverbs 3:29-33 KJV)
From the betrayals that he experienced from those who had gotten close to him, David well-understood the froward who "turn aside" and how the "froward heart shall depart from me."
"101:1 A Psalm of David.
During his greatest distress, Job remained forward, not froward, toward the LORD.
"5:8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause: 5:9 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: 5:10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields: 5:11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.
The rejection of Godly wisdom is the means by which frowardness grows, backwards, to its place of destruction.
"8:1 Doth not wisdom cry? and understanding put forth her voice? 8:2 She standeth in the top of high places, by the way in the places of the paths. 8:3 She crieth at the gates [see also The Messiah's Teachings About Gates], at the entry of the city, at the coming in at the doors. 8:4 Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man. 8:5 O ye simple, understand wisdom: and, ye fools, be ye of an understanding heart. 8:6 Hear; for I will speak of excellent things; and the opening of my lips shall be right things. 8:7 For my mouth shall speak truth; and wickedness is an abomination to my lips. 8:8 All the words of my mouth are in righteousness; there is nothing froward or perverse in them." (Proverbs 8:1-8 KJV)
Being forward toward the LORD is the means of not becoming froward for the Devil, "To deliver thee from the way of the evil man, from the man that speaketh froward things; Who leave the paths of uprightness, to walk in the ways of darkness."
"2:1 My son, if thou wilt receive my words [see What Does Word of God Mean To You?], and hide my commandments with thee; 2:2 So that thou incline thine ear unto wisdom, and apply thine heart to understanding; 2:3 Yea, if thou criest after knowledge, and liftest up thy voice for understanding; 2:4 If thou seekest her as silver, and searchest for her as for hid treasures; 2:5 Then shalt thou understand the fear of the LORD, and find the knowledge of God. 2:6 For the LORD giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. 2:7 He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: he is a buckler to them that walk uprightly. 2:8 He keepeth the paths of judgment, and preserveth the way of his saints.
For those who live toward the LORD, "the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day." For the froward, "The way of the wicked is as darkness."
"4:14 Enter not into the path of the wicked, and go not in the way of evil men. 4:15 Avoid it, pass not by it, turn from it, and pass away. 4:16 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall. 4:17 For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence [see Violence].
Fact Finder: How does "direction" determine Biblical Truth?
This Day In History, January 9
475: Byzantine Emperor Zeno fled his capital at Constantinople; one of his generals, Basiliscus, then seized control of the empire.
1324: Italian explorer Marco Polo died.
1522: Adrian of Utrecht was elected as the first and only Dutch pope. He was the last non-Italian pope until the Polish-born Pope John Paul II over 450 years later (see The Struggle For The Papacy; listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1719: Philip V of Spain declared war on France.
1760: The Battle of Barari Ghat, one of a series of Afghan victories over the Marathas in their war to gain control of the decaying Mughal Empire. It gave the British time to consolidate their power in Bengal.
1792: The Treaty of Jassy ended the Russo-Turkish War; the Russian frontier was extended and the Ottomans (a centuries-long ruling dynasty of Turkey; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) also gained territory.
1793: Jean-Pierre Blanchard of France made the first balloon flight over North America.
1806: British naval hero Horatio Nelson was buried at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. He led the British fleet against the French at Trafalgar in October 1805 where he was mortally wounded.
1873: Napoleon III, Emperor of France, nephew of Napoleon I, died.
1905: "Bloody Sunday," a massacre of peaceful demonstrators that marked the beginning of the Russian Revolution of 1905.
1908: Count Zeppelin announced his plans to build an airship that could carry 100 passengers.
1915: Pancho Villa signed a treaty with the U.S., halting border conflicts between the U.S. and Mexico.
1923: Don Juan de la Cierva, Spanish flier and inventor, made the first successful flight of an autogyro, forerunner of the helicopter.
1957: Anthony Eden resigned as British Prime Minister just months after the Suez Canal crisis.
1960: Construction began on Egypt's Aswan High Dam.
1964: 22 Panamanian students were shot dead during riots which began after U.S. residents of the Panama Canal zone prevented them from raising the Panamanian flag there.
1972: Fire destroyed the liner Queen Elizabeth as it lay in waters off Hong Kong.
1980: In Saudi Arabia, 63 Muslim extremists were beheaded for their part in the siege of the Great Mosque in Mecca in November 1979.
1982: A magnitude 5.9 earthquake struck eastern Canada.
1992: Serbs in Bosnia-Herzegovina declared a Serbian republic.