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Thursday, January 17 2013
Exodus: The Way Home
The English word "Exodus" originated from a compound Greek word, pronounced (the Greek alphabet is very different from the English alphabet - although the English word "alphabet" is derived from the first two letters of the Greek alphabet, alpha and beta) ex, meaning to go out, and hodos, meaning a way, or means. Ironically, the original word could be used to mean either the way out, or out of the way - which is also appropriate for the Israelite Exodus. They were given, amidst a spectacular display of miraculous Messianic power, a way out of their worldly troubles, but soon thereafter rebelled and made themselves out of the way to their destination. A journey that was intended to have taken only a little over a year (out of Egypt, down to Mount Sinai for the Constitution of the new nation, then up to the Promised Land through the Negev) instead became a forty-year wandering (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey). The children of the Exodus entered the Promised Land (see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar).
"14:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 14:27 How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me.
The Hebrew name for the Book, pronounced she-mot, means names. Exodus begins with the names of the Israelites who sought refuge in Egypt four centuries earlier.
"1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt [see A Biography Of Jacob: Israel In Egypt]; every man and his household came with Jacob. 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already." (Exodus 1:1-5 KJV)
The Israelites had entered Egypt under the best of circumstances; one of their own, Joseph (see A Biography Of Jacob: A Coat Of Many Colors), had become Prime Minister of Egypt, second in authority only to the Pharaoh. Over the next four centuries, the Israelites prospered and grew into such a powerful multitude that the later Pharaohs regarded them as a security threat to Egypt. Hence the oppression that was inflicted upon them, and the LORD's deliverance of them from it.
"1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
The Chapters Of The Book Of Exodus
Fact Finder: What does "the land of milk and honey" mean in the Bible?
This Day In History, January 17
38 BC: Octavian (who became the first emperor of the Roman empire; see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) divorced Scribonia and married Livia Drusilla, thereby ending the political peace between the Second Triumvirate (see The Politics Of Rome) and Pompey.
395: Upon the death of Emperor Theodosius I, the Roman Roman Empire was no longer ruled by a single leader. As a political and military entity, it thereafter began to be moved northward, where it became officially known as "The Holy Roman Empire of The German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire and Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).
683: The Battle of al-Harrah. A Syrian army supporting the Umayyad caliph Yazid I defeated the rebel forces of Medina.
1377: Pope Gregory XI restored the papacy to Rome from Avignon, France, where it had resided for 72 years. It had been moved there by French Pope Clement V in 1305, to escape the political turmoil in Italy at the time (see The Struggle For The Papacy).
1562: The Edict of St. Germain took effect by which the Huguenots (French Protestants) were recognized in France. On the same day, the Duke of Guise and the Cardinal of Lorraine formed a union to block the edict.
1595: Henry IV of France declared war on Spain.
1601: The Treaty of Lyons was signed between France, Spain and Savoy under which Henry IV gained Bresse, Bugey, Gex and Valromey.
1773: The Resolution, under England's Captain James Cook, became the first ship to enter Antarctic waters.
1775: 9 women in Kalisk, Poland were burnt as witches, accused of causing bad harvests.
1811: The Battle of Calderon Bridge during the Mexican War of Independence; a force of 6,000 Spanish troops defeated a Mexican revolutionist force of 100,000.
1852: The United Kingdom recognized the independence of the Boer colonies of the Transvaal.
1912: Robert Scott's expedition reached the South Pole, a month after Roald Amundsen of Norway.
1939: The Nazi government in Germany prohibited Jews from working as dentists, veterinarians and chemists (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1945: The Soviet Red Army liberated and occupied Warsaw, Poland, from German forces.
1957: Canada's last aircraft carrier (Canada had 3 aircraft carriers during the Second World War to Cold War era), HMCS Bonaventure, was commissioned. The ship was ordered scrapped in 1969 by the Liberal regime of Pierre Trudeau.
1961: U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower delivered a national televised farewell address, warning of the self-destructive influence of the "military-industrial complex" (arms manufacturers making billions in profits by getting war-lusting politicians elected).
1966: A U.S. B-52 bomber collided in mid-air with a refueling tanker over Spain. 8 people were killed, and the bomber released its H-bomb into the Atlantic.
1977: Double-murderer Gary Gilmore became the first person to be executed in the U.S. since the reintroduction of the death penalty. He chose a firing squad.
1995: More than 6,000 people were killed after a strong earthquake struck central Japan. Measuring 7.2 on the Richter scale, the earthquake, centered around the port of Kobe, was the biggest quake to hit Japan in half a century.
1998: Matt Drudge broke the story of the Bill Clinton-Monica Lewinsky affair on his website The Drudge Report.