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Saturday, January 19 2013

Numbers: In The Desert

The title of the Book of Numbers, in English translations of the Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?), is based upon the name given to it by the Vulgate translators (in Latin), Numeri, as well as the earlier Septuagint translation (in Greek) in which it was called Arithmoi - both of which mean numbers. Those titles referred to the various numberings found in the document, particularly the census done in the second year after the Exodus, and then another census done just before they entered the Promised Land forty years later.

The Tabernacle and Israelite Camp

"1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls. 1:19 As the LORD commanded Moses [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Moses], so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai." (Numbers 1:18-19 KJV)

"1:45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel [see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria], by the house of their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel; 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. 1:47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them." (Numbers 1:45-47 KJV)

"3:41 And thou shalt take the Levites for me (I am the LORD) instead of all the firstborn among the children of Israel; and the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstlings among the cattle of the children of Israel. 3:42 And Moses numbered, as the LORD [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God] commanded him, all the firstborn among the children of Israel. 3:43 And all the firstborn males by the number of names, from a month old and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were twenty and two thousand two hundred and threescore and thirteen." (Numbers 3:41-43 KJV)

"26:1 And it came to pass after the plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest [see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar], saying, 26:2 Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their fathers' house, all that are able to go to war in Israel. 26:3 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, 26:4 Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward; as the LORD commanded Moses and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt ... 26:63 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho. 26:64 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, They shall surely die in the wilderness. And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. " (Numbers 26:1-4,63-65 KJV)

Much more happened during the forty years that the Israelites were in the Sinai however, as attested by the Hebrew name for the book which means in the desert , which is translated by the King James Version as "in the wilderness."

"1:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt" (Numbers 1:1 KJV)

The Chapters Of The Book Of Numbers

Chapter 1: The First Census

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey

Chapter 2: The Camp Of Tribes

The Camp

Chapter 3: The Levites

Levites

Chapter 4: Kohathites, Mershonites, Merarites

Gershon, Kohath, and Merari

Chapter 5: An Adultery Trial

The Moral Law

Chapter 6: Nazirite

The Nazirite Vow

Chapter 7: The Dedication Of The Tabernacle

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Tabernacle

Chapter 8: The Lamp

The Menorah: Lighting The Way

Chapter 9: Passover Instructions

Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover

Chapter 10: From Sinai To Paran

Ishmael's Paran

Chapter 11: The Elders Receive The Holy Spirit

What Did The Elders Of Israel Do?

Chapter 12: Miriam and Aaron Oppose Moses

Where Are Miriam, Aaron And Moses?

Chapter 13: The Scouts Into The Land Of Canaan

Why Did The Grapes Of Eshcol Become The Grapes Of Wrath?

Chapter 14: The Israelites Refuse To Enter The Promised Land

A Journey Without A Destination

Chapter 15: The Origin Of Garment Fringes

The Fringes Of His Garment

Chapter 16: The Rebellion Of Korah and Dathan

Dathan

Chapter 17: The Budding Of Aaron's Rod

The Fruitful Rod Of Aaron

Chapter 18: Priests and Levites

The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood

Chapter 19: The Water Of Cleansing

The Origin of Baptism

Chapter 20: The Water Of Meribah

Why Did Joshua Lead Israel Across The Jordan?

Chapter 21: The Bronze Snake

The Bronze Serpent

Chapter 22: Balak Calls Balaam

The Miracle Of The Talking Jenny

Chapter 23: Balaam's Oracles

Oracles

Chapter 24: Balaam's Final Oracle

Soothsayers

Chapter 25: The Israelites Commit Adultery and Idolatry With The Moabites

Do You Want A Servant Or A Serpent?

Chapter 26: The Second Census

Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD

Chapter 27: Joshua To Succeed Moses

From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar

Chapter 28: The Spring Holy Days; Passover and Pentecost

Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover

Unleavened Bread: Completing The Journey

The Two Sabbaths Of Passover Week

Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath

Chapter 29: The Autumn Holy Days; Trumpets, Atonement, Tabernacles

The Feast Of Trumpets Prophecy

Day of Atonement: The Messiah's Deliverance

The Feast Of Tabernacles In History And Prophecy

The Eighth Day: Empty Cemeteries

Chapter 30: Marriage Vows

The Syrian Marriage Wells

The Birth Of The Bride

Chapter 31: Vengeance On The Midianites

The Midian War

Chapter 32: The Eastern Israelite Tribes

Why East And West Manasseh?

Chapter 33: Israel's Forty-Year Journey

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey

Chapter 34: The Boundaries Of Canaan

What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?

Chapter 35: Levite Towns

No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?

Chapter 36: Zelophehad's Daughters

Zelophehad's Daughters

Fact Finder: Why did the LORD command the Israelites to not be malignant toward the God-given territory of other nations?
See The Boundary Law and When Freedom Crosses The Line


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This Day In History, January 19

379: Roman Emperor Gratian promoted Flavius Theodosius to "Augustus," thereby giving him authority over all the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire (see a map of the Roman Empire in Israel In History and Prophecy: Aelia Capitolina).

1419: In the Hundred Years War between England and France, the French city of Rouen surrendered to Henry V, completing his conquest of Normandy.

1493: The First Treaty of Barcelona; Charles VIII of France ceded Roussillon and Cerdagne to Spain in order to gain its neutrality while he invaded Italy.

1523: In Switzerland, Ulrich Zwingli published his 67 Articles, the first manifesto of the Zurich Reformation which attacked the authority of the Pope.

1563: The Heidelberg Catechism was first published in Germany. Written by Peter Ursinus and Caspar Olevianus, it comprised a balanced statement of Calvinist tradition, and was soon after accepted by nearly all of the Reformed churches in Europe.

1568: Miles Coverdale died at age 80. He published the first printed English Bible. He completed the translation of The Old Testament which William Tyndale had left unfinished at his death in 1536.

1783: William Pitt became the youngest-ever Prime Minister of England at age 24.

1889: The Salvation Army split, as one faction within the denomination renounced allegiance to founder William Booth. Booth's son Ballington and his wife Maud led the U.S. splinter group, which in 1896 incorporated itself as a separate denomination known as the "Volunteers of America" (regardless of its self-proclaimed all-inclusive name, the new organization actually only involved the United States of America; the Salvation Army continued in Canada and the numerous other countries that also exist throughout the vast continents of North and South America).

1899: Britain and Egypt established joint control over Sudan.

1915: The first casualties to result from an air raid over Britain occurred when a Zeppelin dropped 6 bombs on Yarmouth. 2 people died and 3 were injured.

1921: Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador signed the Pact of Union.

1943: Crown Princess Juliana, later to become Queen of the Netherlands, gave birth in Ottawa to Princess Margriet. The Princess and her family took refuge in Canada to escape the German occupation of the Netherlands during the Second World War. The Government of Canada temporarily extended the Netherlands embassy status in Ottawa to include the Queen's private hospital maternity room so that the moment of the birth was in Netherlands sovereign territory.

1966: Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India in succession to Lal Shastri who had died on January 11. Shastri had succeeded Gandhi's father, Jawaharlal Nehru.

1975: 20 people were injured at the airport in Paris, France, after Arab terrorists attempted a grenade attack on an El Al jumbo jet and then seized three hostages.

1983: Klaus Barbie, notorious SS chief of Lyon in Nazi-occupied France, was arrested in Bolivia.

1983: The Apple Lisa, the first commercial personal computer from Apple to have a graphical user interface and a computer mouse, was introduced.

1986: The first computer "virus" was released into the public; a boot-sector virus was created by the Farooq Alvi Brothers in Lahore, Pakistan, reportedly to prevent piracy of their software products.

1991: During the (first) Kuwait War (to liberate Kuwait from Iraq's invasion and occupation of the country), Iraq's Saddam Hussein began launching "Scud" missiles on Haifa and Tel Aviv the day after U.S. forces began bombing Iraq. Hussein's intention was to provoke an Israeli entry into the war and thereby cause the Arab allied forces to quit the war against Iraq. The Israelis did not respond, even after suffering 13 dead, 200 wounded, and 4,000 buildings damaged.

1997: Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat returned to Hebron for the first time in more than 30 years and joined 60,000 celebrating Palestinians after Israel handed over 80% of the city to Palestinian control. There remained 500 Jewish settlers in Hebron (where Abraham, Isaac and Jacob/Israel, along with their wives Sarah, Rebekah and Leah, are buried in a family tomb) along with 130,000 Palestinians.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank