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Sunday, January 20 2013
Deuteronomy: The Law and History Lessons By Moses
The Book of Deuteronomy, in English, takes its name from a Greek word, pronounced deuteronomion, which means second law. It is important to understand however that it isn't a second law in the sense that anything was changed or added to the original commands given by the LORD to the Israelites. Nor was it merely a repetition to the Israelites who had already heard it, as responsible and held-accountable adults, at the time of the Exodus. "Deuteronomy" was spoken to the Israelites at the end of the forty-years wandering in the Sinai, after their parents and grandparents, who heard it the first time, were all dead. The elder generation had rebelled against their opportunity to enter the Promised Land, only a little over a year after the Exodus, so the LORD sentenced them to wander in the Sinai for forty years, until all of the rebel generation perished. Their children entered the Promised Land, crossing the Jordan under Joshua. They were the then-adults who received the second reading of the same Law, and the history of the Israelite wandering, from Moses.
"Your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness":
"14:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 14:27 How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me.
The Hebrew name for the Book is pronounced devarim. It means spoken words, taken from the first sentence:
"1:1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab." (Deuteronomy 1:1 KJV)
Moses delivered "Deuteronomy" at the end of the forty years in the Sinai.
"1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them" (Deuteronomy 1:3 KJV)
Deuteronomy ends with the death of Moses (see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar).
"34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar. 34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.
The Chapters Of The Book Of Deuteronomy
Fact Finder: Some people look at present-day political maps, such as the one shown above, that show the Sinai wilderness as today being a part of "Egypt" - from which they assume the incorrect conclusion that the Israelites were not in the Sinai, and that Mount Sinai isn't in the Sinai Peninsula. Why did the apostle Paul say that Mount Sinai is in "Arabia"?
This Day In History, January 20
250: Emperor Decius began persecution of Christians in Rome (genuine, and merely Christian-professing; see The Church Of God At Rome).
1265: In England, the first Parliament to be attended by elected knights of the shires and burgesses met under Simon de Montfort.
1320: Wladislaw I was crowned king of Poland. He defeated the Knights of the Teutonic Order, and established the Polish nation.
1327: Edward II of England abdicated in favor of his son Edward III.
1612: Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II died. His inability to reconcile Roman Catholics and Protestants led to the Thirty Years War (see The Holy Roman Empire).
1649: King Charles I of England was charged with treason after the civil war against Parliamentarian forces.
1783: Britain signed a peace agreement with France and Spain, who allied against Britain during the rebellion of the New England colonies.
1841: Hong Kong was ceded to Britain from China after the Opium War.
1918: In Russia following the Bolshevik Revolution, all church property was confiscated and all religious instruction in the schools was abolished.
1936: King George V died at age 70. He was succeeded by Edward VIII whose abdication (to marry a divorced U.S. woman) made possible the eventual coronation of Elizabeth II after the death of her father, King George VI (the younger brother of Edward VIII who succeeded Edward).
1942: Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin formalized a "final solution" plan for the murder of Europe's Jews (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1981: 52 U.S. hostages from the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, were released after 444 days in captivity.
1989: Ronald Reagan broke the "year zero curse" when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Mr. Reagan was very seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):
2009: Barack Obama was inaugurated as the first black President of the U.S.