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Sunday, January 20 2013

Deuteronomy: The Law and History Lessons By Moses

The Book of Deuteronomy, in English, takes its name from a Greek word, pronounced deuteronomion, which means second law. It is important to understand however that it isn't a second law in the sense that anything was changed or added to the original commands given by the LORD to the Israelites. Nor was it merely a repetition to the Israelites who had already heard it, as responsible and held-accountable adults, at the time of the Exodus. "Deuteronomy" was spoken to the Israelites at the end of the forty-years wandering in the Sinai, after their parents and grandparents, who heard it the first time, were all dead. The elder generation had rebelled against their opportunity to enter the Promised Land, only a little over a year after the Exodus, so the LORD sentenced them to wander in the Sinai for forty years, until all of the rebel generation perished. Their children entered the Promised Land, crossing the Jordan under Joshua. They were the then-adults who received the second reading of the same Law, and the history of the Israelite wandering, from Moses.

"Your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness":

The Sinai Peninsula

"14:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, 14:27 How long shall I bear with this evil congregation, which murmur against me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against me.

14:28 Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: 14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 14:31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. 14:32 But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness.

14:33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness. 14:34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. 14:35 I the LORD have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation, that are gathered together against me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die [see A Journey Without A Destination]." (Numbers 14:26-35 KJV)

The Hebrew name for the Book is pronounced devarim. It means spoken words, taken from the first sentence:

"1:1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab." (Deuteronomy 1:1 KJV)

Moses delivered "Deuteronomy" at the end of the forty years in the Sinai.

"1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them" (Deuteronomy 1:3 KJV)

Deuteronomy ends with the death of Moses (see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar).

"34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD shewed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan, 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea, 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar. 34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.

34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD. 34:6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day. 34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated. 34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended.

34:9 And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom; for Moses had laid his hands upon him: and the children of Israel hearkened unto him, and did as the LORD commanded Moses.

34:10 And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face, 34:11 In all the signs and the wonders, which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, 34:12 And in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel." (Deuteronomy 34:1-12 KJV)

The Chapters Of The Book Of Deuteronomy

Chapter 1: Moses' Forty Years In The Sinai History Lesson

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Sinai Journey

Chapter 2: Wandering In The Wilderness of Seir and Sinai

Ishmael's Paran

Chapter 3: The Promised Land On Both Sides Of The Jordan

Why East And West Manasseh?

Chapter 4: The LORD Is God

The Kingdom Of The LORD God

Chapter 5: The Ten Commandments

Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD

Chapter 6: Obey The LORD Your God

Works Means Obedience

Christ Died For Repentant Sinners

Chapter 7: Drive Out The Nations

What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?

Chapter 8: Live The Way Of The LORD

What Does Word of God Mean To You?

Chapter 9: The Golden Calf

The Mount Sinai Riot

Chapter 10: The Second Tables Of Stone

The Stones Of Mount Sinai

Chapter 11: Love The LORD By Obeying Him

Will Jesus Christ Obey Your Christian Religion?

Chapter 12: Worship At The LORD's Holy Place

The Holy Place In History And Prophecy

Where Is Your Tabernacle?

Chapter 13: False Prophets

What's The Bible Word For False Prophet?

The Messiah's Warning About Christian Charlatans

Chapter 14: Clean and Unclean: Don't Eat Rats, Pigs, Vultures

A Healthy Diet

Chapter 15: Debts and Servants

Property Rights Under God's Law

Chapter 16: The Messiah's Holy Days

When Is The LORD's Day?

Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover

The Messiah's Days Of Unleavened Bread

Pentecost: Christ's First Harvest

The Feast Of Trumpets Prophecy

Day of Atonement: The Messiah's Deliverance

The Feast Of Tabernacles In History And Prophecy

The Eighth Day: Empty Cemeteries

Chapter 17: Kings Of Israel

The Children Of The Two Kingdoms

The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God

Chapter 18: Priests and Prophets

The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Prophets

Chapter 19: Cities Of Refuge

Manslayer Cities

Chapter 20: Rules Of War

A Biography Of Abraham: The Battles Of Sodom

A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace

Chapter 21: Rights and Responsibilities Of The Firstborn

A Biography Of Jacob: The Birthright

Chapter 22: Marriage Violations

Dinah Of Israel

The Birth Of The Bride

Chapter 23: Exclusion From The Congregation

Does God Love His Enemies?

Chapter 24: Debt

Parables Of Jesus Christ: The Forgiven

Chapter 25: Guilt and Innocence

The Slaughter Of The Innocents

Chapter 26: Firstfruits

The Harvest Prophecies

Chapter 27: Mount Ebal

Mount Ebal

Chapter 28: Blessings and Curses

Winners and Losers

Chapter 29: The Covenant

Israel In History and Prophecy: The New Covenant

Chapter 30: Blessings Of Prosperity

The Way To The Land Of Milk And Honey

Chapter 31: Joshua To Succeed Moses

From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar

Chapter 32: The Song Of Moses

The Prophets: Moses

The Psalm Of Moses

Chapter 33: Moses Blesses The Tribes Of Israel

A Biography Of Jacob: Blessings And Prophecies

Chapter 34: The Death Of Moses

Where Are Miriam, Aaron And Moses?

Fact Finder: Some people look at present-day political maps, such as the one shown above, that show the Sinai wilderness as today being a part of "Egypt" - from which they assume the incorrect conclusion that the Israelites were not in the Sinai, and that Mount Sinai isn't in the Sinai Peninsula. Why did the apostle Paul say that Mount Sinai is in "Arabia"?
See Paul's Geography Lesson


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This Day In History, January 20

250: Emperor Decius began persecution of Christians in Rome (genuine, and merely Christian-professing; see The Church Of God At Rome).

1265: In England, the first Parliament to be attended by elected knights of the shires and burgesses met under Simon de Montfort.

1320: Wladislaw I was crowned king of Poland. He defeated the Knights of the Teutonic Order, and established the Polish nation.

1327: Edward II of England abdicated in favor of his son Edward III.

1612: Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II died. His inability to reconcile Roman Catholics and Protestants led to the Thirty Years War (see The Holy Roman Empire).

1649: King Charles I of England was charged with treason after the civil war against Parliamentarian forces.

1783: Britain signed a peace agreement with France and Spain, who allied against Britain during the rebellion of the New England colonies.

1841: Hong Kong was ceded to Britain from China after the Opium War.

1918: In Russia following the Bolshevik Revolution, all church property was confiscated and all religious instruction in the schools was abolished.

1936: King George V died at age 70. He was succeeded by Edward VIII whose abdication (to marry a divorced U.S. woman) made possible the eventual coronation of Elizabeth II after the death of her father, King George VI (the younger brother of Edward VIII who succeeded Edward).

1942: Nazi officials at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin formalized a "final solution" plan for the murder of Europe's Jews (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1981: 52 U.S. hostages from the U.S. embassy in Tehran, Iran, were released after 444 days in captivity.

1989: Ronald Reagan broke the "year zero curse" when he became the first U.S. President since 1840, who won a Presidential election in a year ending in a zero, to leave office alive (although not without incident - Mr. Reagan was very seriously wounded in an assassination attempt in March of 1981):
1980: Ronald Reagan
1960: John F. Kennedy, assassinated
1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt, natural causes
1920: Warren Harding, natural causes
1900: William McKinley, assassinated
1880: James Garfield, assassinated
1860: Abraham Lincoln, assassinated
1840: William Harrison, natural causes

2009: Barack Obama was inaugurated as the first black President of the U.S.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank