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Monday, January 21 2013

Joshua: Crossing The Jordan

Joshua was born in Egypt of the Israelite tribe of Ephraim. As such, Joshua could have had a more Egyptian appearance than the Israelites whose progenitors were born in Syria, of entirely Babylonian ancestry (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria). Ephraim and Manasseh's mother, the wife of Joseph (see A Biography Of Jacob: A Coat Of Many Colors) was Egyptian; the ancient Egyptians were black people.

"46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him." (Genesis 46:20 KJV)

Joshua's age at the time of the Exodus is not stated, other than that he was a young man ("Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man"). There is nothing in the Scriptures that say that Joshua was a stone cutter, as he is portrayed in the classic The Ten Commandments movie produced by Cecil B. DeMille in 1956. Joshua became the closest personal aide to Moses ("Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God") right from the time of the Israelite entry into the Sinai. Joshua accompanied Moses part-way up onto Mount Sinai, and Joshua guarded the Ten Commandments prior to the time of the building of the Tabernacle (Moses' "Tent of Meeting" is also sometimes translated as "Tabernacle").

Egypt

"24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God." (Exodus 24:13 KJV)

"32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. [see Turning The Tables] 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables. 32:17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp. 32:18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear. 32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf [see The Mount Sinai Riot], and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount." (Exodus 24:13-19 KJV)

"33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the LORD talked with Moses. 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door. 33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend [see The Trysting Tent]. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle." (Exodus 33:9-11 KJV)

Joshua was one of the twelve scouts that were sent to "search the land of Canaan" just prior to what should have been the Israelites' entry into the Promised Land - only a little over a year after the Exodus.

"13:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 13:2 Send thou men, that they may search the land of Canaan, which I give unto the children of Israel: of every tribe of their fathers shall ye send a man, every one a ruler among them.

13:3 And Moses by the commandment of the LORD sent them from the wilderness of Paran: all those men were heads of the children of Israel. 13:4 And these were their names: of the tribe of Reuben, Shammua the son of Zaccur. 13:5 Of the tribe of Simeon, Shaphat the son of Hori. 13:6 Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 13:7 Of the tribe of Issachar, Igal the son of Joseph. 13:8 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun. 13:9 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Palti the son of Raphu. 13:10 Of the tribe of Zebulun, Gaddiel the son of Sodi. 13:11 Of the tribe of Joseph, namely, of the tribe of Manasseh, Gaddi the son of Susi. 13:12 Of the tribe of Dan, Ammiel the son of Gemalli. 13:13 Of the tribe of Asher, Sethur the son of Michael. 13:14 Of the tribe of Naphtali, Nahbi the son of Vophsi. 13:15 Of the tribe of Gad, Geuel the son of Machi. 13:16 These are the names of the men which Moses sent to spy out the land. And Moses called Oshea the son of Nun Jehoshua." (Numbers 13:1-16 KJV)

Upon their return, only Joshua, of Ephraim, and Caleb, of Judah, reported what they saw with honesty and courage. The others caused a rebellion of the nation - they refused to enter the Promised Land. The result was that the LORD sentenced the entire adult generation of the Exodus, except for Joshua and Caleb, to die in the wilderness.

The Grapes Of Canaan

"14:28 Say unto them, As truly as I live, saith the LORD, as ye have spoken in mine ears, so will I do to you: 14:29 Your carcases shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered of you, according to your whole number, from twenty years old and upward, which have murmured against me, 14:30 Doubtless ye shall not come into the land, concerning which I sware to make you dwell therein, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun. 14:31 But your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, them will I bring in, and they shall know the land which ye have despised. 14:32 But as for you, your carcases, they shall fall in this wilderness. 14:33 And your children shall wander in the wilderness forty years, and bear your whoredoms, until your carcases be wasted in the wilderness [see Deuteronomy: The Law and History Lessons By Moses]. 14:34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise." (Numbers 14:28-34 KJV)

Moses himself was not given to enter the Promised Land (although we know that he will be in the Spiritual Promised Land, the Kingdom of God; see The Moses And Elijah Vision). Just before his death (see Where Are Miriam, Aaron And Moses?), Moses formally transferred his responsibility (the LORD has the Power; His servants have only responsibility) to Joshua.

"27:18 And the LORD [see The Kingdom Of The LORD God] said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him; 27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight. 27:20 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient. 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

27:22 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation: 27:23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses." (Numbers 27:18-23 KJV}

Upon the death of Moses, the LORD gave Joshua the instructions that he would accomplish, as recorded in the Book of Joshua.

"1:1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, that the LORD spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 1:2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. 1:3 Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses. 1:4 From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast. 1:5 There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.

1:6 Be strong and of a good courage: for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give them. 1:7 Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success." (Joshua 1:1-8 KJV)

The Chapters Of The Book Of Joshua

Chapter 1: The LORD's Command To Joshua

Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua

Chapter 2: Rahab Of Jericho

The Faith Of Rahab

Chapter 3: The Ark Leads The Way

The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God

Chapter 4: Crossing The Jordan

The Jordan Crossing

Chapter 5: Passover At Gilgal; The Last Manna

Manna In The Wilderness

Chapter 6: The Fall Of Jericho

The Gates Of Jericho

The Faith Of Rahab

Chapter 7: Achan's Covet

Spoils Of War

Chapter 8: The Destruction Of Ai

Ambush

Chapter 9: The Gibeonite Deception

Gibeon

Chapter 10: The Longest Day

The Long Moon Of Ajalon

Chapter 11: Victory Over The Northern Kings

Hazor

Chapter 12: The Canaanite Kings

What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?

Chapter 13: The Tribal Lands East Of The Jordan

Why East And West Manasseh?

Chapter 14: Caleb's Reward

Caleb

Chapter 15: Homeland For The Tribe Of Judah

Who Were The First Jews?

A History Of Jerusalem: The Capital Of Judah

Chapter 16: Homeland For The Tribe Of Ephraim

Jacob's Blessing Of Ephraim And Manasseh

Mount Ephraim

Chapter 17: Homeland For The Tribe Of Manasseh West Of The Jordan

Why East And West Manasseh?

Chapter 18: Homeland For The Tribe Of Benjamin

Why Did Jacob Adopt Ephraim And Manasseh?

The Rachel Prophecies

Chapter 19: Homelands For The Other Tribes; Joshua's Inheritance

Joshua's Timnath

Crossing Samaria

The Cities Of Lake Galilee

Chapter 20: Cities Of Refuge

Cities Of Refuge

Chapter 21: Levite Towns

Levites

No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?

Chapter 22: The Eastern Tribes Return Across The Jordan

On The Brink Of Civil War

Chapter 23: Joshua's Farewell

Israel In History and Prophecy: Joshua

Chapter 24: The Covenant At Shechem

A Biography Of Jacob: The Return To Canaan

Fact Finder: Who was Eleazar, the High Priest when Joshua led Israel?
See From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar


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This Day In History, January 21

763: The Battle of Bakhamra during the Alid Revolt (an uprising by the Hasanid tribe of the Alids against the governing Abbasid Caliphate) between Alids and Abbasids near Kufa ended in an Abbasid victory.

1189: The Third Crusade began with the united military forces of King Henry II of England, King Philip II of France, and the "Holy Roman" Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. Also known as the King's Crusade (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1356: King Edward de Balliol vacated his throne to Edward III of England after his authority over Scotland declined in favor of the supporters of King David II.

1525: The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was founded when Felix Manz, Conrad Grebel, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zurich (see Anabaptists).

1542: The Bill of Attainer was passed by Parliament against Queen Katherine Howard.

1549: The first (of four in total) British Acts of Uniformity were passed by Parliament, requiring the Anglican Church to use the Book of Common Prayer (later called the First Prayer Book).

1604: Tsar Ivan IV defeated the False Dimitri, who claimed to be the true tsar ("tsar" is the Russian version of "caesar").

1790: Joseph Guillotine invented a new beheading machine (called the "guillotine" after its inventor) for "painless" executions.

1793: King Louis XVI of France, who ruled from 1774 to 3 years after the revolution of 1789, was executed for treason. He was decapitated with the newly-invented guillotine.

1924: Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin died of a stroke at age 54.

1936: After the death of his father King George V, Edward VIII became king. He resigned the throne later that year to marry Wallis Simpson, a twice-divorced US woman. Edward was succeeded by George VI, the father of Queen Elizabeth II.

1942: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel (the "Desert Fox") mounted a counter attack against British forces in North Africa.

1959: Hollywood movie maker Cecil de Mille died. He is most famous for his film The Ten Commandments.

1965: The Prime Minister of Persia (known today as Iran; see also Ancient Empires - Persia), Hassan Ali Mansur, was assassinated.

1976: The supersonic Concorde airliner made its first commercial flights. Two of the aircraft flew from London to Bahrain and Paris to Rio de Janeiro.

1977: Almost all Vietnam War draft evaders were pardoned by President Jimmy Carter.

1984: Britain's first "test-tube" triplets (two boys and a girl) were born in London.





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