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Saturday, January 26 2013
1 Kings: From Empire To Divided Kingdom
The Kingdom Of Israel was united from the time that David emerged victorious from the civil war against Saul (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Civil War).
"5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
The Book of 1 Samuel documents the lifetime of the prophet Samuel, while the Book of 2 Samuel (they were originally written as a single scroll) documents the reign of King David - who Samuel anointed as king, according the LORD's command (see 1 Samuel: From Judges To Kings and 2 Samuel: The Kingdom Of David).
"16:11 And Samuel said unto Jesse [see Jesse The Bethlehemite], Are here all thy children?
The united Kingdom of Israel reached its greatest-ever territorial extent during the reign of King David. That empire, that David acquired through military means, was inherited by his son and royal successor Solomon - who greatly profited from the commerce and tribute from the client kingdoms. Solomon was not a man of war, but a man of great wisdom - in his youth. As he grew old however, Solomon became a decadent idol worshipper. The Book of 1 Kings records how Solomon was given everything, an empire, great wisdom, but he threw it all away to become corrupt to the LORD.
"11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; 11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, Ye shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods: Solomon clave unto these in love. 11:3 And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines: and his wives turned away his heart. 11:4 For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his God, as was the heart of David his father. 11:5 For Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, and after Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites. 11:6 And Solomon did evil in the sight of the LORD, and went not fully after the LORD, as did David his father.
The LORD declared that Israel would be taken from Solomon's royal line, but that the Messianic line through Judah would remain.
"11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant. 11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father's sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son. 11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake which I have chosen." (1 Kings 11:11-13 KJV)
As stated by the LORD, the division of Israel and Judah occurred in the time of Solomon's son, Rehoboam. The Books of 1 and 2 Kings are thereafter about the kings of two separate kingdoms - "Israel" and "Judah."
"12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day. 12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions. 12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
The Chapters Of The Book Of 1 Kings
Fact Finder: Did the division of Israel into "Israel" and "Judah" make any difference to the Messianic line through Judah?
This Day In History, January 26
66: The comet later known in the modern day as Halley's Comet (named after English astronomer Edmond Halley, 1656-1742) made its fifth perihelion (the point of an orbit that an object is closest to the sun) transit on record.
1340: England's King Edward III was proclaimed king of France.
1500: Spanish explorer Vicente Pinzon discovered Brazil (for Europeans, that is; as was the case for all "new world" discoveries, the native people who were already there needed no "discovery").
1531: A powerful earthquake killed 30,000 people near Lisbon, Portugal.
1564: Church of Rome Pope Pius IV issued his Benedictus Deus at the Council of Trent. Included in the decree was an Index of Prohibited Books, a listing of unapproved authors and their publications.
1699: The Peace of Karlowitz ended the war between Turkey (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) and Austria.
1788: The first settlers from England, including a group of exiled convicts, arrived at Sydney, Australia.
1841: A few days after China conceded the island to Britain, the British flag was raised on Hong Kong.
1891: German engineer Nikolaus Otto died. He was a prime developer of the four-stroke internal combustion engine that was to power the automobile.
1905: The world's largest diamond, weighing over 3,106 carats, was discovered near Pretoria, South Africa. It became known as the Cullinan diamond.
1924: The Russian city of Petrograd was renamed Leningrad.
1926: Television was first publicly demonstrated.
1934: Germany signed a 10-year non-aggression pact with Poland. It ended with the German invasion of Poland a little over 5 years later (in September of 1939) which began the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1950: India became an independent republic with Jawarhalal Nehru as Prime Minister.
1980: Israel and Egypt established diplomatic relations.
1992: Russian leader Boris Yeltsin announced that Russia would cease routinely targeting U.S. cities with nuclear weapons.
1998: During a nationally-televised Presidential address, Bill Clinton denied having had "sexual relations" with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
2001: Over 20,000 people were killed by an earthquake in Gujarat, India.