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Tuesday, January 29 2013

2 Chronicles: Judah From Solomon To Babylon

The Book of 2 Chronicles is a history of the kingdom of Judah from the time of King Solomon, when the nation was at its peak, to the time that it had slid into the depths of defeat and exile. The fall happened because they refused to repent of their self-righteousness and idolatry, both of which are idolatry; one involves bowing before lifeless images and statues, the other involves bowing before one's self.

Jerusalem In The Time Of Solomon The Book begins with Solomon as a wise and righteous youth who built the Temple of the LORD (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple). When all of the work was done, the LORD (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God) appeared to Solomon with a promise, and a warning.

"7:15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer [see also How To Pray] that is made in this place. 7:16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.

7:17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me [see Who Lights Your Walk?], as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; 7:18 Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel.

7:19 But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments [see The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God], which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 7:20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. 7:21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 7:22 And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them." (2 Chronicles 7:15-22 KJV)

As he grew older, Solomon squandered his wisdom, first on carnal and philosophical pursuits, then on degenerate idolatry. As the LORD declared, the kingdom would therefore be divided, leaving only the Messianic line of Judah, from which King David was born, and the tribe of Benjamin, from which Israel's first king, Saul, was born (the tribal territory of Judah bordered Jerusalem from the south, while the tribal territory of Benjamin bordered Jerusalem from the north). Rehoboam (see Rehoboam Of Israel And Judah) at first tried to reunite the kingdom by force, but the LORD stopped him.

"11:1 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.

11:2 But the word of the LORD [see also What Does Word of God Mean To You?] came to Shemaiah the man of God, saying, 11:3 Speak unto Rehoboam the son of Solomon, king of Judah, and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, saying, 11:4 Thus saith the LORD, Ye shall not go up, nor fight against your brethren: return every man to his house: for this thing is done of me. And they obeyed the words of the LORD, and returned from going against Jeroboam." (2 Chronicles 11:1-4 KJV)

Jeremiah lamenting over the destruction of Jerusalem The Book of 2 Chronicles from then on is a history of Judah's kings (see Kings of Israel and Judah), some relatively good, some horrendously evil, but with a decline in morality and righteous character that made their national fall inevitable. The LORD sent His prophets (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Prophets) to warn them, but eventually the prophets were not only ignored, they were threatened and abused (e.g. Jeremiah dropped into a well and left to die; see The Prophets: Jeremiah). By 586 BC, it was over, until the return of the kingdom of Judah seventy years later, by the children and grandchildren of the original exiles. Paradoxically, they were returning home to a place that they had never been before (see the Fact Finder question below).

"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:

36:16 But they mocked the messengers of God [see The Mocker's Folly], and despised his words, and misused his prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against his people, till there was no remedy.

36:17 Therefore he brought upon them the king of the Chaldees, who slew their young men with the sword in the house of their sanctuary, and had no compassion upon young man or maiden, old man, or him that stooped for age: he gave them all into his hand.

36:18 And all the vessels of the house of God, great and small, and the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king, and of his princes; all these he brought to Babylon [see The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today]. 36:19 And they burnt the house of God, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem, and burnt all the palaces thereof with fire, and destroyed all the goodly vessels thereof.

36:20 And them that had escaped from the sword carried he away to Babylon; where they were servants to him and his sons until the reign of the kingdom of Persia [see Israel In History and Prophecy: Babylon and Persia}: 36:21 To fulfil the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed her sabbaths: for as long as she lay desolate she kept sabbath, to fulfil threescore and ten years.

36:22 Now in the first year of Cyrus king of Persia, that the word of the LORD spoken by the mouth of Jeremiah might be accomplished, the LORD stirred up the spirit of Cyrus king of Persia, that he made a proclamation throughout all his kingdom, and put it also in writing, saying,

36:23 Thus saith Cyrus king of Persia, All the kingdoms of the earth hath the LORD God of heaven given me; and he hath charged me to build him an house in Jerusalem, which is in Judah. Who is there among you of all his people? The LORD his God be with him, and let him go up." (2 Chronicles 36:15-23 KJV)

The Chapters Of The Book Of 2 Chronicles

Chapter 1: Solomon's Wisdom In His Youth

Israel In History and Prophecy: Solomon

Chapter 2: Preparations For Building The Temple

The Temple Cedar

Chapter 3: Solomon Builds The Temple

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple

Chapter 4: The Temple Vessels

The Temple Vessel Prophecies Today

Chapter 5: The Ark Placed In The Temple

The Holy Place In History And Prophecy

Chapter 6: Solomon Dedicates The Temple

The King's Dedication

Chapter 7: The LORD Appears To Solomon

The Kingdom Of The LORD God

Chapter 8: Solomon's Wisdom

Christian Wisdom

Chapter 9: The Queen Of Sheba Visits Solomon

The Queen Of Sheba Prophecies

Chapter 10: Israel Rebels Against Rehoboam

Rehoboam Of Israel And Judah

1 Kings: From Empire To Divided Kingdom

Chapter 11: Israel Becomes "Israel" and "Judah"

Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah

Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes

Chapter 12: Shishak Attacks Jerusalem

The Pharaoh's Chariots

Chapter 13: Abijah

Abijah Of Judah

Chapter 14: Asa

Asa Of Judah

Chapter 15: Asa's Reforms

The Temple Heart Prophecy

Chapter 16: Asa Buried In The City Of David

A History Of Jerusalem: The City Of David

Chapter 17: Jehoshaphat

Jehoshaphat Of Judah

Chapter 18: Jehoshaphat and Ahab

Ahab Of Israel

Chapter 19: Jehoshaphat Appoints Judges

Israel In History and Prophecy: Law Of The LORD

Chapter 20: Jehoshaphat's War With Ammon and Moab

The Battles For Quiet Waters

Chapter 21: Jehoram

Jehoram Of Judah

Chapter 22: Ahaziah, Athaliah

Ahaziah Of Judah

Athaliah Of Judah

Chapter 23: Joash

Joash Of Judah

Chapter 24: Joash Becomes Wicked

What Does Wicked Mean?

Chapter 25: Amaziah

Amaziah Of Judah

Chapter 26: Uzziah

Uzziah / Azariah Of Judah

Chapter 27: Jotham

Jotham Of Judah

Chapter 28: Ahaz

Ahaz Of Judah

Chapter 29: Hezekiah

Hezekiah Of Judah

Chapter 30: Hezekiah Celebrates The Passover

Israel In History and Prophecy: Passover

Chapter 31: The Levite Service

Levites

No Levites In The Lost Ten Tribes?

Chapter 32: Sennacherib Threatens Jerusalem

Sennacherib In History And Prophecy

Chapter 33: Manasseh, Amon

Manasseh Of Judah

Amon Of Judah

Chapter 34: Josiah

Josiah of Judah

Chapter 35: Hilkiah

When The Temple Was A Tomb

Chapter 36: Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, Zedekiah, The Fall Of Judah

Shallum / Jehoahaz Of Judah

Jehoiakim Of Judah

Jehoiachin Of Judah

Zedekiah Of Judah

Israel In History and Prophecy: Back To Babylon

Fact Finder: When and why did the people of Judah return from their Babylonian exile?
See Jeremiah's Letter To Babylon and A History Of Jerusalem: Ezra And Nehemiah


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This Day In History, January 29

1613: Italian scientist Galileo Galiei observed the planet, later to be called "Neptune" (many scientists who reject "religion" nevertheless hypocritically name many discoveries and space exploration programs of the heavens after pagan "gods") without realizing that it was an "undiscovered" planet. A German, Johann Galle, is credited with the planet's discovery in 1846, over 2 centuries after Galileo.

1635: The Academie Francaise was founded. It became one of the most famous European literary societies.

1676: Feodor III became Tsar of Russia.

1730: Peter II, Czar of Russia (czar is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser), died of smallpox on the day set for his wedding.

1820: King George III of England died at age 81. It was during his reign (1760-1820) that the revolution of the New England colonies, that were created by English investment and pioneers out of the uninhabited and undeveloped wilderness over the previous two centuries, occurred. Not all of the people of New England were revolutionaries. Those who did not participate in the insurrection, about 1/4 of the New England population (most born in New England), thereafter known as Loyalists, immigrated to England or Canada. Most of the Loyalists were successful businessmen, conservative working men and tradesmen, educators, or members of local Militias who did not desert or mutiny at the start of the rebellion.

1829: Montreal's McGill University was established.

1856: Britain's highest military honor, the Victoria Cross, named after Queen Victoria, was established.

1886: In Germany, Karl Benz received a patent for the first gasoline-powered automobile.

1891: Liliuokalani was proclaimed Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

1916: During the First World War (listen to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire and The European World Wars), German Zeppelins began bombing Paris.

1916: Military tanks entered battle for first time, by the British, during the First World War.

1922: The political union of Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Honduras ended.

1968: The ice cap of Antarctic was penetrated for the first time. Rock was encountered at a depth of about 2 kilometers.

1991: Iraqi forces attacked the Saudi Arabian town of Kafji.

1996: Venice's opera house, fatefully named La Fenice or "The Phoenix," was destroyed by fire.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank