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Tuesday, January 29 2013
2 Chronicles: Judah From Solomon To Babylon
The Book of 2 Chronicles is a history of the kingdom of Judah from the time of King Solomon, when the nation was at its peak, to the time that it had slid into the depths of defeat and exile. The fall happened because they refused to repent of their self-righteousness and idolatry, both of which are idolatry; one involves bowing before lifeless images and statues, the other involves bowing before one's self.
The Book begins with Solomon as a wise and righteous youth who built the Temple of the LORD (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Temple). When all of the work was done, the LORD (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God) appeared to Solomon with a promise, and a warning.
"7:15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer [see also How To Pray] that is made in this place. 7:16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually.
As he grew older, Solomon squandered his wisdom, first on carnal and philosophical pursuits, then on degenerate idolatry. As the LORD declared, the kingdom would therefore be divided, leaving only the Messianic line of Judah, from which King David was born, and the tribe of Benjamin, from which Israel's first king, Saul, was born (the tribal territory of Judah bordered Jerusalem from the south, while the tribal territory of Benjamin bordered Jerusalem from the north). Rehoboam (see Rehoboam Of Israel And Judah) at first tried to reunite the kingdom by force, but the LORD stopped him.
"11:1 And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.
The Book of 2 Chronicles from then on is a history of Judah's kings (see Kings of Israel and Judah), some relatively good, some horrendously evil, but with a decline in morality and righteous character that made their national fall inevitable. The LORD sent His prophets (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Prophets) to warn them, but eventually the prophets were not only ignored, they were threatened and abused (e.g. Jeremiah dropped into a well and left to die; see The Prophets: Jeremiah). By 586 BC, it was over, until the return of the kingdom of Judah seventy years later, by the children and grandchildren of the original exiles. Paradoxically, they were returning home to a place that they had never been before (see the Fact Finder question below).
"36:15 And the LORD God of their fathers sent to them by his messengers, rising up betimes, and sending; because he had compassion on his people, and on his dwelling place:
The Chapters Of The Book Of 2 Chronicles
This Day In History, January 29
1613: Italian scientist Galileo Galiei observed the planet, later to be called "Neptune" (many scientists who reject "religion" nevertheless hypocritically name many discoveries and space exploration programs of the heavens after pagan "gods") without realizing that it was an "undiscovered" planet. A German, Johann Galle, is credited with the planet's discovery in 1846, over 2 centuries after Galileo.
1635: The Academie Francaise was founded. It became one of the most famous European literary societies.
1676: Feodor III became Tsar of Russia.
1730: Peter II, Czar of Russia (czar is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser), died of smallpox on the day set for his wedding.
1820: King George III of England died at age 81. It was during his reign (1760-1820) that the revolution of the New England colonies, that were created by English investment and pioneers out of the uninhabited and undeveloped wilderness over the previous two centuries, occurred. Not all of the people of New England were revolutionaries. Those who did not participate in the insurrection, about 1/4 of the New England population (most born in New England), thereafter known as Loyalists, immigrated to England or Canada. Most of the Loyalists were successful businessmen, conservative working men and tradesmen, educators, or members of local Militias who did not desert or mutiny at the start of the rebellion.
1829: Montreal's McGill University was established.
1856: Britain's highest military honor, the Victoria Cross, named after Queen Victoria, was established.
1886: In Germany, Karl Benz received a patent for the first gasoline-powered automobile.
1891: Liliuokalani was proclaimed Queen of the Kingdom of Hawaii.
1916: Military tanks entered battle for first time, by the British, during the First World War.
1922: The political union of Guatemala, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Honduras ended.
1968: The ice cap of Antarctic was penetrated for the first time. Rock was encountered at a depth of about 2 kilometers.
1991: Iraqi forces attacked the Saudi Arabian town of Kafji.
1996: Venice's opera house, fatefully named La Fenice or "The Phoenix," was destroyed by fire.