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Friday, March 15 2013
James: To The Twelve Tribes Which Are Scattered Abroad
In Bible history, there were at least three prominent men named James (the English form of Jacob) in the New Testament record. Historians debate which of them was the author of the epistle of James:
The apostle James (one of the first four of the Twelve), the brother of John. He was killed by Herod not long after the Crucifixion of the Messiah, and well before, it would seem, the epistle was written - making that James the least likely possibility.
"4:18 And Jesus, walking by the sea of Galilee, saw two brethren, Simon called Peter, and Andrew his brother, casting a net into the sea: for they were fishers. 4:19 And he saith unto them, Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men. 4:20 And they straightway left their nets, and followed him. 4:21 And going on from thence, he saw other two brethren, James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother [see also The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth], in a ship with Zebedee their father, mending their nets; and he called them." (Matthew 4:18-21 KJV)
The apostle James (another of the Twelve), the son of Alphaeus:
"10:2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother [see also What Did Peter and John See That Others Didn't?]; 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 10:4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him." (Matthew 10:2-4 KJV)
James, one of the brothers of Jesus of Nazareth - who later grew to be a prominent servant of the Messiah in Jerusalem i.e. Paul's statement "other of the apostles saw I none, save James the LORD's brother."
"13:54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works? 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? 13:56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? [see The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth] Whence then hath this man all these things?" (Matthew 13:54-56 KJV)
While some have interpreted "to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad" to mean that the epistle was addressed the "lost ten tribes" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes) and the people of Judah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah), it seems obvious that he was addressing people who not only knew who they were, but moreover knew what they were - believers in the Messiah when He came.
"1:1 James, a servant of God and of the Lord Jesus Christ, to the twelve tribes which are scattered abroad, greeting.
James was specifically addressing converted Christians, referring to the "firstfruits" of salvation ("we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures") whose salvation will happen on the day of Christ's return (see The Harvest Prophecies and When And Where Your Eternal Life Will Begin). Unconverted people are not subject to temptation to fall away.
"1:12 Blessed is the man that endureth temptation: for when he is tried, he shall receive the crown of life, which the Lord hath promised to them that love him.
Unlike those who merely claim to be Christian, using Christ's Name to do as they please (see Will Jesus Christ Obey Your Christian Religion?), James warned "be ye doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving your own selves."
"1:19 Wherefore, my beloved brethren, let every man be swift to hear, slow to speak, slow to wrath: 1:20 For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. 1:21 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls.
Even devils have the impotent faith ("Thou believest that there is one God; thou doest well: the devils also believe, and tremble"; see also The Only Place That Denies God's Existence) of those who reject the LORD's command to actually and genuinely obey Him as a manifestion of faith i.e. being faithful to the LORD (see The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
"2:14 What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works? [see Works Means Obedience] can faith save him? 2:15 If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, 2:16 And one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed and filled; notwithstanding ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 2:17 Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone [see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners].
Right from the Garden of Eden when the first humans turned from the Word of God (see What Does Word of God Mean To You?) to the lies of the Devil, humanity has existed in a war of words, the Word of God verses Satan the accuser (Satan literally means accuser; see Sending Away The Escapades Goat).
"3:1 My brethren, be not many masters, knowing that we shall receive the greater condemnation. 3:2 For in many things we offend all. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body.
Conflict, between people, and hence between nations, results from the lust of malignant-minded humans to take what belongs to others - having a psychotic sensitivity for their own personal or national sovereignty, while hypocritically plundering everyone and everything else that they can. "Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God."
"4:1 From whence come wars and fightings among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members? 4:2 Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, because ye ask not. 4:3 Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts. 4:4 Ye adulterers and adulteresses, know ye not that the friendship of the world is enmity with God? whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God.
Studies For The Book Of James
Fact Finder: What is the "New Covenant"? Who did the LORD make the "New Covenant" with?
This Day In History, March 15
44 BC: Julius Caesar was assassinated (stabbed 23 times while entering the Roman Senate) by Senators led by Brutus (Marcus Junius Brutus) and Cassius (Gaius Cassius Longinus). The date has become known as the "Ides of March" (Latin Idus Martii). The term ides was used for the 15th day of the Roman months of March, May, July and October, and the 13th day of the other months (see The Politics Of Rome and A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).
351: Constantius II proclaimed his cousin Gallus to Emperor of the Eastern part of the then in-decline Roman Empire (see Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire).
493: Odoacer, the German conqueror of the West Roman empire, was assassinated by Theodoric, who split him in two from shoulder to waist with a broad sword.
933: Henry the Fowler defeated the raiding Magyars at Merseburg, Germany.
1341: During the Hundred Years War, an alliance was made between Roman Emperor Louis IV and King Philip VI of France.
1493: Christopher Columbus arrived back in Spain after his first voyage to the New World.
1545: The first session of the Council of Trent began.
1603: French explorer Samuel de Champlain set out on his first voyage to what is now eastern Canada. He established friendly relations with the natives and explored the St. Lawrence River to the rapids above Montreal. He returned several times, and was made the first governor of "New France" in 1632.
1744: During the War of the Austrian Succession, France declared war on England.
1827: The University of Toronto was chartered.
1888: The Anglo-Tibetan War of 1888 began.
1906: Rolls-Royce was incorporated.
1916: Woodrow Wilson sent 4,800 troops over the U.S.-Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.
1917: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated the Russian throne; his brother became then Tsar.
1922: After Egypt was granted independence from the United Kingdom (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate), the Sultan of Egypt assumed the title of King Fuad I.
1939: German troops occupied Czechoslovakia.
1957: Britain became the 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb.
1985: The first Internet domain name was registered (symbolics.com).
1990: Iraq executed, by hanging, a British-based journalist for London's Observer newspaper after being accused of espionage.
1991: 4 Los Angeles police were charged with beating Rodney King, an incident that set off major riots in the city.
1998: Edwin Shoemaker died at age 90. He was the inventor of the "La-Z-Boy" (plushly padded rocking and swivel) chair. He died in one while taking a nap.
2004: French President Jacques Chirac signed the law on (in English) "secularity and conspicuous religious symbols in schools," commonly known as the headscarf ban.