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Sunday, March 31 2013

What Did The Messiah Do After His Resurrection?

"He shewed Himself alive after His passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the Kingdom of God"

Nisan is the first month of the Biblical calendar (see The New Moon Calendar). The Messiah was crucified during the afternoon of Nisan 14 (a Wednesday that year). His Body was placed in the Tomb just before sunset as Nisan 15 was about to begin (Biblical days begin and end at sunset). The mandatory "three days and three nights" in the Tomb were fulfilled on Nisan 15, 16 and 17 (sunset Wednesday to sunset Saturday that year). The resurrection happened exactly 72 hours later, in the last minutes of Nisan 17 - the seventh day of the week. The empty tomb and the risen Messiah were discovered very early the next morning on Nisan 18, the first day of the week that year (see Nisan 18: I Ascend Unto My Father for a complete, hour by hour chronology of the Messiah's Crucifixion and Resurrection).

But what did the Messiah do from the time of His Resurrection until His Ascension forty days later?

As documented by the Holy Scriptures, the already-empty Tomb was discovered early on the first day of the week.

Tombs In The Rock

"20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre. 20:2 Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved [i.e. John; see also What Did Peter and John See That Others Didn't?], and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him.

20:3 Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the sepulchre. 20:4 So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and came first to the sepulchre. 20:5 And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in. 20:6 Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and seeth the linen clothes lie [see also The Linen Of The Saints], 20:7 And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself. 20:8 Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and he saw, and believed. 20:9 For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead." (John 20:1-9 KJV)

Mary of Magdala (Magdala was a fishing village on the west coast of the Sea of Galilee; the Messiah lived at Capernaum, a fishing village on the north coast of the Sea of Galilee; see also The Cities Of Lake Galilee) was the first human to see and speak with the resurrected Messiah.

"20:10 Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. 20:11 But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, 20:12 And seeth two angels in white sitting, the one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.

20:13 And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou?

She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid him. 20:14 And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus.

20:15 Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? whom seekest thou?

She, supposing him to be the gardener, saith unto him, Sir, if thou have borne him hence, tell me where thou hast laid him, and I will take him away.

20:16 Jesus saith unto her, Mary.

She turned herself, and saith unto him, Rabboni ["Rabboni" is the Aramaic form of the Hebrew "Rabbi"; see The Syrian Tongue Of Jesus]; which is to say, Master.

20:17 Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father [see Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath to understand why the Messiah said that, an why He said it on that particular day]: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. 20:18 Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that he had spoken these things unto her." (John 20:10-18 KJV)

Keeping in mind that Biblical days begin and end at sunset, as evening came to end the first day of the week, the Lamb of God appeared to the apostles (then still disciples, which means students) for the first time after His Resurrection.

Passover In Egypt

"20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. 20:20 And when he had so said, he shewed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.

20:21 Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. 20:22 And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: 20:23 Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained." (John 20:19-23 KJV)

Thomas was not yet present when the Messiah first appeared to the others. His first meeting with the Messiah came 8 days later.

"20:24 But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus, was not with them when Jesus came. 20:25 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord.

But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe.

20:26 And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. 20:27 Then saith he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger, and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it into my side: and be not faithless, but believing.

20:28 And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.

20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

20:30 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book: 20:31 But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name." (John 20:24-31 KJV)

Not long afterward, the apostles made their way home, north to Galilee. At least four of them were fishermen, so they returned to work to make a living. It was after an all-night fishing shift that the Messiah again appeared to them.

Dawn On The Sea Of Galilee

"21:1 After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise shewed he himself. 21:2 There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples. 21:3 Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.

21:4 But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.

21:5 Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat?

They answered him, No.

21:6 And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.

21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea. 21:8 And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes. 21:9 As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.

21:10 Jesus saith unto them, Bring of the fish which ye have now caught.

21:11 Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken. 21:12 Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord. 21:13 Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise. 21:14 This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead." (John 21:1-14 KJV)

Peter had courageously attempted to defend the Messiah from the mob that came to arrest Him, but when Jesus told him to stop, Peter did not understand. That confusion caused him to deny even knowing the Messiah after His arrest. The restoration of Peter's faith was confirmed that morning, along with a prophecy that, when his work was done, Peter would be martyred by crucifixion (see Why Was Peter Crucified?).

"21:15 So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these?

He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee.

He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

21:16 He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?

He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee.

He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.

21:17 He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me?

Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee.

Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep. 21:18 Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. 21:19 This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me." (John 21:15-19 KJV)

Peter and John had been very close, as fishermen in business, and then later in Jerusalem when their ministries began (i.e. see Acts 3:1-26 and Acts 4:1-31). After Jesus told Peter that he would be martyred, Peter asked about John. John's life would be longer, to care for Jesus' mother Mary, who was also John's aunt (see The Kinsfolk Of Jesus Of Nazareth), to minister to congregations that he worked to establish (see 1 John: 'If You Love The World, The Love Of God Is Not In You', 2 John: The Bride Of Christ and The Great Harlots and 3 John: Follow Not That Which Is Evil, But That Which Is Good), and then much later, to write the last book of the Bible, the Book of Revelation (see Revelation: Thy Kingdom Come).

Clouds

"21:20 Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee? 21:21 Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?

21:22 Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me. 21:23 Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?

21:24 This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.

21:25 And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen." (John 21:20-25 KJV)

Forty days after His resurrection, ten days before Pentecost (see Pentecost: Unto The Morrow After The Seventh Sabbath), the Messiah ascended to the Throne of God (see the Fact Finder question below).

"1:1 The former treatise have I made, O Theophilus, of all that Jesus began both to do and teach, 1:2 Until the day in which he was taken up, after that he through the Holy Ghost had given commandments unto the apostles whom he had chosen: 1:3 To whom also he shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs, being seen of them forty days, and speaking of the things pertaining to the kingdom of God: 1:4 And, being assembled together with them, commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem, but wait for the promise of the Father, which, saith he, ye have heard of me. 1:5 For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.

1:6 When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Lord, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel?

1:7 And he said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in his own power. 1:8 But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.

1:9 And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight.

1:10 And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; 1:11 Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven." (Acts 1:1-11 KJV)

Fact Finder: What did the Messiah do when He arrived in heaven?
See What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?


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This Day In History, March 31

307: After divorcing Minervina, Roman Emperor Constantine (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) married Fausta, the daughter of the former Roman Emperor Maximian.

1084: Clement III, who was elected antipope (see Antipopes) in 1080, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (see Emperors and Popes).

1492: In the same year that they employed Christopher Columbus to explore the "new world" (see Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy a map of the four voyages of Columbus) King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain (their youngest daughter, Catherine of Aragon was the first wife of King Henry VIII of England; their divorce eventually resulted in Henry breaking away from the Church of Rome and creating his own Church of England) began enforcing their Edict of Expulsion. All Jews in Spain who would not accept immediate conversion to Roman Catholicism were to be physically put out of the country. About 100,000 trudged across the frontier into Portugal, where they were in turn expelled 4 years later; 50,000 went across the straits into North Africa, or by ship to Turkey. About 50,000 chose to become Catholics and remain, including the senior rabbi and most of the leading families. By the end of July, the expulsion of those who would not convert was an accomplished fact. The destruction of Spanish Jewry is considered by some to be the most momentous event in Jewish history since the mid-second century A.D.

1889: The Eiffel Tower in Paris was opened.

1854: The Treaty of Kanagawa was signed between the U.S. and Japan. Signed under an offshore show of threatening U.S. naval force commanded by Admiral William Perry, it opened Japan-U.S. trade.

1889: The Eiffel Tower in Paris was officially opened to the public.

1909: Construction of RMS Titanic began at the Harland and Wolff shipyards in Belfast. The "unsinkable" ocean liner sank on its first voyage, less than three hours after scraping an iceberg in the North Atlantic.

1917: The U.S. purchased some of the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.

1939: All fighting ceased in the three year Spanish Civil War, completing a victory by Fascist forces, who were assisted by German pilots, more than 50,000 Italian troops and other pro-Fascist volunteers against Spanish republicans. The Second World War began a few months later, in September, when Germany invaded Poland.

1949: The British colony of Newfoundland joined Canada as the 10th province.

1949: Winston Churchill said that the atomic bomb was the only thing that kept the Soviet Union from taking over Europe.

1954: The Soviet Union offered to join NATO.

1966: The Soviet Union launched Luna 10. It became the first space vehicle to orbit the Moon.

1971: Lt. William Calley was sentenced to life imprisonment (later reduced to 20 years, of which he actually served almost nothing before being quietly released) for the My-Lai massacre of 500 women and children in Vietnam.

1979: The military relationship between Britain and Malta ended after 181 years with the departure of the destroyer HMS London from Valetta Harbor.

1991: The Warsaw Pact formally ceased to exist.





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