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Monday, April 29 2013

The Only Child Of The Garden

"But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day"

The Holy Scriptures, from Genesis to Revelation, use "day" to describe a 24-hour period from sunset to sunset, as well as a specific era of time. Examples of each:

"7:13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark [see also How Did The Flood Happen?]" (Genesis 7:13 KJV)

"14:9 And the LORD shall be king over all the earth: in that day shall there be one LORD, and his name one [see also What Is The Day Of The LORD? and The Kingdom Of The LORD God]." (Zechariah 14:9 KJV)

There is also of course the matter of how God views physical time:

The Garden Of Eden

"3:8 But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day." (2 Peter 3:8 KJV)

The first chapter of Genesis provides a macro ("very large in scale, scope or capability") account of the entire Creation, including the first humans who were both created on the sixth "day."

"1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed [see also Seed-Bearing Plants: For Food Or For Folly?], which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day." (Genesis 1:24-31 KJV)

Separately, and each in their own way, Adam and Eve were the only child of the Garden. Adam was created before the Garden was made; he was thereafter put there "all alone." His being alone was the reason that the LORD God created the woman - who was the first and only child who began life in the Garden. Adam was created outside of the Garden. Eve's children were born outside of the Garden.

The Garden Of Eden If, in reference to the creation of the first two humans, the days of Creation were literal 24-hour days, Adam was created, the Garden was then made, Adam was put in the Garden, and Eve was then created from Adam - all in the same day, as we read here. There is nothing written in Genesis chapter 2 that precludes a 24-hour day - it fits and correlates perfectly with the account in chapter 1. But neither does it preclude a slightly longer time period, or "day" (as the Scriptures consistently use, as shown in the examples above).

"2:4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens, 2:5 And every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground.

2:6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the whole face of the ground.

2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul [see Dust and Ashes, What Makes Physical Life Possible? and What Does The Bible Really Say About Your Soul?].

2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the man whom he had formed.

2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil.

2:10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. 2:11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 2:12 And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone. 2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia. 2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is Euphrates.

2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it. 2:16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.

2:19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that was the name thereof.

2:20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found an help meet for him.

2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought her unto the man.

2:23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.

2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. 2:25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed." (Genesis 2:4-25 KJV)

When the first humans chose to become sinners (see Grace In The Garden), they were put out of the Garden in Eden, never to return. Their children were born outside of the Garden. The first coveting and theft occurred in the Garden. The first murder occurred outside of the Garden.

Cain and Abel

"4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of sheep, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.

4:3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. And the LORD had respect unto Abel and to his offering: 4:5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.

4:6 And the LORD said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? and why is thy countenance fallen? 4:7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be accepted? and if thou doest not well, sin lieth at the door. And unto thee shall be his desire, and thou shalt rule over him.

4:8 And Cain talked with Abel his brother: and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him.

4:9 And the LORD said unto Cain, Where is Abel thy brother?

And he said, I know not: Am I my brother's keeper?

4:10 And he said, What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me from the ground. 4:11 And now art thou cursed from the earth, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother's blood from thy hand; 4:12 When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth.

4:13 And Cain said unto the LORD, My punishment is greater than I can bear. 4:14 Behold, thou hast driven me out this day from the face of the earth; and from thy face shall I be hid; and I shall be a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth; and it shall come to pass, that every one that findeth me shall slay me.

4:15 And the LORD said unto him, Therefore whosoever slayeth Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold. And the LORD set a mark upon Cain, lest any finding him should kill him. 4:16 And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden.

4:17 And Cain knew his wife; and she conceived, and bare Enoch: and he builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch. 4:18 And unto Enoch was born Irad: and Irad begat Mehujael: and Mehujael begat Methusael: and Methusael begat Lamech.

4:19 And Lamech took unto him two wives: the name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah. 4:20 And Adah bare Jabal: he was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of such as have cattle. 4:21 And his brother's name was Jubal: he was the father of all such as handle the harp and organ. 4:22 And Zillah, she also bare Tubalcain, an instructer of every artificer in brass and iron: and the sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

4:23 And Lamech said unto his wives, Adah and Zillah, Hear my voice; ye wives of Lamech, hearken unto my speech: for I have slain a man to my wounding, and a young man to my hurt. 4:24 If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold.

4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bare a son, and called his name Seth: For God, said she, hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel, whom Cain slew. 4:26 And to Seth, to him also there was born a son; and he called his name Enos: then began men to call upon the name of the LORD." (Genesis 4:1-26 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did Adam and Eve together commit the same first sin, but each in their own way?
see How Did Adam And Eve Sin Differently?


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This Day In History, April 29

711: During the Islamic conquest of Hispania, Moorish troops under Tariq ibn-Ziyad invaded Gibraltar (the "Crusades" were a centuries-long struggle between the followers of the Church of Rome and the followers of Muhammad; see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

1289: Qala'un, the Sultan of Egypt, captured Tripoli.

1429: The fabled "Joan of Arc" entered Orleans, seven months into the siege of the city in the Hundred Years War.

1483: Gran Canaria, the main island of the Canary Islands, was conquered by the Kingdom of Castile.

1587: English warships under English explorer and naval commander Francis Drake sank at least 23 ships of the Spanish fleet in the Bay of Cádiz. The action became known as "Singeing the King of Spain's Beard."

Sir Francis Drake 1607: The first Anglican church in the New England colonies was established at Cape Henry, Virginia.

1628: Sweden and Denmark concluded a treaty for the defense of Stralsund, which brought Sweden into the Thirty Years War.

1661: The Chinese Ming dynasty occupied Taiwan.

1672: During the Franco-Dutch War, Louis XIV of France invaded the Netherlands.

1770: English explorer and naval commander James Cook arrived at and named Botany Bay, Australia.

1781: During the New England Revolutionary War, British and French ships clashed in the Battle of Fort Royal off the coast of Martinique. France supported the rebellion for the sole purpose of severing Britain's military connection to New England, which strengthened the military position of France's own colonies in North America (in Lousiana and eastern Canada). While France supported the New England rebellion, it tolerated no "freedom" or independence in any of their own colonies.

1813: Rubber was patented.

1852: The first edition of Peter Roget's Thesaurus was published.

1858: Austrian troops invaded Piedmont.

1881: State-incited pogroms against Jews in Russia began, resulting in major flight of Jews from Russia westwards. Some consider this date in Jewish history to be the most important since the Jewish expulsion from Spain in 1492. Of those emigrants, over 2,000,000 went to the U.S. alone, creating a powerful presence of Jews in the U.S. (New York City is today the largest Jewish-population city on earth).

1913: The "zipper" was patented by Swedish engineer Gideon Sundback as a "separable fastener."

1916: After a siege of 143 days, the British surrendered Kut-el-Amara to the Turks.

1945: Closing events of the Second World War in Europe: the German army surrendered; Venice and Mestre were captured by the Allies; in Berlin, Adolf Hitler married his mistress Eva Braun just hours before they committed suicide (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).

1946: 28 former Japanese leaders were indicted by U.S. occupation forces in Tokyo for war crimes (that included the "water boarding" torture of prisoners) during the Second World War. Some were later executed.

1965: The Australian government announced that it would send troops to Vietnam.

1965: Malta became the 18th member of the Council of Europe.

1967: After refusing induction into the United States Army the day before (citing Muslim religious reasons), Muhammad Ali was stripped of his championship boxing title.

1972: In Burundi, the deposed King Ntare V was killed in an abortive coup.

1973: In a futile attempt to stop the Watergate criminal investigation from reaching him, President Richard Nixon requested resignations of two of his top political associates, H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman.

1975: At the end of the Vietnam War (a civil war between North and South that began when the border was imposed by France in the 1940s), the U.S. began evacuating U.S. citizens from Saigon prior to the North Vietnamese takeover and victory that brought about the re-unification of Vietnam as it had existed for centuries before French and U.S. interference.

1981: In England, Peter Sutcliffe admitted that he was the "Yorkshire Ripper."

1986: A fire at Los Angeles Public Library damaged or destroyed 400,000 books.

1992: Riots began in Los Angeles, California, after the acquittal of police officers charged with the beating of Rodney King. Over the next week, 53 people are killed and hundreds of buildings were burned.

2005: Syrian troops left Lebanon after 29 years of occupation.

2011: Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Kate Middleton were married.





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