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Thursday, May 2 2013
How Many Pages Did The First Bibles Have?
"All the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book"
The English word "scroll" originated from an Old French word, eskrol, or escrou, that meant a register (The Consolidated Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary) i.e. "an official written record of names or events or transactions" (the WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University). The fact that it was written on a "scroll" was an obvious point because "books" of bound pages (an invention of European printers) didn't yet exist. The English word "escrow," referring to "a written agreement, or property or money, delivered to a third party or put in trust by one party to a contract to be returned after fulfillment of some condition" originated from the same word as "scroll."
The Hebrew word pronounced say-fer meant an official writing (noun) i.e. a record, or a register. It's that word that was the basis of the words scroll and scriptures. How then did "scroll" come to be called "Bible"?
Byblos was the Greek-language name for Gebal, an ancient seaport in Lebanon. It was a major manufacturer and exporter of papyrus, a tall reed-like plant that grows in swamps and along rivers, that was used to make the writing material for scrolls. The English word Bible and book are derived from Byblos, meaning the papyrus i.e. the paper, or the book. It's for that reason that, for example, the King James Version uses the word "book" to translate the Hebrew word that was referring to a scroll (i.e. a scripture roll). The King James Version itself explains that it is referring to a rolled scroll for "book" i.e. "a roll of a book" - the first "Bibles" had just one rolled "page."
"36:4 Then Jeremiah [see also Jeremiah: The Prophet's Conception] called Baruch the son of Neriah: and Baruch wrote from the mouth of Jeremiah all the words of the LORD, which he had spoken unto him, upon a roll of a book. 36:5 And Jeremiah commanded Baruch, saying, I am shut up; I cannot go into the house of the LORD: 36:6 Therefore go thou, and read in the roll, which thou hast written from my mouth, the words of the LORD in the ears of the people in the LORD'S house upon the fasting day: and also thou shalt read them in the ears of all Judah that come out of their cities. 36:7 It may be they will present their supplication before the LORD, and will return every one from his evil way: for great is the anger and the fury that the LORD hath pronounced against this people.
The origin of humanity was recorded on a scroll (see also Genesis: In The Beginning).
"5:1 This is the book of the generations of Adam.
The first Christian Church (see Leviticus: The Prophecies Of Christianity and What Does Word of God Mean To You?) was given the Word of the LORD God (i.e. the Word of Christ; see 'Before Abraham Was, I AM') on a scroll i.e. their "Bible."
"24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient." (Exodus 24:7 KJV)
Rulers were to have their own personal copy of the Bible - and to read it every day of their lives (see The Rules Of Rulers).
"17:18 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of that which is before the priests the Levites: 17:19 And it shall be with him, and he shall read therein all the days of his life: that he may learn to fear the LORD his God, to keep all the words of this law and these statutes, to do them" (Deuteronomy 17:18-19 KJV)
The original Scroll of the Word of the LORD was placed in the Ark of the Covenant along with the tables of stone. When the Ark of the Covenant is recovered (or rather, uncovered - see Raiders Of The Lost Ark), so too will be found the original "Bible."
"31:24 And it came to pass, when Moses [see also The Prophets: Moses] had made an end of writing the words of this law in a book, until they were finished, 31:25 That Moses commanded the Levites [see Are Levites 'Jews'?], which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, saying,
It was from the scrolls of the prophets that the Messiah was given to be known. The servants of the Messiah at the time of His coming weren't "liberals" who rebelled against what was written in the scrolls - they taught and fulfilled what was written in them.
"3:4 As it is written in the book of the words of Esaias the prophet [see What Did Isaiah Know About Jesus Christ?], saying, The voice of one crying in the wilderness [see What Was Strange About John The Baptist?], Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight. 3:5 Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways shall be made smooth; 3:6 And all flesh shall see the salvation of God." (Luke 3:4-6 KJV)
Jesus Christ participated in Sabbath services (see Do You Observe Christ's Sabbath Or Babylon's Sun Day?) by reading the Scrolls.
"4:14 And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee [see The Prophet Of Galilee]: and there went out a fame of him through all the region round about. 4:15 And he taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.
The "book of life" is mentioned in the "books" of Exodus and Revelation.
"32:33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book." (Exodus 32:33 KJV)
Fact Finder: What "Book" was given to the Messiah when He returned to heaven?
This Day In History, May 2
1194: King Richard I of England granted the city of Portsmouth, on the south coast of England, its first Royal Charter.
1230: William de Braose, of the Marcher Lords dynasty in Wales, was hanged by the Welsh Prince Llywelyn the Great.
1507: Two years after entering the Augustinian monastery at Erfurt, future German reformer, Martin Luther, 23, was consecrated as a Roman Catholic priest. Luther remained in the order until 1521, when he was excommunicated from the Church of Rome.
1519: Leonardo da Vinci, Italian sculptor, scientist and painter of the "Mona Lisa" and the "Last Supper," died at age 67.
1536: Anne Boleyn, the second wife of King Henry VIII of England, was arrested and imprisoned on charges of adultery, incest, treason and witchcraft.
1611: The King James Bible was published for the first time in London, England, by printer Robert Barker.
1668: The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle between France and the Triple Alliance (England, Sweden and the Dutch republic) ended the War of Devolution (1667-1668) which Louis XIV of France had initiated to advance his claims to the Spanish Netherlands.
1670: The Hudson's Bay Company was chartered. Two French explorers and traders, Pierre Esprit Radisson and Medard Chouart des Groseilliers, proposed the fur-trading company to England's Charles II and a group of English investors. The "governor and company of adventurers" of Hudson Bay received title to all land in western and northern Canada that drained into Hudson Bay.
1776: With the sole purpose of strengthening their own imperial empires (in North America and around the world) by challenging the British empire, France (which at the very same time occupied much of northeastern North America and the vast Louisiana territory to the south) and Spain (which at the very same time occupied what is today Florida and most of southwestern US) began supplying weapons to the rebels in the New England colonies that the British established in the uninhabited wilderness over a century earlier.
1808: The outbreak of the Peninsular War. The people of Madrid rebelled against French occupation. Francisco de Goya later memorialized the event in his painting The Second of May 1808.
1813: During the Leipzig campaign of the Napoleonic Wars, the French won the Battle of Lutzen.
1816: Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, the first king after Beligium, and Charlotte Augusta were married.
1885: The Congo Free State was established by King Leopold II of Belgium.
1918: General Motors purchased the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
1933: Adolf Hitler banned trade unions in Nazi Germany (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1941: After the coup against Crown Prince 'Abd al-Ilah of Iraq earlier that year, Britain began the Anglo-Iraqi War to restore him to power.
1945: The fall of Berlin at the end of the Second World War. The Soviet Union captured Berlin.
1951: The Council of Europe admitted Germany as a full member.
1952: The first scheduled jet airliner passenger service began with a British BOAC Comet that flew from London to Johannesburg, South Africa carrying 36 passengers.
1953: Jordan's King Hussein took the throne after his father, King Talal, was deposed. In Iraq, King Feisal II assumed power.
1965: The first communications satellite for relaying television pictures became operational.
1982: During the Falklands War, the British submarine HMS Conqueror sank the Argentine cruiser General Belgrano. The ship was previously the U.S. Navy USS Phoenix, that saw action in the Pacific during the Second World War, before it was sold to Argentina in 1951.
1989: Hungarian border guards started taking down the barbed wire along the Austrian-Hungarian frontier. It became the first breach in the "Iron Curtain" that ultimately led to the opening of the Berlin Wall 6 months later, on November 9.
2000: U.S. President Bill Clinton announced that GPS access would no longer be restricted to the U.S. military.
2004: The Yelwa massacre. 630 Muslims were killed by "Christians" in Nigeria.
2008: Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar (in southeastern Asia on the Bay of Bengal). Over 130,000 people were killed and millions were left homeless (a cyclone is a rapid inward circulation of air masses around a low-pressure center; circling counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern - a hurricane is a cyclone).