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Tuesday, May 28 2013
Israel's Wars In The Twentieth Century
The British Mandate and the Birth of Present-Day Israel
Israel was able to become an independent nation in 1948 because Britain successfully fought to free the land of Israel from over 400 years of occupation and rule by the Muslim Ottoman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate). The photograph shows the British Military Cemetery in Jerusalem in which the over 2,200 British troops, who died in that liberation of the land promised to the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in 1917, are buried.
The end of the British Mandate in 1948 coincided with the emergence of a powerful new benefactor for the people of Judah / Israel. The armament demands of the Second World War had turned the U.S. into a war-based nation and economy - what President Dwight Eisenhower called "the military-industrial complex."
Due to a providential combination of a strong Jewish political lobby in the U.S., and the U.S. Government's desire for a dependable (as in dependent - although many debate just which one is now actually making political and military decisions for the other, most of the time) forward base in the Middle East, plus the deep "evangelical" support of Israel, regardless of what Israel does or doesn't do, massive amounts of armaments have been provided by the U.S. to Israel, from 1948 to the present day, subsidized and paid for by the U.S. taxpayer.
In the 1960s, Israel became the only nuclear-armed nation in the Middle East; their nuclear arsenal of an estimated 200 to 400 weapons of mass destruction are now in the air and at sea at all times. If Israel were ever to lose their country to an invader or aggressor, the invader or aggressor's own country would cease to exist also.
Beginning with the War of Independence, the people of Judah / Israel have fought nearly endless (and often even overlapping) wars. While many generally regard Israel to have fought "only" seven major wars since 1948, the list is actually much more lengthy, with a horrendous toll on the nation and its relatively small population - while accounts and official estimates vary, Israel has suffered over 20,000 troops killed and 75,000 wounded since 1948.
Israel's Wars Since 1948
A partial list of the wars that Israel has known since the World War Two era:
Israeli War of Independence
Fact Finder: How is the nation of "Israel" today actually "Judah"?
This Day In History, May 28
585 BC: The "Battle of the Eclipse" outside of Sardis in western Turkey; the sight of a solar eclipse, as predicted by the Greek scientist Thales, caused a truce to be called between Alyattes and Cyaxares (see also A History Of Jerusalem: Greeks, Ptolemies, Seleucids).
1156: William of Sicily put down a revolt against his rule, defeating the Byzantine fleet at Brindisi.
1503: James IV of Scotland married Margaret Tudor according to a Papal Bull ("bulletin") issued by Pope Alexander VI.
1533: Thomas Cranmer, the Archbishop of Canterbury (who had been appointed to the position after being the Boleyn family's pastor), declared the marriage of King Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn to be valid, contrary to the decree of Pope Clement VII.
1859: The bell known as "Big Ben" was transported on a carriage, pulled by 16 horses, from the Whitechapel Bell Foundry to Westminster.
1588: In an attempt to return England to Papal authority, the Spanish Armada, with 130 ships and 30,000 troops, left Lisbon (the Armada was destroyed at sea by the Royal Navy).
1898: In Italy, The Shroud of Turin was first photographed in Turin's Cathedral, where it had been housed for 320 years.
1934: The Dionne quintuplets (Cecile, Annette, Yvonne, Emilie, Marie) were born in Callender, Ontario. They became the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
1940: The evacuation of the Allied armies from Dunkirk began. By its completion on the night of June 2, a total of 224,585 British and 112,546 French and Belgian troops had been saved from death or capture. In a speech directed at Adolf Hitler, warning of the bloody mauling that a German invasion force would face if it crossed the Channel, Prime Minister Winston Churchill said in Parliament "we shall defend our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender"
1948: During the Israel War of Independence, the Jews surrendered the "Old City" of Jerusalem to King Abdullah's Arab Legion (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1972: The Watergate burglary: White House "plumbers" (a team of political "operatives" established by Richard Nixon to stop information "leaks" from within his regime) broke into Democratic National Headquarters.
1972: The Duke of Windsor, who had abdicated the English throne to marry the divorced U.S. "socialite" Wallis Warfield Simpson, died in Paris.
1982: Pope John Paul II arrived in Britain on the first visit there by a Pope since 1531.
1995: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck the Russian town of Neftegorsk, killing 2,000 people.
1998: In response to nuclear weapons testing by India, Pakistan conducted a series of nuclear detonations of its own.
2004: Foreign occupation forces in Iraq "approved" the "democratic choice" of Ayad Allawi as Prime Minister of Iraq.