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Friday, June 28 2013

The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation

"It proclaimed itself the continuation of the Western Roman Empire under the doctrine of Translatio Imperii, or Transfer of Rule"

Many regard the supposed "fall" of the ancient Roman Empire in the fifth century AD to be a long-gone and "over there" event that has nothing to do with the world today, but as the term itself states, it fell - it didn't die. It rose again and continued right to the modern era by means of the German Empire that devoured it, as one beast would feed upon another, that thereafter even officially named itself the "Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation" (or Empire; Reich means Empire).

A little European history, quoted from a neutral source.

"The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum Sacrum, German: Heiliges Romisches Reich) was a complex political union of territories in Central Europe existing from 962 to 1806.

The empire grew out of East Francia, a primary division of the Frankish Empire, and explicitly proclaimed itself the continuation of the Western Roman Empire under the doctrine of translatio imperii ("transfer of rule" via a succession of singular rulers vested with supreme power). Frankish king Charlemagne was crowned as emperor by Pope Leo III in 800, restoring the title in the West after more than three centuries. The title was passed in a desultory manner during the decline and fragmentation of the Carolingian dynasty, eventually falling into abeyance. The title was revived in 962 when Otto I was crowned Holy Roman Emperor (Latin: Imperator Romanus Sacer), beginning an unbroken line of emperors running for over eight centuries.

The territories making up the Empire lay predominantly in Central Europe. At its peak in 1050, under Emperor Henry III, it included the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Italy, and the Kingdom of Burgundy. The Holy Roman Empire never achieved the extent of political unification formed in France, evolving instead into a decentralized, limited elective monarchy composed of hundreds of smaller sub-units, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities, and other domains. The power of the emperor was limited, and while the various princes, lords and kings of the Empire were his vassals and subjects, they possessed an extent of privileges that gave them de facto sovereignty within their territories. The last Holy Roman Emperor was Francis II, who abdicated and dissolved the Empire in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars." (From the Wikipedia article "Holy Roman Empire" on June 27 2013)

While the abbreviated term was "Holy Roman Empire," it was officially known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, or Empire, as the map below (showing the German Empire during the "Crusades") plainly shows. The map is labeled "Heiligen Romischen Reich Deutscher Nation" (the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation"), while homeland Germany is labeled as "Romisch Deutsches Kaiserreich" ("Roman German Caesar Empire" - where the Kaiser, the German word for Caesar, sat upon his imperial throne). Notice also on the map that Israel was included, for centuries, within the boundaries of the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" - Israel was ruled at first by a Caesar in Rome, and then for centuries by a Caesar ("Kaiser") in Germany.

German Empire
The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation is also historically presumed to have fallen, but again, as with the original Roman Empire, it fell - it didn't die. Millions of people are aware of Adolf Hitler's "Third Reich." It was obviously the first Reich, or Empire, for Hitler, but he called it that because he regarded what he was doing as a further continuation of the "Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation." Included was his religious view that Roman "Christianity" was based upon the "Crusades" that the Roman Emperor Constantine had begun when he established his Church of Rome (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

A surprising quote from the Wikipedia article "Religious views of Adolf Hitler" on June 27 2013 (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion):

"In an attempt to justify Nazi aggression, Hitler drew a parallel between militantism and Christianity's rise to power as the Roman Empire's official state religion:

"The individual may establish with pain today that with the appearance of Christianity the first spiritual terror entered into the far freer ancient world, but he will not be able to contest the fact that since then the world has been afflicted and dominated by this coercion, and that coercion is broken only by coercion, and terror only by terror. Only then can a new state of affairs be constructively created. Political parties are inclined to compromises; philosophies never. Political parties even reckon with opponents; philosophies proclaim their infallibility." (Wikipedia article "Religious views of Adolf Hitler" on June 27 2013)

Many Bible-studying people at the time of the Second World War thought that Adolf Hitler was the prophesied "beast" of the Book of Revelation (the entire 13th chapter deals with the end-time "beast" and his "great false prophet"). He could have been, but was not. Hitler was nevertheless another of a long line of such Germanic warlords who have risen up to rule over the Roman Empire and the Church of Rome - which will culminate in the end-time "Beast" (see the Fact Finder question below).

Over the centuries, there has been a see-saw struggle between the German, or Austrian, Holy Roman emperor and the Pope as to who was the actual ruler of the empire. To summarize their respective claims of superiority:

  • The Popes claimed leadership by saying that the Empire/Reich was merely the political arm of the Church, established and maintained by "God and the Papacy." Under this arrangement, the Emperor was answerable to the Pope who could dispose of the king at will - a situation that actually occurred a number of times.

  • The Imperial Frankish theory claimed that the Emperor had the leadership (which fits exactly with the prophecy of end-time events) because the "divine" Emperor (some of the Emperors actually claimed to be God - absolute blasphemy) had a direct responsibility to God, and that the Pope was merely the Emperor's "prophet" between God and the Empire. The Emperors claimed the right to appoint or dispose of Popes at will - a situation that also actually occurred a number of times.

Fact Finder: What is the "Mark of the Beast"? What is the "Abomination of Desolation"?
See What Is The Mark Of The Beast? and A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation


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This Day In History, June 28

1098: Troops of the First Crusade defeated Kerbogha of Mosul (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

The First Crusade 1389: The Ottoman (a ruling dynasty of Turkey) Empire victory at the Battle of Kosovo; a turning point for the Ottomans in the development of their European empire, and a tragedy for the medieval kingdom of Serbia because it began for the Serbs more than 4 centuries under Ottoman rule (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see the entry for 1914, below).

1461: Edward IV was crowned King of England.

1519: Charles I of Spain became Holy Roman Emperor.

1629: The Peace of Alais. Peace settlement between French royal forces and the Huguenots by which the Huguenots retained their religious and civil liberties but lost their military power.

1635: The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.

1838: The official coronation of Queen Victoria took place in Westminster Abbey, a year after she had ascended the throne.

1846: The saxophone was patented by Adolphe Sax (the instrument was named after its inventor) in Paris, France.

1914: Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 51, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir apparent to the Habsburg throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife Sophia were assassinated by a Bosnian, Gavrilo Princip, in Sarajevo, setting off the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars). The assassination took place on the anniversary of the defeat of the Serbs by the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 (see the entry for 1389, above).

1919: At the end of the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles Palace, near Paris. Germany was stripped of all its overseas colonies, demilitarized, and ordered to pay heavy reparations (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1940: Italo Balbo was killed at age 44. The Italian airman and Fascist leader, who was decisive in developing Benito Mussolini's air force, was killed by "friendly fire" when his own anti-aircraft gunners mis-identified their commander's aircraft and shot it down in Tobruk harbor.

1951: The first color-TV broadcast.

1967: Israel annexed East Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1968: Daniel Ellsberg was indicted for leaking the "Pentagon Papers."

1989: On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo (see the entries for 1389 and 1914, above), Serbian leader Slobodan MiloŇ°evic delivered the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.

2001: Slobodan MiloŇ°evic (see the entry for 1989, above) was deported to stand trial for war crimes.

2006: The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations.


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