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Friday, June 28 2013
The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation
"It proclaimed itself the continuation of the Western Roman Empire under the doctrine of Translatio Imperii, or Transfer of Rule"
Many regard the supposed "fall" of the ancient Roman Empire in the fifth century AD to be a long-gone and "over there" event that has nothing to do with the world today, but as the term itself states, it fell - it didn't die. It rose again and continued right to the modern era by means of the German Empire that devoured it, as one beast would feed upon another, that thereafter even officially named itself the "Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation" (or Empire; Reich means Empire).
A little European history, quoted from a neutral source.
"The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum Sacrum, German: Heiliges Romisches Reich) was a complex political union of territories in Central Europe existing from 962 to 1806.
While the abbreviated term was "Holy Roman Empire," it was officially known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, or Empire, as the map below (showing the German Empire during the "Crusades") plainly shows. The map is labeled "Heiligen Romischen Reich Deutscher Nation" (the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation"), while homeland Germany is labeled as "Romisch Deutsches Kaiserreich" ("Roman German Caesar Empire" - where the Kaiser, the German word for Caesar, sat upon his imperial throne). Notice also on the map that Israel was included, for centuries, within the boundaries of the "Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" - Israel was ruled at first by a Caesar in Rome, and then for centuries by a Caesar ("Kaiser") in Germany.
A surprising quote from the Wikipedia article "Religious views of Adolf Hitler" on June 27 2013 (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion):
"In an attempt to justify Nazi aggression, Hitler drew a parallel between militantism and Christianity's rise to power as the Roman Empire's official state religion:
Many Bible-studying people at the time of the Second World War thought that Adolf Hitler was the prophesied "beast" of the Book of Revelation (the entire 13th chapter deals with the end-time "beast" and his "great false prophet"). He could have been, but was not. Hitler was nevertheless another of a long line of such Germanic warlords who have risen up to rule over the Roman Empire and the Church of Rome - which will culminate in the end-time "Beast" (see the Fact Finder question below).
Over the centuries, there has been a see-saw struggle between the German, or Austrian, Holy Roman emperor and the Pope as to who was the actual ruler of the empire. To summarize their respective claims of superiority:
This Day In History, June 28
1389: The Ottoman (a ruling dynasty of Turkey) Empire victory at the Battle of Kosovo; a turning point for the Ottomans in the development of their European empire, and a tragedy for the medieval kingdom of Serbia because it began for the Serbs more than 4 centuries under Ottoman rule (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see the entry for 1914, below).
1461: Edward IV was crowned King of England.
1519: Charles I of Spain became Holy Roman Emperor.
1629: The Peace of Alais. Peace settlement between French royal forces and the Huguenots by which the Huguenots retained their religious and civil liberties but lost their military power.
1635: The French colony of Guadeloupe was established in the Caribbean.
1838: The official coronation of Queen Victoria took place in Westminster Abbey, a year after she had ascended the throne.
1846: The saxophone was patented by Adolphe Sax (the instrument was named after its inventor) in Paris, France.
1914: Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 51, nephew of Emperor Franz Josef and heir apparent to the Habsburg throne of Austria-Hungary, and his wife Sophia were assassinated by a Bosnian, Gavrilo Princip, in Sarajevo, setting off the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars). The assassination took place on the anniversary of the defeat of the Serbs by the Ottomans at the Battle of Kosovo in 1389 (see the entry for 1389, above).
1919: At the end of the First World War, the Treaty of Versailles was signed in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles Palace, near Paris. Germany was stripped of all its overseas colonies, demilitarized, and ordered to pay heavy reparations (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1940: Italo Balbo was killed at age 44. The Italian airman and Fascist leader, who was decisive in developing Benito Mussolini's air force, was killed by "friendly fire" when his own anti-aircraft gunners mis-identified their commander's aircraft and shot it down in Tobruk harbor.
1951: The first color-TV broadcast.
1967: Israel annexed East Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1968: Daniel Ellsberg was indicted for leaking the "Pentagon Papers."
1989: On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo (see the entries for 1389 and 1914, above), Serbian leader Slobodan Miloševic delivered the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.
2001: Slobodan Miloševic (see the entry for 1989, above) was deported to stand trial for war crimes.
2006: The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations.