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Sunday, July 7 2013

The Shepherds Of Egypt

The Israelites, at that time only the family of Jacob (see A Biography Of Jacob: The Jacobites Of Syria and A Biography Of Jacob: When Jacob Became Israel), entered Egypt as refugees from a drought in the land of Canaan (see Camped Out In Canaan). As shepherds, they would not have been received favorably, "for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians," however one of Jacob's sons, Joseph (see A Biography Of Jacob: A Coat Of Many Colors), was the Prime Minister of Egypt, second in authority only to the Pharaoh.

The Nile River

"46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.

46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.

46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father's house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father's house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have. 46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians." (Genesis 46:29-34 KJV)

So it was the Israelites and their flocks were permitted to settle in the rich, well-watered area of the Nile Delta, known as Goshen, where Jacob/Israel lived for the remainder of his life (see also Jacob's Mummy).

"47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.

47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou?

47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.

47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. 47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father's household, with bread, according to their families." (Genesis 47:5-12 KJV)

Four centuries later, the Israelites had prospered so much from the resources of Egypt that the Pharaoh at that time feared them as a security threat to his country.

"1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. 1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 1:9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land." (Exodus 1:6-10 KJV)

The Pharaoh attempted to limit the growing Israelite population threat, eventually resorting to infanticide. Hence Moses being placed in a basket in the Nile River where he was found, and then raised by, a royal princess - the Pharaoh's daughter.

Bedouins in Desert

"2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink. 2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.

2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.

2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?

2:8 And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother. 2:9 And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it. 2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water." (Exodus 2:1-10 KJV)

When Moses had grown to a man, he acted like one. Moses defended someone who was being assaulted, which resulted in Moses having to flee into the Sinai. Moses remained there for many years, while marrying a Midianite woman and having two sons with her. What did Moses do for a living during his years in the Sinai? He became a shepherd, just as the Israelites had been when they entered Egypt four centuries before his time.

"2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. 2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow?

2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.

2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. 2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.

2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day?

2:19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.

2:20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.

2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. 2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land." (Exodus 2:11-22 KJV)

It was while tending the flocks that Moses had the famous experience with the burning bush, with the LORD's command to shepherd His people in the Exodus ("the LORD God" was Jesus Christ; see The Kingdom Of The LORD God).

"3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. 3:3 And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.

3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses.

And he said, Here am I.

3:5 And he said, Draw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. 3:6 Moreover he said, I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. 3:7 And the LORD said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 3:9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt." (Exodus 3:1-10 KJV)

Fact Finder: Despite their being brothers, when did Moses and Aaron know each other? Did they meet as children, or as old men?
See The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron


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This Day In History, July 7

1307: King Edward I of England died on his way north to subdue a rebellion in Scotland; he was succeeded by Edward II.

1534: The first recorded encounter of Europeans and native people of the Gulf of St. Lawrence area occurred, in what is today the Canadian Province of New Brunswick.

Napoleon 1543: France invaded Luxembourg.

1575: The Raid of the Redeswire; the last major battle between England and Scotland.

1668: Isaac Newton received his MA from Trinity College, Cambridge.

1798: Napoleon Bonaparte's army began its march towards Cairo, Egypt, from Alexandria.

1807: The first of the Treaties of Tilsit was signed, during which France, under Napoleon Bonaparte, and Russia, under Czar Alexander, became allies and divided Europe between them.

1846: During the Mexican-American war (a geographically-inaccurate term, since all people of the continents of North and South America, from the northern tip of Canada to the southern tip of Argentina, are "Americans"), the U.S. annexed California from Mexico. By the end of the war in 1848, Mexico lost the territories of what is today California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, plus parts of Colorado and New Mexico. As well, Texas broke away from Mexico and later joined the U.S.

1865: Lewis Paine, David Herold, George Atzerodt and Mary Surratt were executed by public hanging in Washington's Old Penitentiary. They had been convicted of "treasonable conspiracy" in the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

1898: U.S. President William McKinley declared the Newlands Resolution to annex Hawaii as a territory of the U.S.

1928: The Chillicothe Baking Company of Chillicothe, Missouri introduced a new product to the market - pre-sliced bread.

1930: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, English author and creator of "Sherlock Holmes," died.

1937: Following the establishment of a commission to investigate the mandate in Palestine, the Peel Report was published in Britain (listen to our Sermons The Balfour Declaration and The Ottoman Empire).

1937: Japan invaded China.

1959: The planet Venus (the pagan name that scientists have given to the planet) occulted (blocked from view) the star Regulus. The event is used to calculate the diameter of Venus.

1967: Civil war began in Biafra.

1978: The Solomon Islands were granted independence from Britain.

1980: Sharia was instituted in Iran.

2005: Terrorist explosions in London's transport system killed 56 people (including the four suicide bombers) and injured over 700.





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Copyright © Wayne Blank