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Tuesday, July 9 2013
The Months Of Julius and Augustus
The famous Roman general and political "dictator" (see The Politics Of Rome to understand the early meaning of that term) Julius Caesar was the last "president" (the "leading" thug who presided over the other thugs) of the Roman republic. After he was assassinated in the Senate by them (a group that included his former allies Cassius and Brutus - the term "brutal" was popularized by the actions of Brutus) in March of 44 BC, the Roman Empire and the political title of "Caesar" was born (see the Fact Finder question below).
The first defacto king was Julius Caesar's grandnephew, and adopted son, Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus, the Emperor best-known to Bible History as the man who ordered the famous taxation census that caused the Messiah to be born in Bethlehem as prophesied (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Messiah).
"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.
Julius and Augustus
The calendar that most of the world uses today originated from the pagan Romans, two months of which were re-named for Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus i.e. July and August. All of the months on the Roman calendar were based upon mythical "heroes" (see Demigod) or pagan gods.
This Day In History, July 9
455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.
869: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake and resultant tsunami devastated the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.
1228: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters - the original Scriptures had no "chapters and verses."
1386: In the Swiss-Swabian wars, Leopold III and his 6,000-strong Austrian army were defeated by a force of 1,600 Swiss pikemen at the battle of Sempach in a display of superior tactics.
1540: The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was annulled by an Anglican convocation (with Henry as the self-appointed head of the Church of England, his annulment request was sure to be "granted").
1686: The League of Augsburg was formed with the alliance of the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire), Spain, Sweden and Saxony against the French King Louis XIV.
1790: The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.
1810: Holland was annexed by Napoleon after Louis Napoleon, his brother, abdicated from the throne.
1816: Argentina's independence from Spain was declared at the Congress of Tucuman.
1900: The Commonwealth of Australia was established, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.
1944: After a month-long battle (that began with the D-Day invasion on June 6), British and Canadian forces captured most of the town of Cain in France.
1947: The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.
1958: Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by the highest tsunami in recorded history: 524 meters (over 1,700 feet) high.
1959: The uprising at Wadi Salib, a slum in the formerly Arab section of Haifa, Israel. Oriental Jews, mostly Moroccans, rioted in protest against their poor situation in Israeli society, in which they claimed that European Jews were favored.
1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first person to survive an accidental fall over Niagara Falls.
1962: The "Starfish Prime" high-altitude nuclear test. A nuclear bomb was detonated 250 miles above the earth, over the Pacific Ocean. It was one of five U.S. nuclear bombings of space.
1979: Voyager 2 encountered the Jupiter system after nearly 2 years of sailing through interplanetary space.
2002: The African Union was established.