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Tuesday, July 9 2013

The Months Of Julius and Augustus

The famous Roman general and political "dictator" (see The Politics Of Rome to understand the early meaning of that term) Julius Caesar was the last "president" (the "leading" thug who presided over the other thugs) of the Roman republic. After he was assassinated in the Senate by them (a group that included his former allies Cassius and Brutus - the term "brutal" was popularized by the actions of Brutus) in March of 44 BC, the Roman Empire and the political title of "Caesar" was born (see the Fact Finder question below).

The first defacto king was Julius Caesar's grandnephew, and adopted son, Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus, the Emperor best-known to Bible History as the man who ordered the famous taxation census that caused the Messiah to be born in Bethlehem as prophesied (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Messiah).

Augustus

"2:1 And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the world should be taxed. 2:2 (And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius was governor of Syria.) 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one into his own city.

2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:) 2:5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused wife, being great with child. 2:6 And so it was, that, while they were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn [see also Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?].

2:8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over their flock by night. 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid. 2:10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not: for, behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people. 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord. 2:12 And this shall be a sign unto you; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes, lying in a manger.

2:13 And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying, 2:14 Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men." (Luke 2:1-14 KJV)

Julius and Augustus

The calendar that most of the world uses today originated from the pagan Romans, two months of which were re-named for Julius Caesar and Caesar Augustus i.e. July and August. All of the months on the Roman calendar were based upon mythical "heroes" (see Demigod) or pagan gods.

January

Known to the Romans as Januarius, it was named after Janus, the Roman pagan god of doorways and beginnings.

February

Known to the Romans as Februarius, it was named from Februa, a pagan "purification" festival held during the month.

March

Julius Caesar Known to the Romans as Martius, it was named from the Roman god Mars.

April

Known to the Romans as Aprilis, it was named after the goddess Venus, also known as Aphrodite.

May

Known to the Romans as Maius, it was named after the goddess Maia.

June

Known to the Romans as Junius, it was named after the Roman goddess Juno.

July

Originally known as Quintilis on the Roman calendar, it was renamed Julius after Julius Caesar.

August

Originally known as Sextilus, it was renamed Augustus after Caesar Augustus.

September

September is named from the Latin word septem, meaning seven i.e. before the Romans changed it, their calendar began in March i.e. spring in the northern hemisphere. April was the second month (now it's the fourth), May was the third month (now it's the fifth) etc. and September was the seventh month (now it's the ninth).

October

October is named from the Latin word octo, meaning eight. As explained above, the Roman calendar later shifted ahead 2 months. October, meaning the eighth month, became the tenth month, as it is today.

November

November is named from the Latin word novem, meaning nine. November was originally the ninth month of the Roman calendar, now it's the eleventh.

December

December is named from the Latin word decem, meaning ten. Again, as explained above, December was originally the tenth month of the Roman calendar.

Fact Finder: How did the Roman Republic bloat into the malignant Roman Empire?
See A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; see also The Rise Of The Malignant Beast


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This Day In History, July 9

118: Hadrian, Rome's new emperor, made his entry into the city (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

455: Avitus, the Roman military commander in Gaul, became Emperor of the West.

869: A magnitude 8.6 earthquake and resultant tsunami devastated the area around Sendai in the northern part of Honshu, Japan.

King Henry and Pope Leo 1228: Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, died. It was Langton who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters - the original Scriptures had no "chapters and verses."

1386: In the Swiss-Swabian wars, Leopold III and his 6,000-strong Austrian army were defeated by a force of 1,600 Swiss pikemen at the battle of Sempach in a display of superior tactics.

1540: The marriage of Henry VIII and Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, was annulled by an Anglican convocation (with Henry as the self-appointed head of the Church of England, his annulment request was sure to be "granted").

1686: The League of Augsburg was formed with the alliance of the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire), Spain, Sweden and Saxony against the French King Louis XIV.

1790: The Swedish navy captured one third of the Russian fleet at the naval battle of Svensksund in the Baltic Sea.

1810: Holland was annexed by Napoleon after Louis Napoleon, his brother, abdicated from the throne.

1816: Argentina's independence from Spain was declared at the Congress of Tucuman.

1900: The Commonwealth of Australia was established, uniting the separate colonies under a federal government.

1944: After a month-long battle (that began with the D-Day invasion on June 6), British and Canadian forces captured most of the town of Cain in France.

1947: The engagement of Britain's Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) to Lt. Philip Mountbatten was announced.

1958: Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by the highest tsunami in recorded history: 524 meters (over 1,700 feet) high.

1959: The uprising at Wadi Salib, a slum in the formerly Arab section of Haifa, Israel. Oriental Jews, mostly Moroccans, rioted in protest against their poor situation in Israeli society, in which they claimed that European Jews were favored.

1960: 7 year old Roger Woodward became the first person to survive an accidental fall over Niagara Falls.

1962: The "Starfish Prime" high-altitude nuclear test. A nuclear bomb was detonated 250 miles above the earth, over the Pacific Ocean. It was one of five U.S. nuclear bombings of space.

1979: Voyager 2 encountered the Jupiter system after nearly 2 years of sailing through interplanetary space.

2002: The African Union was established.



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