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Sunday, July 28 2013

Genesis 8: Noah's Altar

As the LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) warned and declared, the Flood (see Genesis 7: The Flood) was brought upon all of the Earth to destroy a violent, wicked Truth-hating people who richly deserved the fate that they chose for themselves (see Genesis 6: Why Did The Flood Happen?).

"7:11 In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened. 7:12 And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

7:13 In the selfsame day entered Noah, and Shem, and Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah, and Noah's wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, into the ark; 7:14 They, and every beast after his kind, and all the cattle after their kind, and every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind, and every fowl after his kind, every bird of every sort. 7:15 And they went in unto Noah into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein is the breath of life. 7:16 And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the LORD shut him in.

7:17 And the flood was forty days upon the earth; and the waters increased, and bare up the ark, and it was lift up above the earth. 7:18 And the waters prevailed, and were increased greatly upon the earth; and the ark went upon the face of the waters. 7:19 And the waters prevailed exceedingly upon the earth; and all the high hills, that were under the whole heaven, were covered. 7:20 Fifteen cubits upward did the waters prevail; and the mountains were covered. 7:21 And all flesh died that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beast, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth, and every man: 7:22 All in whose nostrils was the breath of life, of all that was in the dry land, died. 7:23 And every living substance was destroyed which was upon the face of the ground, both man, and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the heaven; and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noah only remained alive, and they that were with him in the ark.

7:24 And the waters prevailed upon the earth an hundred and fifty days." (Genesis 7:11-24 KJV)

The Mountains of Ararat

At the end of the prescribed time, the waters of the Flood began to drain away (see How Did The Flood Happen?).

"8:1 And God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the cattle that was with him in the ark: and God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters asswaged; 8:2 The fountains also of the deep and the windows of heaven were stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained; 8:3 And the waters returned from off the earth continually: and after the end of the hundred and fifty days the waters were abated." (Genesis 8:1-3 KJV)

The Hebrew word pronounced aw-rawr-rawt is found four times in the Holy Scriptures. It is translated (in the King James Version) twice as "Ararat," in Genesis and Jeremiah. "Ararat" is of course most famous from the Flood. Although "Mount Ararat" has become popularly used for where Noah's ark came to rest, as the Bible record plainly states, Ararat was actually a mountain range ("the mountains of Ararat"). Two peaks, about 7 miles / 11 kilometers apart, have been identified as the most likely location of the ark's resting place. The one is 14,300 feet and the other 10,300 feet above the adjacent Araxes plain. The higher of the two has a snow-covered peak year round, and was known to the ancient Persians (who were neither Jews nor Christians) as "Noah's mountain."

Mount Ararat

"8:4 And the ark rested in the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, upon the mountains of Ararat." (Genesis 8:4 KJV)

The waters continued to drain back to where a great geological event had driven them to the surface - the Flood was caused much more by geology than meteorology (again, see How Did The Flood Happen?).

"8:5 And the waters decreased continually until the tenth month: in the tenth month, on the first day of the month, were the tops of the mountains seen." (Genesis 8:5 KJV)

Knowing that carrion would be found before clean food, Noah sent out a raven, an "unclean" bird (to understand the biological difference between "clean" and "unclean" birds and animals, see the explanation in Genesis 7: The Flood).

"8:6 And it came to pass at the end of forty days, that Noah opened the window of the ark which he had made:

8:7 And he sent forth a raven, which went forth to and fro, until the waters were dried up from off the earth." (Genesis 8:6-7 KJV)

Doves are "clean" birds. Noah waited to send out the dove to see if it could find "clean" food (for the animals and for the humans - keeping in mind that humans at that point were still vegetarians) - meaning that there was no longer just carrion (of animals and humans) to be found.

"8:8 Also he sent forth a dove from him, to see if the waters were abated from off the face of the ground; 8:9 But the dove found no rest for the sole of her foot, and she returned unto him into the ark, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth: then he put forth his hand, and took her, and pulled her in unto him into the ark." (Genesis 8:8-9 KJV)

At last, the dove found clean vegetable matter that had begun growing again after the waters had receded.

"8:10 And he stayed yet other seven days; and again he sent forth the dove out of the ark;

8:11 And the dove came in to him in the evening; and, lo, in her mouth was an olive leaf pluckt off: so Noah knew that the waters were abated from off the earth.

8:12 And he stayed yet other seven days; and sent forth the dove; which returned not again unto him any more." (Genesis 8:10-12 KJV)

While the Flood began from a sudden great geologic event, the drainage back was much slower. The floodwaters could not have gone away simply by evaporation because it all would just have come back down again as rain (again, see How Did The Flood Happen?).

Noah's Burnt Offering

"8:13 And it came to pass in the six hundredth and first year, in the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were dried up from off the earth: and Noah removed the covering of the ark, and looked, and, behold, the face of the ground was dry.

8:14 And in the second month, on the seven and twentieth day of the month, was the earth dried." (Genesis 8:13-14 KJV)

When the time was right, the LORD commanded Noah to disembark the ark and begin the world of life again.

"8:15 And God spake unto Noah, saying, 8:16 Go forth of the ark, thou, and thy wife, and thy sons, and thy sons' wives with thee. 8:17 Bring forth with thee every living thing that is with thee, of all flesh, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth; that they may breed abundantly in the earth, and be fruitful, and multiply upon the earth." (Genesis 8:15-17 KJV)

The family of Noah, four men and four women, became the new "Adam" (see Adam and Adamah).

"8:18 And Noah went forth, and his sons, and his wife, and his sons' wives with him:

8:19 Every beast, every creeping thing, and every fowl, and whatsoever creepeth upon the earth, after their kinds, went forth out of the ark." (Genesis 8:18-19 KJV)

What kind of creatures did Noah use for a sacrifice? Clean animals (see also the Fact Finder question below).

"8:20 And Noah builded an altar unto the LORD; and took of every clean beast, and of every clean fowl, and offered burnt offerings on the altar." (Genesis 8:20 KJV)

The LORD then promised that never again would He destroy the evil of the world - with water (see The Floods Brought By Christ).

"8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet savour; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. 8:22 While the earth remaineth, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease." (Genesis 8:21-22 KJV)

Fact Finder: What promises did the LORD make to Noah and Abraham?
See The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq


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This Day In History, July 28

1364: The Battle of Cascina between forces of the Republic of Pisa and those of the Republic of Florence.

1540: King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Howard, his fifth wife.

1586: The first potatoes arrived in England from Colombia. They were brought by English astronomer Sir Thomas Harriot (who was the first man to makes sketches of the moon as viewed through a telescope).

Execution of Robespierre 1615: French explorer Samuel de Champlain discovered Lake Huron on his seventh voyage to the New World.

1656: The Battle of Warsaw in the First Northern War began when Charles X of Sweden invaded Poland.

1771: During a plague outbreak, Ambrose, archbishop of Moscow, was murdered by a mob after he removed an "Christian" idol that he realized was somehow a source of the plague; the people who were coming to pray to the idol to end the plague, became sick of the plague themselves. The people's kissing and touching of the idol, as well as their close gathering around it, was in fact spreading the plague.

1794: Maximilien Robespierre was guillotined with four political allies. Known as "The Incorruptible," he played a leading role in the French Revolution and launched the "Reign of Terror."

1809: The British under Sir Arthur Wellesley defeated the French under Marshal Victor at the Battle of Talavera, southwest of Madrid.

1821: Peru declared itself independent of Spain.

1835: King Louis Napoleon of France survived an assassination attempt by Giuseppe Maria Fleschi, who rigged 25 guns together and fired them all with the pull of a single trigger.

1858: The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification was made by William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service at Jungipur in India. He took the print of Rajyadhar Konai on the back of a contract.

1914: Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia after the June 28 assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo. This led to further declarations of war, leading to the First World War.

1932: The "Bonus March" protest in Washington D.C. by destitute U.S. Army war veterans was crushed by active-duty troops under the command of George Patton and Douglas MacArthur, both of whom became famous during the Second World War (1939-1945) after the U.S. entered the war in 1941.

1941: During The Second World War, 30,000 Japanese troops invaded French Indochina.

1945: A U.S. B-25 bomber, lost in clouds and fog, slammed into the side of the Empire State Building in New York City. The "skyscraper" building withstood the powerful impact. 14 people were killed.

1958: NASA was established. With the ending of the Space Shuttle program in July 2011, the U.S. has become dependent upon Russia to get U.S. astronauts into space.

1976: A magnitude 7.9 earthquake completely destroyed the city of Tangshan in China; it killed an estimated 242,000 and injured more than 150,000 - the highest quake casualty toll of modern times.

1981: Prince Charles married Diana Spencer at St. Paul's Cathedral in a ceremony televised around the world and watched by an estimated 700 million people. It was called "the stuff fairy tales are made of." They separated 11 years later in 1992, and were divorced 15 years later in 1996. Diana was killed in a car crash in 1997.

2005: The "Provisional Irish Republican Army" proclaimed an end to their thirty-year old terrorist campaign in Northern Ireland.



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