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Monday, August 5 2013

Genesis 16: The LORD's Seed Promise To Hagar

"The angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude"

Although it is often incorrectly portrayed as such, Abram, later renamed as Abraham, did not favor Isaac over his other children. Abram merely recognized and accommodated the purpose and responsibility that the Messianic line would serve. The LORD God, Who not only chose the Messianic line through Isaac, but was later born as the Messiah from that line (see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), never played favorites either. Salvation is a means of opportunity for all of humanity.

Hagar was an Egyptian handmaid of Abram's wife Sarai (who was later renamed as Sarah). Although Sarai was surely aware of the LORD's promise to Abram that he would have children (see Genesis 15: The Exodus Prophecy and The LORD's Seed Covenants With The Two Men Of Iraq), Sarai grew impatient. "Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her."

"16:1 Now Sarai Abram's wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar.

16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, Behold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai." (Genesis 16:1-2 KJV)

So it was that, ten years after arriving from Iraq (see Genesis 12: Abram's Mission and Camped Out In Canaan), Hagar became another lawful wife of Abram, as arranged by Sarai.

An Egyptian Girl

"16:3 And Sarai Abram's wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife." (Genesis 16:3 KJV)

The trouble between Sarai and Hagar began "when she saw that she had conceived."

"16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes." (Genesis 16:4 KJV)

Sarai felt very threatened by the situation. She made a surprising demand to Abram: "the LORD judge between me and thee."

"16:5 And Sarai said unto Abram, My wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee." (Genesis 16:5 KJV)

Abram refused to favor anyone, leaving the situation with Hagar in the hands of Sarai - in effect, making Sarai judge and accuser. "And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face."

"16:6 But Abram said unto Sarai, Behold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face." (Genesis 16:6 KJV)

It was without doubt a sorrowful situation for everyone. The LORD however not only didn't forsake Hagar, He made a profound promise to her: "I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude." It would be fulfilled, beginning with and by her yet-unborn son of Abram: "Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction."

"16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur.

16:8 And he said, Hagar, Sarai's maid, whence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go?

And she said, I flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.

16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Return to thy mistress, and submit thyself under her hands.

16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.

16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction.

16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man's hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren." (Genesis 16:7-12 KJV)

There are not many people that the LORD spoke to personally, but Hagar was one of them.

"16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou God seest me: for she said, Have I also here looked after him that seeth me?

16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beerlahairoi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered." (Genesis 16:13-1 KJV)

Sarai must have been made aware of the LORD's command for Hagar to return, thereby over-ruling Sarai's treatment of Hagar. They did not "live happily ever after" together, as we will cover in subsequent studies in this series, but Hagar returned and "bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael." Notice that Abram was not the originator of Ishmael's name - he named him Ishmael because the LORD had commanded it to Hagar, as we read above ("Behold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael").

"16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son's name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael.

16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram." (Genesis 16:15-16 KJV)

Fact Finder: What part did the LORD's "seed" promise to Hagar fulfill the LORD's "seed" promise to Abram/Abraham?
See Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates


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This Day In History, August 5

642: The Battle of Maserfield was fought between the forces of Penda of Mercia and Oswald of Northumbria.

Humphrey Gilbert 910: The Battle of Tettenhall. Forces of Mercia and Wessex, under King Edward the Elder and Earl Aethelred of Mercia, ended further Danish attacks on England.

1100: Henry I was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.

1278: The Siege of Algeciras ended with a Granadan victory.

1305: William Wallace, Scottish hero and champion of Scottish independence who beat Edward I at the battle of Stirling Bridge, was captured by the English and later executed.

1388: The Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England, was fought near Otterburn.

1456: With Halley's Comet overhead, 40,000 Church of Rome "Crusaders" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy) battled at Belgrade, a city besieged by the Turks (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire and see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1529: The Treaty of Cambrai was signed by Francis I of France and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (see The Holy Roman Empire). Francis renounced his claim to Italy and Charles renounced his claims to Burgundy.

1583: Sir Humphrey Gilbert founded the first English colony in North America, at what is today St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1600: The Gowrie Conspiracy against King James VI of Scotland (later to become King James I of England; the King James Version of the Holy Bible is named after him) takes place.

1620: Nearly 40 years after the first English settlement in North America was established, in Newfoundland (see entry for 1583 above), the Mayflower sailed from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America.

1689: Iroquois warriors attacked the settlement of Lachine, just west of Montreal, killed about 200 settlers and took 100 others as prisoners. The attack was seen as retaliation for an event 2 years before when 50 Iroquois were sent to France as galley slaves.

1716: In a devastating defeat, Prince Eugene of Savoy with a force of 40,000 Austrians defeated 150,000 Turks under Darnad Ali Pasha at the battle of Peterwardein. Over 30,000 Turks were killed.

1762: Russia, Prussia and Austria signed a treaty agreeing on the partition of Poland.

1824: During the Greek War of Independence, Constantine Kanaris led a Greek fleet to victory against Ottoman and Egyptian ships in the Battle of Samos.

1850: The Australian Government Act granted representative governments to South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria.

1858: The first trans-Atlantic cable was completed, enabling telegraphic communication between Britain and the U.S. The service was ended on September 1 because the current was too weak.

1884: The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe's Island (now Liberty Island) in New York Harbor. While most are aware that it was a gift from the Roman-Catholic people and government of France, very few are aware (and are often shocked to learn) that the Statue of Liberty was a deliberate, as stated by its builders, reproduction of the ancient Roman goddess Libertas, idol-worshipping Rome's "goddess of freedom." A 2,000 year-old Roman coin from 42 BC, from the era of the birth of the Roman Empire, seen below, shows Libertas (including the idol's name, the Latin Libertas, in English meaning "Lady Liberty" right on the coin); the face and the crown are identical to the Statue of Liberty.

Libertas

1963: The Nuclear Test Ban Treaty was signed. It disallowed testing in the atmosphere, in outer space, and underwater; however, since the U.S. and Soviets wanted to develop their weapons of mass destruction further, underground testing was allowed under the treaty. France and China did not sign the treaty, and continued testing in the atmosphere.

1974: With no longer deniable criminal evidence mounting against him, U.S. President Richard Nixon admitted that he had lied and withheld information (including in nationally-televised Presidential addresses) about the Watergate burglary and subsequent obstruction of justice cover-up. He announced his resignation three days later. His successor, Gerald Ford (the only man to hold the office of Vice President, and then President, without ever having been elected to either office i.e. Ford was appointed Vice President when Vice President Spiro Agnew resigned when he was convicted of tax evasion), pardoned Nixon before he could be prosecuted and sent to prison (a number of top level members of the Nixon regime did go to prison, including White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman and U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell).

1989: The Sandinista Front on a majority in general elections in Nicaragua.

2010: 33 Chilean miners were trapped 2,300 feet below ground at the Copiapo mine. They were rescued 69 days later.


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