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Friday, August 23 2013
Genesis 34: Dinah
Dinah, from the Hebrew name pronounced dee-naw, was the only daughter of Jacob / Israel (see Genesis 32: The Origin Of Israel). Dinah's mother was Leah (pronounced in Hebrew as lay-ah); her six full brothers were Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar and Zebulun. Dinah was the youngest.
"35:23 The sons of Leah; Reuben, Jacob's firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun" (Genesis 35:23 KJV)
Dinah was born in Syria, during Jacob's twenty years of exile from the land of Canaan (see Genesis 29: Jacob In Syria). Upon his return, Jacob at first settled his family "to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city."
"33:18 And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city. 33:19 And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money. 33:20 And he erected there an altar, and called it Elelohe-Israel." (Genesis 33:17-20 KJV)
The only recorded events of Dinah's life involved her being assaulted by "Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country." With Jacob having been in Syria only twenty years, and with Dinah being among the last of the children born, Dinah would have in her mid-teens when the incident occurred.
"34:1 And Dinah the daughter of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land. 34:2 And when Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, prince of the country, saw her, he took her, and lay with her, and defiled her. 34:3 And his soul clave unto Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the damsel, and spake kindly unto the damsel. 34:4 And Shechem spake unto his father Hamor, saying, Get me this damsel to wife." (Genesis 34:1-4 KJV)
As was typical of Jacob, when he heard what had happened to his daughter, he said and did nothing.
"34:5 And Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter: now his sons were with his cattle in the field: and Jacob held his peace until they were come." (Genesis 34:5 KJV)
Unlike their father, the sons of Jacob, particularly the full brothers of Dinah, were outraged. Jacob was further forced to deal with the situation publicly when the perpetrator's father came and sought to buy Dinah as a wife for his son.
"34:6 And Hamor the father of Shechem went out unto Jacob to commune with him. 34:7 And the sons of Jacob came out of the field when they heard it: and the men were grieved, and they were very wroth, because he had wrought folly in Israel in lying with Jacob's daughter; which thing ought not to be done.
Jacob agreed to the request. Dinah's brothers agreed as well, but only as a means to bring about their revenge.
"34:13 And the sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and said, because he had defiled Dinah their sister: 34:14 And they said unto them, We cannot do this thing, to give our sister to one that is uncircumcised; for that were a reproach unto us: 34:15 But in this will we consent unto you: If ye will be as we be, that every male of you be circumcised; 34:16 Then will we give our daughters unto you, and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people. 34:17 But if ye will not hearken unto us, to be circumcised; then will we take our daughter, and we will be gone.
When the opportune time came, "Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males."
"34:25 And it came to pass on the third day, when they were sore, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, took each man his sword, and came upon the city boldly, and slew all the males. 34:26 And they slew Hamor and Shechem his son with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem's house, and went out. 34:27 The sons of Jacob came upon the slain, and spoiled the city, because they had defiled their sister. 34:28 They took their sheep, and their oxen, and their asses, and that which was in the city, and that which was in the field, 34:29 And all their wealth, and all their little ones, and their wives took they captive, and spoiled even all that was in the house." (Genesis 34:25-29 KJV)
Jacob grieved at their action. Notice how "I" and "me" were his only concern. Simeon and Levi were concerned otherwise, "And they said, Should he deal with our sister as with an harlot?"
"34:30 And Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, Ye have troubled me to make me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites: and I being few in number, they shall gather themselves together against me, and slay me; and I shall be destroyed, I and my house.
Fact Finder: Many years later, as he was dying of old age in Egypt, did Jacob curse Simeon and Levi for their avenging of Dinah?
This Day In History, August 23
79: Mount Vesuvius, a volcano located in southwestern Italy near the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea, renewed activity. The following eruption destroyed the nearby cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
476: Odoacer, a Germanic tribal chieftain, was proclaimed Rex Italiae ("King of Italy") by his army (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1244: Ottoman / Turkish forces in Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate) expelled the Church of Rome "crusaders" under Frederick II (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1305: William Wallace, a Scottish patriot, was hung, drawn and quartered for treason by King Edward I.
1367: Gil Alvarez Carrillo de Albornoz died at age 57. A Spanish soldier and cardinal, he paved the way for the return of the papacy to Italy from Avignon, France, where the popes lived from 1309 to 1377 (see The Struggle For The Papacy; listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1541: French explorer Jacques Cartier landed near Quebec on his third voyage to North America (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).
1572: In France, Catholics massacred thousands of Huguenots (French Protestants), under orders of Catherine de Medici, advisor to her son, Charles IX, King of France.
1711: A British attempt to invade French-held "New France" (as what is today eastern Canada was then known) by sea was repelled.
1775: King George III declared the New England colonies in open rebellion.
1784: The people of an area of western North Carolina (now in eastern Tennessee) declared themselves to be an independent state, under the name of the State of Franklin. It lasted only 4 years after it wasn't accepted into the Union.
1821: Mexico was declared independent of Spain by the Treaty of Aquala.
1833: Britain abolished slavery in its colonies, freeing 700,000 slaves. Slavery continued in the former colonies that by that time had become the independent United States.
1866: The Treaty of Prague was signed, formally ending the Seven Weeks' War between Austria and Prussian-led German states.
1914: At the start of the First World War, Japan declared war on Germany (30 years later, Japan and Germany were allies in the Second World War; listen also to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1914: In the town of Dinant, Belgium, during the First World War, German soldiers murdered 612 civilian men, women and children, the youngest a 3 week old baby held in its mother's arms. The Germans gave as their reason that Belgian civilians had fired on them while they were repairing a bridge.
1917: During the First World War, the Ontario cabinet passed an order-in-council that provided for the city of Berlin, Ontario to change its name to Kitchener, effective September 1.
1921: Feisal I was installed as King of Iraq.
1926: U.S. film "idol" Rudolph Valentino died, causing world-wide hysteria and a number of suicides.
1931: Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia signed a non-aggression pact (that Hitler violated with his invasion of Russia a few years later), leaving the way open for Germany to attack Poland.
1942: The Battle of Stalingrad began. Although the city was reduced to rubble by the Germans, the Russians fought on, and after 6 months the Germans surrendered.
1952: Frederick George Kenyon died at age 89. The British archaeologist and language scholar devoted his life to discovering Biblical parallels in ancient Greek papyri, convincing critics that science does not disprove the Bible.
1980: The Polish communist government agreed to negotiate directly with striking Gdansk shipworkers.
1990: East and West Germany announced that they would unite on October 3, ending four decades of post-World War II division.
1991: Radical Moscow city leaders took control of the Soviet Communist Party's headquarters, seizing documents and sealing offices, as anti-communism swept the nation in the wake of a failed hardline coup.
2011: Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown during the 2011 Libyan civil war. Gaddafi was later captured, beaten and summarily shot by rebels in the street.