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Monday, September 2 2013

Genesis 44: The Trial Of Joseph's Brothers

The great famine had forced Joseph's brothers to return to Egypt from the land of Canaan, just as Joseph knew would happen (see Genesis 42: Joseph's Sheaves and Stars Dreams Fulfilled and Genesis 43: The Benjamin Connection). Their return home would be interrupted, once again, by trials imposed upon them by Joseph.

"44:1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth. 44:2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money.

And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.

44:3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses." (Genesis 44:1-3 KJV)

When they were brought back to Egypt, it was under the same circumstances of strife and sorrow that Joseph had been brought into Egypt - by their actions (see Genesis 37: Joseph's Coat Of Many Colours).

Joseph

"44:4 And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? 44:5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

44:6 And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words. 44:7 And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing: 44:8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or gold? 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen.

44:10 And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.

44:11 Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack. 44:12 And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack. 44:13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city." (Genesis 44:4-13 KJV)

Judah, by then a father himself (see Genesis 38: The First Jews), spoke for the brothers.

"44:14 And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground.

44:15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?" (Genesis 44:14-15 KJV)

The brothers pleaded their innocence - just as Joseph had done when he was falsely accused, repeatedly (see Genesis 37: Joseph's Coat Of Many Colours, Genesis 39: Potiphar's Wife and Genesis 40: The Dreams Of The Butler And The Baker).

"44:16 And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.<> 44:17 And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father." (Genesis 44:16-17 KJV)

Judah's explanation included what they had told their father had happened to Joseph, who was standing there right before them: "Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since." It would be the final testimony before all was made right.

"44:18 Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh. 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? 44:20 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.

44:21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. 44:22 And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die. 44:23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more. 44:24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

44:25 And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food. 44:26 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us.

44:27 And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons: 44:28 And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: 44:29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

44:30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life; 44:31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. 44:32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.

44:33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. 44:34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father." (Genesis 44:18-34 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did the four centuries that the Israelites sojourned in Egypt begin and end under the leadership of an Israelite who rose from a slave to a prince?
See The Israelites Of The Pharaoh's Palace


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This Day In History, September 2

490 BC: The Greek hero Pheidippides died (see Demigod to understand the origin of the term "hero").

47 BC: Cleopatra VII of Egypt declared her son to be co-ruler, with the name Ptolemy XV Caesarion (see The Cleopatra Connection).

31 BC: Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus (as he is also recorded in the Bible i.e. Luke 2:1-7) defeated Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. Some historians regard this date to be the end of the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome) and the beginning of the Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars).

Battle of Actium 1547: Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes died at age 62. The "Conqueror" battled Aztec emperor Montezuma in Mexico.

1649: Castro, Italy was destroyed by military forces at the behest of Pope Innocent X.

1752: The last day that the Julian Calendar (named after Roman emperor Julius Caesar) was used in Britain and its colonies. The present Gregorian calendar (named after Roman Catholic Pope Gregory XIII) began in use the next day.

1807: The British began bombarding Copenhagen to stop Napoleon from using the Danish fleet against Britain.

1859: A solar storm caused outages in telegraph service.

1864: During the U.S. Civil War, Atlanta, Georgia fell to Federal troops.

1870: During the Franco-Prussian War, France suffered a devastating defeat at Sedan when the Germans captured an entire French army along with emperor Napoleon III. The new German Reich chose September 2 - in commemoration of the German victory and French humiliation - as a national holiday. The French response to the German victory was the deposition of Napoleon III and a proclamation of a republican Government of National Defense.

1901: U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt stated his famous imperial policy that the then-emerging U.S. Empire (ironically, the U.S. has become what its founders rebelled against) should "speak softly and carry a big stick."

1935: The "Labor Day Hurricane of 1935" killed over 400 people in the Florida Keys.

1944: Anne Frank, at age 15, was sent to the Auschwitz concentration camp. The Dutch-Jewish girl, famous for her Diary of Anne Frank died at the Belsen concentration camp the next year, shortly before it was liberated by Allied troops near the end of the Second World War.

1945: "VJ Day" at the end of the Second World War. Japanese officials signed the terms of surrender with Allied leaders in Tokyo Bay.

1945: Vietnam declared its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. The country was later divided into North and South by French imperial forces, triggering the later Vietnam civil war that the U.S. became involved in during the 1960s, before the Vietnamese people were again unified into a single country in the 1970s, free of foreign interference.

1969: At the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), computer researchers made the first working connection between two huge, primitive computers. Some regard that event as the birth of the computer network that became the Internet.

1980: Terry Fox (who lost a leg to cancer) was forced to stop his cross-Canada "Marathon of Hope" run at Thunder Bay, Ontario, after he learned that his cancer had returned.

1998: The UN International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda found Jean Paul Akayesu guilty of genocide.

2001: South African heart surgeon Christiaan Barnard died at age 78. In 1967, he became the first to perform a heart transplant on a live human.





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