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Sunday, September 22 2013

Exodus 11: The Passover Moon At Midnight

"Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die"

The LORD's calendar of days, months and years is determined by His Creation (the week, which is not directly observable in nature, was created separately with and by His true Sabbath Day: "2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made." Genesis 2:2-3 KJV).

"1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day." (Genesis 1:14-19 KJV)

Phases Of The Moon The geometry of the moon's orbit around the Earth provides a stable, predictable cycle of moon phases. The full moon always rises at sunset, transits the meridian (i.e. reaches the highest point in the sky, half-way between rising and setting) at midnight and sets at sunrise. The same progressing schedule applies to all of the other phases of the moon through the month (the English word "month" originally meant moon).

  • The New Moon always rises at sunrise, transits the meridian at noon, sets at sunset

  • The First Quarter Moon always rises at noon, transits the meridian at sunset, sets at midnight

  • The Full Moon always rises at sunset, transits the meridian at midnight, sets at sunrise

  • The Last Quarter Moon always rises at midnight, transits the meridian at sunrise, sets at noon

The LORD's calendar month begins when the crescent new moon becomes visible to anyone whose view of it is not blocked by clouds (see the Fact Finder question below), thereby always making the middle of the month, around the fourteenth, the time of the full moon. Passover was also declared to be observed from the fourteenth day of the month - the time of the full moon, that always rises at sunset and reaches its highest point in the sky at midnight.

"12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. 12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD'S passover." (Exodus 12:5-11 KJV)

So it was then that the death of the firstborn would occur at midnight - with a bright, full moon overhead.

"11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.

11:2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. 11:3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.

11:4 And Moses said, Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. 11:6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more.

11:7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel. 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger.

11:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that my wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.

11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land." (Exodus 11:1-10 KJV)

Fact Finder: How was the New Moon crescent used to determine the beginning of the month of the LORD's commanded (Genesis 1:14-19) true Christian calendar? (the LORD God was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
See The New Moon Calendar


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This Day In History, September 22

66: Roman Emperor Nero created the Legion I Italica (see also Legions Of Men And Angels and Nero's Torches).

904: The Chinese warlord Zhu Quanzhong executed Emperor Zhaozong after seizing control of the imperial government.

1499: The Peace of Basel ended the Swiss (also known as the Swabian War) between the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I and the Swiss Confederation.

The Salem Witch Trials 1530: The first version of the Apology of the Augsburg Confession was presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) after the Emperor had declared that the Confutation (August 3 1530) prepared by the Catholic theologians to refute the Augsburg Confession (June 25 1530) properly presented his Catholic faith. The Emperor demanded that the reformers return to the Catholic church and refused to accept the Apology when it was presented to him. See Emperors and Popes to understand that emperors always (past and yet future) claimed superiority to popes (listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).

1556: Johann Agricola died at age 72. The "protestant" reformer, a friend of Martin Luther (he convinced Luther to study Roman theology instead of medicine) was an advocate of antinomianism (anti = "against", nomos = "law") - a Satanic blasphemy that falsely claims that Christians are "freed by grace" from the need to obey The Ten Commandments (see Antinomianism).

1692: The last official executions for witchcraft (see What Is Sorcery?) in Massachusetts. During the Salem Witch Trials, 8 people who been falsely accused of witchcraft were hung, bringing to a total of 13 women and 7 men who were put to death over the course of the brief witch-hunt era (see also What Does Wicked Mean? to understand how the word for witchcraft, wicca, is the same as the word for those who make false accusations against innocent people).

1761: George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.

1784: A Russian colony was established in what is today Alaska. Russia sold the territory to the U.S. in 1867.

1862: Abraham Lincoln issued his first Emancipation Proclamation attempt to free U.S. slaves.

1888: The first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published.

1896: Queen Victoria surpassed King George III (her grandfather) as the longest reigning monarch in British history. Queen Victoria reigned 63 years and 7 months. As of 2013, Queen Elizabeth II has reigned 61 years, the second-longest reign in British history (Queen Elizabeth II is the great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria).

1914: During the First World War, the German submarine SM U-9 torpedoed and sank the British cruisers, HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy on the Broad Fourteens off the Dutch coast. Over 1,400 men were lost.

1918: During World War 1 (1914-1918), British forces in Israel (then known as "Palestine," an English rendering of "Philistine") captured Nazareth and Haifa from the Ottoman (Turkish) forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1949: The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb, ending the U.S. monopoly of atomic weapons.

1965: The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (also known as the Second Kashmir War) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ended with a UN sponsored cease-fire.

1975: Sara Jane Moore attempted to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.

1980: Polish workers won the right to form independent unions, from which came the Solidarity movement with Lech Walesa as its elected leader.

1980: The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.

1991: The Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to public viewing for the first time (listen to our Sermon The Dead Sea Scrolls).

2011: CERN scientists claimed a discovery of neutrinos breaking the speed of light.


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