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Sunday, September 22 2013
Exodus 11: The Passover Moon At Midnight
"Thus saith the LORD, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die"
The LORD's calendar of days, months and years is determined by His Creation (the week, which is not directly observable in nature, was created separately with and by His true Sabbath Day: "2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made." Genesis 2:2-3 KJV).
"1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.
The geometry of the moon's orbit around the Earth provides a stable, predictable cycle of moon phases. The full moon always rises at sunset, transits the meridian (i.e. reaches the highest point in the sky, half-way between rising and setting) at midnight and sets at sunrise. The same progressing schedule applies to all of the other phases of the moon through the month (the English word "month" originally meant moon).
The LORD's calendar month begins when the crescent new moon becomes visible to anyone whose view of it is not blocked by clouds (see the Fact Finder question below), thereby always making the middle of the month, around the fourteenth, the time of the full moon. Passover was also declared to be observed from the fourteenth day of the month - the time of the full moon, that always rises at sunset and reaches its highest point in the sky at midnight.
"12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.
So it was then that the death of the firstborn would occur at midnight - with a bright, full moon overhead.
"11:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.
Fact Finder: How was the New Moon crescent used to determine the beginning of the month of the LORD's commanded (Genesis 1:14-19) true Christian calendar? (the LORD God was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God).
This Day In History, September 22
904: The Chinese warlord Zhu Quanzhong executed Emperor Zhaozong after seizing control of the imperial government.
1499: The Peace of Basel ended the Swiss (also known as the Swabian War) between the Holy Roman emperor Maximilian I and the Swiss Confederation.
1530: The first version of the Apology of the Augsburg Confession was presented to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation) after the Emperor had declared that the Confutation (August 3 1530) prepared by the Catholic theologians to refute the Augsburg Confession (June 25 1530) properly presented his Catholic faith. The Emperor demanded that the reformers return to the Catholic church and refused to accept the Apology when it was presented to him. See Emperors and Popes to understand that emperors always (past and yet future) claimed superiority to popes (listen also to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).
1556: Johann Agricola died at age 72. The "protestant" reformer, a friend of Martin Luther (he convinced Luther to study Roman theology instead of medicine) was an advocate of antinomianism (anti = "against", nomos = "law") - a Satanic blasphemy that falsely claims that Christians are "freed by grace" from the need to obey The Ten Commandments (see Antinomianism).
1692: The last official executions for witchcraft (see What Is Sorcery?) in Massachusetts. During the Salem Witch Trials, 8 people who been falsely accused of witchcraft were hung, bringing to a total of 13 women and 7 men who were put to death over the course of the brief witch-hunt era (see also What Does Wicked Mean? to understand how the word for witchcraft, wicca, is the same as the word for those who make false accusations against innocent people).
1761: George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz were crowned King and Queen of Great Britain.
1784: A Russian colony was established in what is today Alaska. Russia sold the territory to the U.S. in 1867.
1862: Abraham Lincoln issued his first Emancipation Proclamation attempt to free U.S. slaves.
1888: The first issue of National Geographic Magazine was published.
1896: Queen Victoria surpassed King George III (her grandfather) as the longest reigning monarch in British history. Queen Victoria reigned 63 years and 7 months. As of 2013, Queen Elizabeth II has reigned 61 years, the second-longest reign in British history (Queen Elizabeth II is the great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria).
1914: During the First World War, the German submarine SM U-9 torpedoed and sank the British cruisers, HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy on the Broad Fourteens off the Dutch coast. Over 1,400 men were lost.
1918: During World War 1 (1914-1918), British forces in Israel (then known as "Palestine," an English rendering of "Philistine") captured Nazareth and Haifa from the Ottoman (Turkish) forces (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1949: The Soviet Union exploded its first atomic bomb, ending the U.S. monopoly of atomic weapons.
1965: The Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 (also known as the Second Kashmir War) between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, ended with a UN sponsored cease-fire.
1975: Sara Jane Moore attempted to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.
1980: Polish workers won the right to form independent unions, from which came the Solidarity movement with Lech Walesa as its elected leader.
1980: The Persian Gulf conflict between Iran and Iraq erupted into full-scale war.
1991: The Dead Sea Scrolls were made available to public viewing for the first time (listen to our Sermon The Dead Sea Scrolls).
2011: CERN scientists claimed a discovery of neutrinos breaking the speed of light.