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Saturday, September 28 2013
Exodus 16: Manna and Quail
"At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God"
The Israelites had become accustomed to being cared for (as one would care for an ox or workhorse) by their slave masters - who apparently fed them well, while working and abusing them to death (see Exodus 5: Bricks Without Straw and Exodus 8: Let My People Go). They soon complained to Moses: "Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger." After four centuries of being reduced to slaves, they had forgotten that with true freedom comes responsibility and self-sufficiency (see Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation).
"16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai [see Paul's Geography Lesson], on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.
The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) then declared that He would feed them, for the time being, while teaching them that freedom isn't anarchy i.e. "I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no."
"16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.
The delivery of manna to the Israelites is one of the most famous events of Bible history. The manna however was only part of the food delivery.
"16:6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt [see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Exodus]: 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?
The LORD then appeared and declared "At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread."
"16:10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud [see also The Clouds of Heaven; also What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?].
As promised, the Israelites were fed with quail in the evening and manna in the morning.
"16:13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. 16:14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. 16:15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was.
The Israelites had not yet arrived at Mount Sinai, where they were given the Ten Commandments. The reason that the Fourth Commandment says "Remember the Sabbath Day" is because they had already been instructed about the Sabbath - when they were given the quail and manna.
"16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. 16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.
As they continued to do through their time in the Sinai, the adult former-slave generation were rebels and whiners - the reason that it was the children of the Exodus, not the adults of the Exodus, that entered the Promised Land, after a forty year delay (see Deuteronomy: The Law and History Lessons By Moses).
"16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. 16:28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day." (Exodus 16:27-30 KJV)
For the particular object-lesson that it involved (see the Fact Finder question below), a jar of manna was placed in the Ark of the Covenant.
"16:31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. 16:32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.
Fact Finder: What is the connection between "manna" and the Passover Lamb of God?
This Day In History, September 28
48 BC: Roman General Pompey (Cneius Pompeius Magnus) was assassinated in Egypt by a soldier under orders from King Ptolomy (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and The Cleopatra Connection).
351: The Battle of Mursa Major. Roman Emperor Constantius II defeated the usurper Magnentius.
365: Roman usurper Procopius gained the loyalty of two legions (by bribery) at Constantinople and proclaimed himself Roman emperor (see also Legions Of Men And Angels). Constantinople was named after Constantine (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad)
1066: William the Conqueror invaded England. He was later was crowned king after defeating and killing Harold at the Battle of Hastings.
1106: The Battle of Tinchebrai. Henry I of England defeated his brother, Robert Curthose.
1238: Muslim Valencia surrendered to the besieging King James I of Aragon.
1542: Spanish explorer Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo "discovered" California (it wasn't a discovery to the native-born people who were already there).
1791: France became the first European country to emancipate its Jewish population.
1793: The Upper Canada legislators decreed that all slave children born in Canada after that date would become free at age 25. "Upper" and "Lower" Canada were terms of that time based on the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River to the Atlantic Ocean. "Upper" Canada (i.e. upriver Canada) was the general area of Ontario today, while "Lower" Canada (i.e. downriver Canada) was the general area of Quebec today.
1867: Toronto became the capital of the Canadian Province of Ontario.
1871: The Parliament of Brazil passed the Law of the Free Womb, thereby granting freedom to all children born thereafter to slave mothers.
1895: Louis Pasteur died at age 73. The French chemist made many important discoveries involving bacterial diseases and vaccination against them.
1922: Amidst strikes and general political turmoil, Benito Mussolini and his Fascists marched on Rome. King Victor Emmanuel III had him form a government.
1928: The Parliament of the United Kingdom outlawed cannabis with the passing the Dangerous Drugs Act (see also Seed-Bearing Plants: For Food Or For Folly?).
1928 Scottish biologist Sir Alexander Fleming discovered a bacteria-killing mold growing in his laboratory. It was later named penicillin.
1939: Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union agreed on a division of Poland after their invasion of the country at the beginning of the Second World War (1939-1945).
1953: Astronomer Edwin Hubble died at age 63. The Hubble Space Telescope is named after him.
1956: William Boeing died at age 75. His U.S. aircraft manufacturing company produced many military aircraft ("B" as in Boeing) B-17 Flying Fortress, B-52 (i.e. from the year 1952) Stratofortress and civilian airliners such as the Boeing 747.
1961: A military coup in Damascus, Syria ended the United Arab Republic, a union between Egypt and Syria.
1978: The Israeli Knesset ratified the Camp David Peace Accord that had been signed between Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).
1987: Palestinians ("Palestine" is an English word that originated from "Philistine") began their "Intifada" against Israel.
1994: About 900 people were killed when the ferry Estonia sank in the Baltic Sea southwest of Finland after the locking mechanism on a bow door failed.
1995: Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO chairman Yasser Arafat signed an accord to transfer much of the "West Bank" to the control of its Arab residents (see also Why East And West Manasseh?).
1999: Nigel Broakes died at age 65. The British financier's holdings included London's Ritz Hotel and the Cunard shipping line.
2000: Pierre Trudeau, the 15th Prime Minister of Canada (1968-1979 and 1980-1984), died at age 80.