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Monday, September 30 2013

Exodus 18: Jethro's Advice

" Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee"

When Moses fled from Egypt, he settled in the Sinai with Jethro of Midian (see Exodus 2: The Drawing Of Moses and Exodus 3: The Sign Of The Flaming Bush). When the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) sent Moses back to Egypt for the Exodus, Moses' wife and children remained with Jethro until his return.

"18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt; 18:2 Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back, 18:3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: 18:4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:

Jethro and Moses 18:5 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God: 18:6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

18:7 And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent. 18:8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them." (Exodus 18:1-8 KJV)

Although Jethro was not an Israelite (he was however just as much a descendant of Abraham as the Israelites; see Midian), he was well-familiar with the LORD: "I know that the LORD is greater than all gods."

"18:9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. 18:10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians. 18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them. 18:12 And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God." (Exodus 18:9-12 KJV)

The Israelites came out of Egypt as a great multitude. Moses, at first, attempted to lead alone, but was soon overwhelmed by the number of people. It was Jethro who suggested an efficient command structure ("rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens") that, as it providentially happened, would be in place just before the Israelites received the Law from Mount Sinai. It would also be the means by which Moses could immediately communicate throughout the multitude, with his words quickly passed "down the line" through each level of sub-rulers.

"18:13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening. 18:14 And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even?

18:15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God: 18:16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

18:17 And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good. 18:18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone. 18:19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: 18:20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do. 18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: 18:22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee. 18:23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace." (Exodus 18:13-23 KJV)

So righteous Jethro departed from the Israelites and "went his way into his own land."

"18:25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

18:27 And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land." (Exodus 18:25-27 KJV)

Fact Finder: How did Moses and Jethro's daughter Zipporah meet and marry? Who were their children?
See Moses And Zipporah


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This Day In History, September 30

425: Church of Rome (which was created by the Roman Emperor Constantine; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy) theologian Jerome died at about age 65. He produced the Roman Catholic Latin Vulgate version of the Bible (ironically, most Roman Catholics do not own, let alone read, the Holy Bible).

489: The Battle of Verona. The Ostrogoths under King Theodoric defeated the forces of Odoacer.

1399: Henry Bolingbroke succeeded to the English throne as Henry IV after Richard II abdicated the day before.

1452: The Gutenberg Bible was published.

1541: Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto and his army entered Tula territory in what is present-day western Arkansas.

Nazi War Crimes Trial 1630: John Billington, one of the pilgrims aboard the Mayflower, became the first criminal to be hung in the "New World" after he was found guilty of murder (to understand the actual Biblical meaning of "pilgrim," see The Pilgrims).

1846: Ether was first used as an anesthetic. Dr. William Morton, a dentist in Massachusetts, was the first to use anesthesia to extract a tooth.

1871: British garrison troops throughout Canada returned to Britain and were replaced with Canadian militia, who then formed the Canadian Army - small in peace time, big in war, or if invaded e.g. during the Second World War, Canada had an army, navy (with 3 aircraft carriers through the "Cold War" era) and air force of 1 million military personnel, plus another million civilians as homeland defense militia. Canada has not been invaded in 2 centuries (the last to do so was the U.S. during the War of 1812).

1888: The serial killer known as Jack the Ripper murdered his third and fourth victims, Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddowes, in London.

1895: Madagascar became a French protectorate.

1907: Scottish-born Alexander Graham Bell, who invented the telephone in Brantford, Ontario, established the Aerial Experimental Association at Baddeck, Nova Scotia. Bell carried on developmental work on aircraft, experimenting with rockets, kites and gliders (Bell is buried in Nova Scotia).

1938 The League of Nations unanimously outlawed the "intentional bombing of civilian populations." The law was ignored by every war-making nation on Earth, then and ever since.

1938: The Munich Agreement was signed by Adolf Hitler of Germany, Benito Mussolini of Italy, Neville Chamberlain of Britain and Edward Daladier of France. It permitted Germany to occupy the Sudetenland, a border region of Czechoslovakia that contained 3,000,000 ethnic Germans.

1946: An international military tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany, found 22 Nazi leaders guilty of war crimes.

1949: The Berlin Airlift ended. Allied aircraft made 277,214 flights to deliver 2,323,738 tons of supplies to Berlin whose land access routes had been cut off by a Soviet blockade.

1952: The Revised Standard Version of the Bible was published in its entirety. The New Testament of the RSV had been available since 1946.

1954: West Germany became a member of NATO.

1962: Mexican-U.S. labor leader Cesar Chavez founded the National Farm Workers Association (later known as the United Farm Workers).

1966: Nazi war criminals Albert Speer and Baldur von Schrach were released from Spandau prison after 20 year sentences. Their departure left only 1 prisoner, Rudolf Hess, in the prison built for 600 prisoners. Hess died in 1987 at the age of 93 by hanging himself with a lamp cord in the prison reading room.

1980: Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah) introduced the shekel as the nation's monetary unit, replacing the Israeli pound. The shekel was the name of the ancient Israelite monetary unit as recorded in the Bible.

1993: A series of earthquakes struck southwest India. 10,000 bodies were recovered, but an estimated 22,000 people were killed.

1999: Japan's second-worst nuclear accident occurred at a uranium reprocessing facility in Tokai-mura, northeast of Tokyo.

2009: A major earthquake struck Sumatra; over 1,100 people were killed.



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