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Thursday, October 3 2013

Exodus 21: The Scales Of Justice

"A just weight and balance are the LORD's: all the weights of the bag are His Work"

When the LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word, The Kingdom Of The LORD God and The Forerunner Of Man and Of God) delivered His all-Christian Ten Commandments (see Exodus 19: Arrival At Mount Sinai and Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments), He further provided examples of how to apply His timeless Law to the customs of human life during any epoch.

While the traditional "scale of justice" is usually regarded as a man-made notion, it actually had its origin in the Holy Scriptures: "16:9 A man's heart deviseth his way: but the LORD directeth his steps. 16:10 A divine sentence is in the lips of the king: his mouth transgresseth not in judgment. 16:11 A just weight and balance are the LORD'S: all the weights of the bag are his work." (Proverbs 16:9-11 KJV). Notice also the striking similarity of the scales of justice to Christ's true Cross (see The Cross Of Christ, Or The Cross Of Men?) and Christ's prophetic Menorah (see The Menorah: Lighting The Way).

Scales of Justice

"21:1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

21:2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him. 21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

21:5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her. 21:9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. 21:10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish. 21:11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money." (Exodus 21:1-11 KJV)

Christ's command about "Eye for eye, tooth for tooth" were an object lesson that crimes are entirely forgivable after genuine repentance (i.e. see Did Judas Iscariot Repent?) and justice is delivered. In God's Law, murderers were not sentenced to "life."

"21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee. 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

21:18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed: 21:19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

21:20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished. 21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.

21:22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine. 21:23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, 21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 21:25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake. 21:27 And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

21:28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit. 21:29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. 21:30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

21:33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein; 21:34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

21:35 And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide. 21:36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own." (Exodus 21:12-36 KJV)

Fact Finder: What does "ruler" mean in the Holy Scriptures?
See The Rules Of Rulers


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This Day In History, October 3

52 BC: During the Gallic Wars, a series of military campaigns by the Roman proconsul (see The Politics Of Rome) Julius Caesar against several Gallic tribes in what is today France and Belgium, the Battle of Alesia ended when Vercingetorix, leader of the Gauls, surrendered to the Romans under Julius Caesar.

The Battle of Alesia 42 BC: The First Battle of Philippi. Mark Antony (see also The Cleopatra Connection) and Octavian won a decisive battle over Julius Caesar's assassins, Brutus and Cassius. Octavian later became Caesar Augustus, the first Roman Emperor, who declared the famous census that resulted in the prophecy of the Messiah being born in Bethlehem being fulfilled (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars; also Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate?).

1656: Miles Standish died. As an English military officer, Standish was hired by the "Pilgrims" to be a military advisor (he served as the commander of the Pilgrim Militia at Plymouth) for defending their colony in New England (for the actual Biblical meaning of "pilgrim," see The Pilgrims). He was made famous by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem The Courtship of Miles Standish.

1691: The Treaty of Limerick was signed, ending the Irish Rebellion against British rule.

1739: Russia signed a treaty with the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire), ending a three-year conflict between the two countries.

1838: Black Hawk died at age 71. He was the "Indian" (an erroneous term applied to the native people of North and South America by European explorers who thought that they had landed in India) leader of the Sauk and Fox tribes in Illinois; the Black Hawk War of 1832 is named after him.

1863: U.S. President Abraham Lincoln declared the last Thursday in November to be the U.S. Thanksgiving Day. The observance of Thanksgiving itself originated long before it began to be observed in the colonies of continental North America (see Thanksgiving).

1866: Italy and Austria signed the Treaty of Vienna, ending the Seven Weeks War.

1906: At the Berlin Radio Conference in Germany, SOS was established as the international distress signal, replacing the call sign CDQ.

1914: At the start of the First World War (1914-1918), the first brigades of Canadian volunteers sailed from Gaspe, Quebec. The more than 31,000 men, 144 artillery guns and 7,000 horses, escorted by 10 British battleships, arrived in Britain 11 days later. They formed the First Canadian Division, the largest fully-equipped military convoy to cross the Atlantic up to that date.

1929: King Alexander I changed the name of his Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes to Yugoslavia.

1940: In response to Germany's first-ever use of "paratroopers" (i.e. parachute troopers) in war (i.e. Germany's invasion of Denmark with their Fallschirmjager, in English parachute infantry - but contemptuously known to the people that they invaded as the green devils), the U.S. Army began to establish "airborne" troops.

1932: Iraq became an independent nation upon the ending of the British UN mandate there (a military coup in the 1960s brought in the regime that later was ruled by Saddam Hussein - who at first was an obedient puppet of the CIA, as was the neighboring Shah of Iran). After the fall of the Ottoman Empire at the end of the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Britain administered the vast area of the Middle East from Egypt to Iraq that had been under Ottoman control for centuries. Thereafter, while under British military protection, those Arab nations became free and independent (listen to our Sermons The Ottoman Empire), as well as did the land of Israel (listen to our Sermon The Balfour Declaration).

1941: During the Second World War, Adolf Hitler declared that "Russia is defeated and will never rise again" (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion). The German march toward Moscow was subsequently thwarted by the Russian winter.

1942: During the Second World War (1939-1945), the first successful launch of a German V-2 rocket was completed, from a Nazi launch facility at Peenemunde, Germany. The V-2 rocket became the first man-made object to reach space. After the war, many of Hitler's Nazi rocket scientists, including Wernher von Braun, were welcomed into the U.S. where they worked on U.S. military and NASA rockets (some remember Wernher von Braun as "the NASA Nazi").

1952: Britain detonated its first atomic bomb. The test was done at the Monte Bello Islands off the northwest coast of Australia.

1963: A military coup in Honduras overthrew President Ramon Villeda Morales.

1981: A hunger strike at the Maze prison in Belfast ended after 7 months and 10 deaths.

1990: The official political re-unification of East and West Germany after 45 years of Cold War Division (see Ein Volk! Ein Reich! Ein Euro!).

1995: O. J. Simpson was acquitted of his murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman.

2009: The Presidents of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkey signed the Nakhchivan Agreement on the Establishment of Turkic Council.





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