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Sunday, October 6 2013

Exodus 24: The People's Covenant

"He took the Book of the Covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient"

The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) delivered the Ten Commandments (see Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments) to the Israelites as a means for them to chose a free life for themselves (see Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation). It was a timeless object lesson, delivered on a national scale, of salvation (see Christ Died For Repentant Sinners). The "leaders" of Israel were given the responsibility to serve the LORD's people for that "journey."

Mount Sinai

"24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off. 24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him." (Exodus 24:1-2 KJV)

The Law of the LORD is an offer of life that people have to choose to accept and obey. The Israelites did, at first: "And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient."

"24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.

24:5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. 24:6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar. 24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient." (Exodus 24:3-7 KJV)

Notice that the Covenant was sealed with "the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words" (see also The Water and The Blood).

"24:8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words." (Exodus 24:8 KJV)

Centuries after the Exodus, Jesus Christ plainly and authoritatively declared that no man, except the Messiah, has seen the Father.

"1:18 No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him." (John 1:18 KJV)

"5:37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape." (John 5:37 KJV)

"6:46 Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father." (John 6:46 KJV)

No man has seen the Father. But many people have seen the LORD God, as stated in the verses below, Who was later born as Jesus Christ. It was Jesus Christ Who delivered the Israelites in the Exodus, and it was Jesus Christ Who gave the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai: "10:1 Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea; 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea; 10:3 And did all eat the same spiritual meat; 10:4 And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." (1 Corinthians 10:1-4 KJV)

"24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. 24:11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink." (Exodus 24:9-11 KJV)

Moses then returned to the top of Mount Sinai where he received the Covenant in writing (as with any contract, the parties discuss the terms of the agreement before it's put into writing). The Ten Commandments were first spoken ("And God spake all these words" Exodus 20:1 KJV), to which the people spoke their acceptance ("they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient") - after which it was placed in writing.

"24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.

24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God. 24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.

24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud. 24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel. 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights." (Exodus 24:2-18 KJV)

Fact Finder: How were the Ten Commandments written on the Tables of Stone - on just one side (as is popularly, and incorrectly portrayed) or on both sides?
See Turning The Tables


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This Day In History, October 6

69 BC: The Battle of Tigranocerta. Forces of the Roman Republic (see The Politics Of Rome) defeated the army of the Kingdom of Armenia led by King Tigranes the Great.

101: The Battle of Arausio. Germanic tribes (Cimbri and Teutoni) defeated a Roman army in what is today southern France. Germany eventually became the Roman Empire (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Tyndale Translation 1014: The Byzantine Emperor Basil earned the title "Slayer of Bulgers" after he ordered the blinding of 15,000 Bulgerian troops.

1520: German reformer Martin Luther published "Prelude on the Babylonian Captivity of the Church," his famous writing which attacked the entire "sacramental system" (i.e. dead works declared sacred) of the Catholic Church.

1536: English Holy Bible publisher William Tyndale was burned at the stake as a heretic after being arrested near Brussels, Belgium (see also Isaac: Rising From The Ashes).

1762: During the Seven Years' War, the Battle of Manila between Britain and Spain ended; it resulted in the British occupation of Manila for the rest of the war.

1854: In England, the Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead began. It resulted in 53 deaths and hundreds of injuries.

1866: Inventor Reginald Aubrey Fessendon, sometimes described as "the genius Canada forgot," was born, near East Bolton, Quebec. His most important invention was the wireless telephone, which preceded modern radio. He also invented the first wireless compass and the fathometer.

1908: Bosnia and Herzegovina were annexed by Austria.

1928: Chiang Kai-Shek became president of the Republic of China.

1949: "Tokyo Rose," Iva Toguri D'Aquino, who broadcast Japanese propaganda to U.S. forces in the Pacific during Second World War, was sentenced in San Francisco to 10 years in prison and a $10,000 fine on treason charges.

1955: The German Democratic Republic (East Germany) became officially sovereign by agreement with the Soviet Union.

1973: Israel's Yom Kippur War began. On the Day of Atonement, Egypt (under Anwar Sadat) attacked Israeli southern positions on the east bank of the Suez while Syrian, Iraqi and Jordanian forces simultaneously attacked Israeli northern positions on the Golan heights. Although early Arab success was soon slowed by fierce resistance by Israeli troops, U.S. President Richard Nixon, concerned that Israel would use its nuclear weapons (on the second day of the war, Israel's defense minister Moshe Dayan urged Prime Minister Golda Meir to use nuclear weapons) ordered an immediate emergency airlift of U.S. weapons to Israel. Despite winning the fourth major Israeli-Arab conflict since 1948, the cost to Israel was very high - 5,500 dead or wounded, 800 tanks lost (see A History Of Jerusalem: War And Peace).

1976: Cubana de Aviacion Flight 455 from Barbados to Jamaica was destroyed in flight by a CIA-sponsored terrorist attack. It was the deadliest terrorist airline attack in the Western Hemisphere up to that time. All 78 people aboard the Cuban airliner were killed. Most of the accused terrorists who were identified were given refuge in the U.S.

1978: Ayatollah Khomeini, a fanatical Iranian religious leader opposed to the Shah, was granted asylum in France after being expelled from Iran. Khomeini later returned to become Iran's hardline leader when the Shah was overthrown and was himself expelled from Iran. Khomeini claimed that the Shah of Iran was merely a U.S. puppet and that most U.S. diplomats in Iran were CIA agents (accusations later proven true) - claims that fueled the Iranian revolution, which included the takeover of the U.S. Embassy and "the hostage crisis."

1981: President Anwar Sadat of Egypt was assassinated at age 63 by 4 Egyptian soldiers who suddenly broke from a military parade and opened fire on the Presidential reviewing stand. Anwar Sadat had been a signer of the Camp David Peace Accord with Israel in 1978 for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize with Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

1986: A crippled Soviet nuclear submarine sank in the Atlantic Ocean about 2,000 km. east of New York after a fire and explosion aboard the sub 3 days earlier.

1995: Astronomers Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz of the Geneva Observatory in Switzerland announced the discovery of a planet orbiting 51 Pegasi, the first planet discovered orbiting a solar-type star.



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