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Tuesday, October 8 2013
Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle
The LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) delivered the Israelites out of Egypt at, and by means of, the first Christian Passover (see Exodus 12: The First Passover). The Messiah then delivered His Ten Commandments to Israel (see Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments), as a prophetic object-lesson of the time when He will deliver His Law to all of humanity (see The Mount Sinai Prophecy and The Harvest Prophecies). He then also gave them a place that would serve as an ongoing prophecy of salvation (e.g. see Day of Atonement: The Messiah's Deliverance and The Feast Of Tabernacles In History And Prophecy). The first Tabernacle stood as that Holy Place for centuries - through the time of Moses in the Sinai, through the time of Joshua after crossing the Jordan (see Joshua: Crossing The Jordan) and through nearly all of the time of the Judges (see Judges: Right In Their Own Eyes) until the time of Samuel (see 1 Samuel: From Judges To Kings and 2 Samuel: The Kingdom Of David) when the Ark and the Tabernacle were parted (see The Parting of The Ark and The Tabernacle).
The design of the Tabernacle was given to Moses by the LORD.
"26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them. 26:2 The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains shall have one measure. 26:3 The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another. 26:4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second. 26:5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another. 26:6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle." (Exodus 26:1-6 KJV)
The Tabernacle was a portable structure with a wooden frame, covered with animal skins. Woven curtains were used to divide the exterior from the interior sections, and the interior Holy Place from the Most Holy Place (see also The Holy Place In History And Prophecy).
"26:7 And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make. 26:8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure. 26:9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle. 26:10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second. 26:11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one. 26:12 And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle. 26:13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it. 26:14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins." (Exodus 26:7-14 KJV)
The Tabernacle would be the place where the Levite Priesthood, with its High Priest as a direct living prophecy of the Christ (see Christ The High Priest), would conduct their service to the LORD and for the nation. The Levite Priesthood was established at the same time as the building of the Tabernacle (see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood).
"26:15 And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up. 26:16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board. 26:17 Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle. 26:18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward. 26:19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons. 26:20 And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards: 26:21 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board. 26:22 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards. 26:23 And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. 26:24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners. 26:25 And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board." (Exodus 26:15-25 KJV)
The Israelites camped around the Tabernacle according to their tribes (see The Camp). The Tabernacle was positioned at the heart of the nation, with the Ark of the Covenant positioned in the heart of the Tabernacle.
"26:26 And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle, 26:27 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward. 26:28 And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end. 26:29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.
Fact Finder: What is the significance of a "tabernacle" in the life of a true Christian?
This Day In History, October 8
314: Roman Emperor Licinius was defeated by Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae. Constantine went on to create the Church of Rome and many of its anti-Biblical doctrines, including "Sunday" worship from his idol Sol Invictus - "the invincible sun" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and Why Observe The True Sabbath?).
451: The Council of Chalcedon opened.
1604: The supernova called "Kepler's nova" was first sighted.
1690: Belgrade was retaken by the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).
1738: Turkey (i.e. the Ottoman Empire) declared war on Russia to support Poland's resistance movement against Russian occupation.
1755: The French people known as Acadians were expelled from Nova Scotia by British forces who believed that they would fight for France if war broke out between "New France" and "New England." Many of the Acadian people later returned, while many others moved to, or remained in, the French colonies in Louisiana (which was named after a French king named Louis) where "Acadian" became pronounced as "Cajun."
1806: British forces who were laying siege to the French port of Boulogne used Congreve Rockets, invented by Sir William Congreve. The first British use of rocket-propelled missiles ("the rocket's red glare").
1840: King William I of Holland abdicated.
1856: Chinese police boarded the British vessel Arrow, arrested 12 Chinese crewmen on charges of piracy, and lowered the British flag. The incident led to the Second Anglo-Chinese War.
1871: The Great Fire of Chicago broke out. According to a popular legend, it was started when Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern in a straw-filled barn. Over 300 people were killed, 90,000 were made homeless. Damage was estimated at $200 million.
1881: A typhoon and tidal wave killed 300,000 people in China and Indo-China.
1912: Montenegro's declaration of war against the Turks (i.e. the Ottoman Empire) began the first Balkan War between members of the Balkan League (Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and Montenegro) and the Ottoman Empire. It was one of two short conflicts in the Balkans just before the First World War. The Balkan states were victorious, and the Ottoman empire lost almost all of its European territory (to understand the connection of the Ottoman Empire to First and Second World Wars, listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1915: During the First World War, the Battle of Loos ended. Despite the loss of almost 430,000 British, French and German troops, neither side gained territory from the battle.
1939: Germany annexed western Poland after its invasion.
1942: The first west to east crossing of the Northwest Passage was completed with the arrival of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP, the "Mounties") schooner St. Roch in Halifax.
1945: President Harry Truman (it was Truman that ordered the atomic bombing of the civilian targets of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that killed over 250,000 men, women and children of those two cities) announced that U.S. atomic bomb secrets were being shared with Britain and Canada. Britain went on to develop its own nuclear arsenal soon afterward, while Canada chose (as it has to the present day) not to arm itself with nuclear weapons despite having abundant natural materials (Canadian uranium is the source for most of the U.S. and British "weapons of mass destruction" and sophisticated technology readily available that would enable their rapid production).
1967: Clement Attlee died at age 84. He was the British Labor Party leader, serving as Prime Minister 1945-1951. Attlee defeated Winston Churchill at the end of the Second World War and presided over the establishment of the welfare state in Britain (nationalizing major British industries and the Bank of England). Internationally, Attlee oversaw the granting of independence to India (that also established the separate nation of Pakistan with a division of India), Burma, Ceylon, and relinquished control of Egypt and "Palestine" where Israel would be founded thanks to the British defeat of the Ottoman Empire that had controlled the land of Israel (and most of the Middle East; listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire) for centuries (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1990: Israeli forces put down an Arab riot in Jerusalem. About 3,000 Arabs hurled stones from the Temple Mount onto thousands of Jews who were praying below at the Western Wall. The Arabs began the riot after hearing rumors that Jewish extremists were planning to march up onto the Temple Mount and lay a cornerstone for the Third Temple. The "Temple Mount Faithful" organization now gather each year during the Festival of Succoth (Tabernacles) appealing for a massive Jewish pilgrimage to reclaim control of the Temple Mount. Some call for the outright destruction of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock to clear the way for the next Temple (while a "Holy Place" must be built for the prophesied "abomination of desolation to happen, when the Ark of the Covenant is found, there will be no time to build a "Temple" - it will most likely be housed in a tent, a Tabernacle, as it was during the 40 years in the Sinai; to understand these things, see our studies The Holy Place In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: Abomination Of Desolation).
1998: The U.S. House of Representatives voted to begin an impeachment inquiry of President Bill Clinton's activities regarding Monica Lewinsky and numerous other matters.
2001: U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the "Office of Homeland Security."