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Thursday, October 10 2013
Exodus 28: The Priestly Garments
The LORD God (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) delivered the Israelites out of their bondage (see Exodus 12: The First Passover and Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation), declared to them His Law of Salvation (see Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments) and provided them with a structure that was to serve as the constitutional heart of the nation (see Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle). The Levite Priesthood was then established at that time (see The Origin Of The Levite Priesthood).
The garments given to the priesthood were a specialized version of clothing that was customary at that time, including the linen turban (see also 'Raghead' Racism). Numerous Christian-professing religions, in their garments that are intended to imitate the Israelite High Priest (e.g. the Papacy of Rome) have ignored the Scriptures and replaced the linen turban with a Roman "mitre" ("a liturgical headdress worn by bishops on formal occasions").
"28:1 And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother [see also The Meeting Of Moses And Aaron], and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons. 28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. 28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. 28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office. 28:5 And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen." (Exodus 28:1-5 KJV)
The Ephod, from the Hebrew word pronounced ay-fode, meaning to bind or to encircle, was a sacred garment worn by the Levitical High Priest. It was skillfully woven from fine linen and embroidered with various colours. The two sections of the ephod were joined together at the shoulders and bound at the waist with a belt of the same design. The ephod was the central part of the priest's official garments.
"28:6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work. 28:7 It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together. 28:8 And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
The High Priest was a living prophecy of the Messiah (see Christ The High Priest). The Most Holy Place represented the Throne of God; the High Priest delivered the atonement blood there once per year as a prophecy of the Messiah delivering His atonement blood to God once for all time (see Why Do Christians Observe The Messiah's Day Of Atonement? and What Happened When The Messiah Arrived In Heaven?).
"28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it. 28:16 Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof. 28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. 28:18 And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. 28:19 And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. 28:20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings. 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
The serving Levites (see The Levites Of Christ) also wore specified linen garments for their prophetic significance (see the Fact Finder question below).
"28:31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 28:32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent. 28:33 And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about: 28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about. 28:35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
Fact Finder: What significance does linen have to Christianity?
This Day In History, October 10
19: Germanicus, Roman general and nephew of emperor Tiberius (Tiberius was the Roman emperor at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ - see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and Whatever Happened To Those Romans?), died at age 34 from poisoning. Note that Germanicus, from which the national name Germany is based, was a Roman name. It's no coincidence that the full official name of the "Holy Roman Empire" was "the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1560: Jacob Arminius was born. The Dutch theologian's teachings brought about Arminianism (a doctrine of election based upon God's foreknowledge).
1580: After a three-day siege, the English Army beheaded 600 Irish and Papal soldiers and civilians at Dun an Oir, Ireland.
1733: France declared war on Austrian Emperor Charles VI after Augustus III was elected in Poland instead of the French preferred candidate Stanislav Leszczynski.
1780: The Great Hurricane of 1780 killed up to 30,000 people in the Caribbean.
1864: The "Fathers of Confederation" met at the Quebec Conference to discuss the political union of British North America. The 33 delegates from Upper and Lower Canada, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island passed 72 resolutions as an outline to the proposed union; these eventually formed the core of The British North America Act, the original Constitution of Canada.
1911: The Panama Canal officially opened.
1911: Chinese nationalist leader Sun Yat Sen proclaimed a republic at Wuchang (The Wuchang Uprising) and began the revolution that overthrew the Manchu dynasty.
1918: During the First World War, the German submarine UB-123 sank the Irish mail and passenger boat Leinster in the Irish Sea. Of the over 770 people aboard the ship, over 500 were killed.
1935: A coup by the pro-monarchy Greek Armed Forces took place in Athens. It overthrew the government of Panagis Tsaldaris and established a regency under Georgios Kondylis, thereby ending the Second Hellenic Republic.
1938: Germany completed its occupation of the Sudetenland by taking part of Czechoslovakia. It was one of the acts of aggression by Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) that resulted in the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1973: U.S. Vice-President Spiro Agnew pleaded guilty in a Baltimore courtroom to tax evasion and accepting kickbacks. Agnew resigned later that day and was replaced by Gerald Ford, who then later became President after Richard Nixon resigned to avoid criminal prosecution for "Watergate" (Ford was the only man to serve as both U.S. Vice-president and President without ever being elected to either office).
1985: U.S. warplanes intercepted an Egyptian civilian airliner and forced it to land in Italy. The commandeering was executed to arrest passengers who had been responsible for the earlier hijacking of the Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro during which elderly wheelchair-bound Jewish-U.S. passenger Leon Klinghoffer was murdered.
1995: Israel began its West Bank pullback and freed hundreds of Palestinian prisoners after a deal with the PLO ("Palestine Liberation Organization").