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Wednesday, October 16 2013
Exodus 34: The Second Tables Of Stone
"Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest"
The first set of written Ten Commandments were broken by Moses when he returned to the Israelite camp and found them running wild like liberal heathens (see Exodus 32: The Mount Sinai Riot):
"32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount." (Exodus 32:19 KJV)
Some time later (see Exodus 33: Why Did Moses Pitch A Tabernacle Outside The Camp?), the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) commanded Moses to return up on Mount Sinai "and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables." (see also Turning The Tables).
"34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest. 34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. 34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount." (Exodus 34:1-3 KJV)
The second set were identical in text to the first set - the LORD wrote both of them. The only very-likely difference may have been that the first set of tables were much more finely carved - the LORD made the first set ("24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them" Exodus 24:12 KJV), while Moses made the second set ("34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone" Exodus 34:4 KJV).
"34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. 34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD. 34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation." (Exodus 34:4-7 KJV)
At that point, the LORD had declared that He would no longer be in the midst of them (see Exodus 33: Why Did Moses Pitch A Tabernacle Outside The Camp?), but Moses pleaded for the LORD to restore His Presence among Israel.
"34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped. 34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O Lord, let my Lord, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance." (Exodus 34:8-9 KJV)
The LORD answered Moses' plea in the affirmative - with a reiteration of the Law of righteousness. The LORD gave Israel a second chance, thanks to Moses.
"34:10 And he said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee. 34:11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite. 34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee: 34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: 34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:
The return of Moses happened the second time as it should have happened the first time.
"34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him. 34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him. 34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them. 34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
This Day In History, October 16
456: Magister militum Ricimer defeated Emperor Avitus at Piacenza and became the leader of the Western Roman Empire (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars and The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1555: During the reign of (Roman Catholic) Queen Mary I (known to history as "Bloody Mary" because of the religious persecution that she inflicted upon those who rejected papal rule of Britain), English Protestant reformers Hugh Latimer and Nicholas Ridley were burned at the stake at Oxford after being convicted of anti-Rome "heresy" e.g. promoting the printing of English-language Bibles so that people could read the Word of God for themselves (see A Christian Holy Bible Reading Plan With Detailed Study Notes and What Does Word of God Mean To You?).
1594: William Allen died at age 62. The English cardinal supervised the preparation of the Roman Catholic Reims-Douai translation of the Bible (see also Why Call Me, Lord, Lord, and Do Not The Things Which I Say?). During his lifetime he was much involved in subversive activities against the Protestant government of Queen Elizabeth I. In a blatant act of high treason, he called upon the Catholic King Philip II of Spain to conquer England and assume the English throne. After Philip's invasion force, the Spanish Armada, was defeated by the British navy (and some very "miraculous" weather), Allen fled to Rome where he was made a cardinal.
1710: Port Royal, Acadia (now Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia) was captured from the French by the British. The Treaty of Utrecht, signed 3 years later, gave the mainland part of present-day Nova Scotia to Britain, but left Cape Breton Island and present-day New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island with France (until 1763 at the conclusion of the French and Indian War, when they too came under British rule). In 1755 many Acadians were deported for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to Britain. Many of them went to the French colony known today as Louisiana (named after French king Louis) where "acadian" became pronounced as "cajun."
1793: Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, wife of King Louis XVI, was beheaded during the French Revolution.
1813: Thee 3 day Battle of Leipzig began (also called the Battle of The Nations). It was a decisive victory of the allies over Napoleon. During the battle, most of Napoleon's German auxiliary forces went over to the allies. A large monument commemorates the battle which cost about 120,000 casualties.
1841: Queen's University was founded in Kingston, Ontario, Canada.
1859: John Brown led his famous raid on the U.S. arsenal at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia, and seized the armory to provide for his anti-slavery militia. He was later captured and hanged.
1934: The "Long March" of Chinese communists began under Mao Zedong.
1946: After being convicted of crimes against humanity at the Nuremberg trials, the major Nazi war criminals were executed the same day: Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Ernst Kaltenbrunner, Alfred Rosenberg, Hans Frank, Wilhelm Frick, Julius Streicher, Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Fritz Sauckel, Alfred Jodl. Hermann Goering escaped the gallows by committing suicide in his jail cell the day before (see also Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1964: China exploded its first atomic bomb, at the Lop Nor test site in Sinkiang.
1973: U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissenger and North Vietnamese peace negotiator Le Duc Tho were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
1978: Cardinal Karol Wojtyla of Poland was elected Pope, choosing the name John Paul II. He was the first non-Italian pope in 486 years.
1984: A baboon heart was transplanted into a human infant in California. After the transplant, "Baby Fae" lived 30 days.
1987: The Great Storm of 1987 in Britain. 20 people were killed when a devastating gale with gusts up to 115 mph struck southern Britain, the worst since records began. The storm flattened 15,000,000 trees and caused 1,000,000,000 pounds damage.
1998: Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet was arrested in London on a warrant from Spain that requested his extradition on murder charges.
2002: Bibliotheca Alexandrina was opened in the Egyptian city of Alexandria. It commemorates the great Library of Alexandria that was lost in antiquity.