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Thursday, November 28 2013

Numbers 10: North To The Promised Land

"The children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran"

When the Israelite multitude left Egypt (see Exodus 1: I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation) at the Passover (see Exodus 12: The First Passover), they entered the Sinai Peninsula and journeyed south to Mount Sinai (see also Paul's Geography Lesson). After receiving the Law of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ; see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), which established "Israel" as a national prophecy of the yet-future Kingdom of God (see Leviticus 23: The True Christian Holy Days), the Israelites were ready to finish the journey with a northward trek into the Promised Land.

The people of Israel had been given an efficient communication system (see Exodus 18: Jethro's Advice) which was then further advanced with the sound of trumpets, "that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps."

Sinai

"10:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

10:2 Make thee two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt thou make them: that thou mayest use them for the calling of the assembly, and for the journeying of the camps. 10:3 And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly shall assemble themselves to thee at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 10:4 And if they blow but with one trumpet, then the princes, which are heads of the thousands of Israel, shall gather themselves unto thee. 10:5 When ye blow an alarm, then the camps that lie on the east parts shall go forward. 10:6 When ye blow an alarm the second time, then the camps that lie on the south side shall take their journey: they shall blow an alarm for their journeys. 10:7 But when the congregation is to be gathered together, ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm.

10:8 And the sons of Aaron, the priests, shall blow with the trumpets; and they shall be to you for an ordinance for ever throughout your generations.

10:9 And if ye go to war in your land against the enemy that oppresseth you, then ye shall blow an alarm with the trumpets; and ye shall be remembered before the LORD your God, and ye shall be saved from your enemies.

10:10 Also in the day of your gladness, and in your solemn days, and in the beginnings of your months, ye shall blow with the trumpets over your burnt offerings, and over the sacrifices of your peace offerings; that they may be to you for a memorial before your God: I am the LORD your God." (Numbers 10:1-10 KJV)

With the Tabernacle at the heart (see Exodus 26: The First Christian Tabernacle), the entire nation was able to move with order and precision (see Numbers 2: Israel's Battle Formation).

"10:11 And it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the tabernacle of the testimony. 10:12 And the children of Israel took their journeys out of the wilderness of Sinai; and the cloud rested in the wilderness of Paran. 10:13 And they first took their journey according to the commandment of the LORD by the hand of Moses.

10:14 In the first place went the standard of the camp of the children of Judah according to their armies: and over his host was Nahshon the son of Amminadab. 10:15 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Issachar was Nethaneel the son of Zuar. 10:16 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Zebulun was Eliab the son of Helon. 10:17 And the tabernacle was taken down; and the sons of Gershon and the sons of Merari set forward, bearing the tabernacle.

Paran 10:18 And the standard of the camp of Reuben set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elizur the son of Shedeur. 10:19 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Simeon was Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai. 10:20 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Gad was Eliasaph the son of Deuel. 10:21 And the Kohathites set forward, bearing the sanctuary: and the other did set up the tabernacle against they came.

10:22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies: and over his host was Elishama the son of Ammihud. 10:23 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Manasseh was Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. 10:24 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Benjamin was Abidan the son of Gideoni.

10:25 And the standard of the camp of the children of Dan set forward, which was the rereward of all the camps throughout their hosts: and over his host was Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai. 10:26 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Asher was Pagiel the son of Ocran. 10:27 And over the host of the tribe of the children of Naphtali was Ahira the son of Enan. 10:28 Thus were the journeyings of the children of Israel according to their armies, when they set forward." (Numbers 10:11-28 KJV)

Jethro (also recorded as Raguel, Reuel and Hobab) the Midianite, the man who had taken Moses in when he fled from Egypt (see Exodus 2: The Drawing Of Moses and Exodus 3: The Sign Of The Flaming Bush) and who was then the grandfather of Moses' children (see Moses And Zipporah), declared that he would remain in his own homeland. Moses urged him to remain with the people of Israel (see Exodus 18: Jethro's Advice).

"10:29 And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which the LORD said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for the LORD hath spoken good concerning Israel.

10:30 And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.

10:31 And he said, Leave us not, I pray thee; forasmuch as thou knowest how we are to encamp in the wilderness, and thou mayest be to us instead of eyes. 10:32 And it shall be, if thou go with us, yea, it shall be, that what goodness the LORD shall do unto us, the same will we do unto thee." (Numbers 10:29-32 KJV)

So it was then that the Israelite nation (which means people) moved northward to the place that was promised to be their country (which means a sovereign territory).

"10:33 And they departed from the mount of the LORD three days' journey: and the ark of the covenant of the LORD went before them in the three days' journey, to search out a resting place for them. 10:34 And the cloud of the LORD was upon them by day, when they went out of the camp.

10:35 And it came to pass, when the ark set forward, that Moses said, Rise up, LORD, and let thine enemies be scattered; and let them that hate thee flee before thee. 10:36 And when it rested, he said, Return, O LORD, unto the many thousands of Israel." (Numbers 10:33-36 KJV)

Fact Finder: Did Abraham's son Ishmael make the wilderness of Paran his homeland?
Genesis 21:17-21; see also A Biography Of Abraham: Hagar And Ishmael


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This Day In History, November 28

936: Shi Jingtang was proclaimed as the first emperor of the Later Jin Dynasty by Emperor Taizong of Liao, following a revolt against Emperor Fei of Later Tang.

1095: At the Council of Clermont, Pope Urban II appointed Bishop Adhemar of Le Puy and Count Raymond IV of Toulouse to lead the First Crusade (there were actually many "crusades" before that; see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1520: Off the southern tip of South America, Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan passed through a strait from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. It is today know as the Strait of Magellan.

1660: Christopher Wren, Robert Boyle, John Wilkins, and Sir Robert Moray founded the Royal Society (full name "The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge"). The Society today serves as a scientific advisor to the British government.

1698: Louis Frontenac, governor of New France (at first, only what is today eastern Canada), died at age 78. Ignoring orders from his superiors, Frontenac pushed French exploration in the New World, establishing forts throughout North America, from Atlantic to Pacific, and south to Louisiana - an expansion that eventually led to conflict with the British for control of the north of the North American continent (the Spanish held most of the south of North America and South America).

New France
1729: Natchez natives (that early white explorers called "Indians" because they thought North America was Asia) massacred most of the 300 French settlers and soldiers at Fort Rosalie, Louisiana.

1821: Panama joined Colombia after declaring independence from Spain.

1868: A major eruption of Sicily's Mount Etna.

1899: During the Second Boer War in South Africa, the British under Lord Methuen battled a force of 9,000 Boers (boer is the Dutch word for farmer) in the Battle of Modder River.

1905: In Dublin, the Irish Sinn Fein was founded.

1912: Albania declared its independence after over 400 years of Ottoman (Turkish) rule (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire).

1941: The U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise left Pearl Harbor, Hawaii to deliver fighter planes to Wake Island, to the northwest of Hawaii, unaware that a Japanese attack force was approaching within striking distance from the north. In doing so, it barely missed being in the harbor during the Japanese attack which occurred only 9 days later (the attack on Pearl Harbor was just one of many Japanese near-simultaneous attacks on Australian, Dutch, British and U.S. targets all across the Pacific in December of 1941).

1943: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Britain's Winston Churchill, Russia's Joseph Stalin and U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt met at the Tehran Conference in Iran.

1950: 200,000 North Korean troops launched an attack on South Korea.

1962: Queen Wilhemina of the Netherlands died at age 82.

1971: The Prime Minister of Jordan, Wasfi Tell, was shot by "Black September" terrorists outside the Hilton Hotel in Cairo.

1979: An Air Zealand DC-10 flying from Auckland to the South Pole hit Mount Erebus in Antarctica, killing all 257 people aboard.

1984: Over 250 years after his death, England's William Penn (Pennsylvania is named after him) was made an Honorary Citizen of the U.S. - although it's extremely unlikely that he would have accepted it if he were alive. Although Penn did much city building and political work in the colonies that England had created in the uninhabited wilderness, he did so in loyal patriotism to Britain and the King. Penn did not participate in or agree with the revolution - the reason that he returned to England where he lived the remainder of his life.

1989: With communism crumbling all across Europe, the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia announced that it would surrender its monopoly on political power.

1991: South Ossetia declared independence from Georgia. Georgia was occupied by Soviet Russia in 1921, later becoming part of the Soviet Union as the Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic until its own independence in 1991.





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