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Sunday, December 22 2013

Numbers 34: The Boundaries Of Canaan

"When ye come into the land of Canaan; this is the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof"

When the Israelites crossed the Jordan River to their homeland west of the Jordan River (see also Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan), which was the land of Canaan (see the Fact Finder below), they knew exactly where the boundaries were to be for their nation. Those LORD-commanded borders were also a statement of sovereignty for the neighboring nations (see The Boundary Law).

"34:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

34:2 Command the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land of Canaan; (this is the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof:)" (Numbers 34:1-2 KJV)

The north, south, east and west federal boundaries were declared before the tribal borders within them.

"34:3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward: 34:4 And your border shall turn from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass on to Zin: and the going forth thereof shall be from the south to Kadeshbarnea, and shall go on to Hazaraddar, and pass on to Azmon: 34:5 And the border shall fetch a compass from Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and the goings out of it shall be at the sea.

34:6 And as for the western border, ye shall even have the great sea for a border: this shall be your west border.

34:7 And this shall be your north border: from the great sea ye shall point out for you mount Hor: 34:8 From mount Hor ye shall point out your border unto the entrance of Hamath; and the goings forth of the border shall be to Zedad: 34:9 And the border shall go on to Ziphron, and the goings out of it shall be at Hazarenan: this shall be your north border.

34:10 And ye shall point out your east border from Hazarenan to Shepham: 34:11 And the coast shall go down from Shepham to Riblah, on the east side of Ain; and the border shall descend, and shall reach unto the side of the sea of Chinnereth eastward: 34:12 And the border shall go down to Jordan, and the goings out of it shall be at the salt sea: this shall be your land with the coasts thereof round about." (Numbers 34:3-12 KJV)


The tribal boundaries would be established thereafter in an orderly and precise manner.

"34:13 And Moses commanded the children of Israel, saying, This is the land which ye shall inherit by lot, which the LORD commanded to give unto the nine tribes, and to the half tribe: 34:14 For the tribe of the children of Reuben according to the house of their fathers, and the tribe of the children of Gad according to the house of their fathers, have received their inheritance; and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance: 34:15 The two tribes and the half tribe have received their inheritance on this side Jordan near Jericho eastward, toward the sunrising.

34:16 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 34:17 These are the names of the men which shall divide the land unto you: Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun. 34:18 And ye shall take one prince of every tribe, to divide the land by inheritance. 34:19 And the names of the men are these:

Of the tribe of Judah, Caleb the son of Jephunneh. 34:20 And of the tribe of the children of Simeon, Shemuel the son of Ammihud. 34:21 Of the tribe of Benjamin, Elidad the son of Chislon. 34:22 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Dan, Bukki the son of Jogli. 34:23 The prince of the children of Joseph, for the tribe of the children of Manasseh, Hanniel the son of Ephod. 34:24 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Ephraim, Kemuel the son of Shiphtan. 34:25 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Zebulun, Elizaphan the son of Parnach. 34:26 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Issachar, Paltiel the son of Azzan. 34:27 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Asher, Ahihud the son of Shelomi. 34:28 And the prince of the tribe of the children of Naphtali, Pedahel the son of Ammihud.

34:29 These are they whom the LORD commanded to divide the inheritance unto the children of Israel in the land of Canaan." (Numbers 34:1329 KJV)

Fact Finder: (a) Who was Canaan? (b) How was the land of Canaan known to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob - before any Israelites existed? (c) What does the Holy Bible actually say about Canaanites?
(a) See The Sin Of Canaan
(b) See A Biography Of Abraham: From Ur To Canaan, A Biography Of Jacob: The Return To Canaan and Camped Out In Canaan
(c) See What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?

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This Day In History, December 22

69: Emperor Vitellius was captured and killed at the Gemonian stairs in Rome (see The Politics Of Rome and Pax Romana: The Birth Of The Roman Empire; see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).

China 640: The Saracens under Amrou conquered Alexandria, having invaded Egypt two years earlier.

880: Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang Dynasty, was captured by the rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong.

1135: Stephen of Blois was crowned as the king of England.

1216: Pope Honorius III approved the establishment of the Order of Preachers, more commonly known as the Dominicans.

1681: New England colonists revoked a 22 year-old ban on Christmas celebrations; the ban on the pagan-based festival was soon observed again (listen to our Sermon The Ho-Ho Hoax).

1715: James Stuart, the "Old Pretender" and claimant to the British throne, landed at Peterhead from exile in France to start a rebellion.

1769: The Sino-Burmese War (1765-1769) ended.

1790: The Turkish fortress of Izmail was captured by Alexander Suvorov and his Russian armies.

1807: The U.S. Congress passed the Embargo Act. While it banned all U.S. trade with all other countries, it was directed primarily at Britain and France. The Act was repealed a few years later due to the devastating effect that isolationism had on the U.S. economy itself i.e. it "defended" jobs and business that were negatively affected by competition from imports, but it destroyed the many U.S. jobs and businesses that were dependent upon exports.

1851: India's first freight train began service in Roorkee, India.

1885: Ito- Hirobumi, a samurai warrior, became the first Prime Minister of Japan.

1894: Alfred Dreyfus, French artillery officer, was convicted of selling secrets to Germany and sentenced to imprisonment on Devils Island. He was completely exonerated in 1906.

1896: An arbitration tribunal in Paris ruled that the Bering Sea (a vast area of the north Pacific Ocean between the continents of Asia and North America was international waters, not a U.S. possession.

1942: After his Nazi air force consistently lost to the Royal Air Force in air combat over Britain, Adolf Hitler signed an order to develop rockets as a weapon that could be safely launched from Europe onto Britain (beginning the modern age of combat-from-a-desk, "push button" no-courage-required warfare).

1968: The 82-man crew of the U.S. spy ship Pueblo were released after being seized by North Korea. The ship itself remains in North Korea to this day.

1988: A Pan Am 747 airliner was blown up by a terrorist bomb over Lockerbie, Scotland. All 295 people on board, and 11 people on the ground, were killed.

1989: A revolution in Romania overthrew communist leader Nicolea Ceausescu after 23 years as president.

1990: Former "Solidarity" union leader Lech Walesa became Poland's President.


Copyright © Wayne Blank