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Wednesday, December 25 2013

Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?

The Israelites could have entered their Promised Land in little over just one year after the Exodus (see Numbers 13: The Exploration Of The Promised Land), but they refused to enter - to which the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) declared unto them, as a death sentence, to forty years of aimless wandering in the wilderness of the Sinai Peninsula (see Numbers 14: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?).

If the Israelites had entered their homeland when the LORD first gave them the opportunity to do so, consider the profound difference that it would have made to the subsequent events of Bible history. Here are just a few:

  • The Israelites would have entered the Promised Land through a desert, the Negev (see The Negev Of Israel), rather than across a river, the Jordan, forty years later.

  • Moses would have entered the Promised Land, rather than dying forty years later outside of the original stated boundaries of the Promised Land west of the Jordan River. Aaron and Miriam would also have entered the Promised Land (see Where Are Miriam, Aaron And Moses?).

  • Moses, not Joshua, would have led the Israelites into the Promised Land - there would have been no Book of Joshua, or if there were, it would have begun forty years later, after Moses died forty years later (see Joshua: Crossing The Jordan).

  • There would have been no east of the Jordan River tribal lands (see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan and Why East And West Manasseh?)

  • There would have been no Book of Deuteronomy, which was written to the children and grandchildren of the adult generation of the Exodus - who died in the Sinai (see Numbers 33: The Sinai Journey).

The Book of Deuteronomy begins near the end of Moses' life, near the end of the forty years wandering, "in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel."

Israel From Space

"1:1 These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. 1:2 (There are eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)

1:3 And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them; 1:4 After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:

1:5 On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying, 1:6 The LORD our God spake unto us in Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount: 1:7 Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates. 1:8 Behold, I have set the land before you: go in and possess the land which the LORD sware unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them and to their seed after them." (Deuteronomy 1:1-8 KJV)

The Book of Deuteronomy is a reiteration of the Law that the LORD gave to Moses to deliver to the people of Israel. It was a repetition for Moses, but a first time hearing, as responsible adults, for the Israelites who were about to cross into the Promised Land.

"1:9 And I spake unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone: 1:10 The LORD your God hath multiplied you, and, behold, ye are this day as the stars of heaven for multitude. 1:11 (The LORD God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many more as ye are, and bless you, as he hath promised you!) 1:12 How can I myself alone bear your cumbrance, and your burden, and your strife? 1:13 Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you.

1:14 And ye answered me, and said, The thing which thou hast spoken is good for us to do.

1:15 So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes. 1:16 And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him. 1:17 Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it. 1:18 And I commanded you at that time all the things which ye should do." (Deuteronomy 1:9-18 KJV)

Moses delivered the history lesson of the Book of Deuteronomy - focusing on the rebellious event that caused the wilderness wandering.

"1:19 And when we departed from Horeb, we went through all that great and terrible wilderness, which ye saw by the way of the mountain of the Amorites, as the LORD our God commanded us; and we came to Kadeshbarnea. 1:20 And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us. 1:21 Behold, the LORD thy God hath set the land before thee: go up and possess it, as the LORD God of thy fathers hath said unto thee; fear not, neither be discouraged.

1:22 And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We will send men before us, and they shall search us out the land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come.

The Grapes Of Canaan 1:23 And the saying pleased me well: and I took twelve men of you, one of a tribe: 1:24 And they turned and went up into the mountain, and came unto the valley of Eshcol, and searched it out. 1:25 And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us word again, and said, It is a good land which the LORD our God doth give us." (Deuteronomy 1:19-25 KJV)

Moses spoke to them in the present tense, although the people that he was actually speaking to were all dead. It was a stark emphasis to the children and grandchildren that they were then in the same "place" as their parents and grandparents were when they chose to rebel and fail (see Numbers 11: Winners and Whiners). The difference is that those of that later generation did not fail.

"1:26 Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God: 1:27 And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORD hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 1:28 Whither shall we go up? our brethren have discouraged our heart, saying, The people is greater and taller than we; the cities are great and walled up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.

1:29 Then I said unto you, Dread not, neither be afraid of them. 1:30 The LORD your God which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; 1:31 And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place.

1:32 Yet in this thing ye did not believe the LORD your God, 1:33 Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to shew you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day.

1:34 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, saying, 1:35 Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers, 1:36 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children, because he hath wholly followed the LORD.

1:37 Also the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, saying, Thou also shalt not go in thither. 1:38 But Joshua the son of Nun, which standeth before thee, he shall go in thither: encourage him: for he shall cause Israel to inherit it. 1:39 Moreover your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it. 1:40 But as for you, turn you, and take your journey into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea.

1:41 Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the LORD, we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us. And when ye had girded on every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up into the hill.

1:42 And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I am not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.

1:43 So I spake unto you; and ye would not hear, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD, and went presumptuously up into the hill. 1:44 And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah. 1:45 And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD would not hearken to your voice, nor give ear unto you. 1:46 So ye abode in Kadesh many days, according unto the days that ye abode there." (Deuteronomy 1:26-46 KJV)

Fact Finder: Who succeeded Moses and Aaron?
See From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar


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This Day In History, December 25

274: Roman Emperor Aurelian (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars) declared the pagan Sol Invictus ("the invincible sun," from which the heathen "Sunday" originated; see Why Observe The True Sabbath?) to be the state religion of the Roman Empire and the "Church" that it created for itself (see A History Of Jerusalem: Constantine and Muhammad).

336: The first documented observance of "Christmas" in Rome, observed at the time of their sun god (Sol Invictus) festival (see Does Rome Have Christ's Birth Certificate? and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

496: Clovis and 3,000 of his warriors were baptized into the Church of Rome. Clovis is considered to be the founder of the Frankish kingdom (see the map below), the first Church of Rome king of the Franks, and the only orthodox "Christian" ruler in the west.

597: England adopted the Julian calendar.

795: Adrian I, pope 772-795, died. His relationship with Charlemagne "symbolized the medieval idea of union of church and state in a united Christendom." He was elected with the support of the Frankish party at Rome (see Emperors and Popes).

800: Pope Leo III crowned Charles, King of the Franks (subsequently called Karl der Grosse / Charles the Great, or Charlemagne) "Emperor of the Romans." Some consider this date to be the beginning of "The Holy Roman Empire" (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). The iconography of the Middle Ages shows the Emperor, not the Pope, as "Peter's representative." The emperor was often portrayed as standing alone as "God's earthly vicar" (listen to our Sermon Constantine's Papacy).

Europe
1066: The coronation of King William I (later known as William the Conqueror) of England.

1100: Baldwin of Boulogne, one of the leaders of the Church of Rome's first "Crusade" was crowned the first King of Jerusalem (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1635: French explorer Samuel de Champlain died at age 68. He was the chief founder of "New France" in North America (see also Thanksgiving In History and Prophecy).

1651: The General Court of Boston levied a five shilling fine on anyone found "observing any such day as Christmas" (see Could Santa Claus Have Become The Pope?).

1926: Hirohito became emperor of Japan.

1941: With France under German occupation at the start of the Second World War, many "Free French" forces retreated to the tiny French islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon off the Canadian east coast (St. Pierre and Miquelon are to this day owned by France).

1950: Scottish nationalists stole the Stone of Scone (the "Coronation Stone" or "Stone of Destiny") from the British coronation throne in Westminster Abbey. Weighing 485 pounds / 220 kilograms, it was recovered 4 months later.

1977: Prime Minister Menachem Begin of Israel met with Egyptian President Sadat in Egypt.

1989: Romanian dictator Nicolea Ceausescu and his wife Elena were executed by a rebel firing squad during the overthrow of the communist government.

1991: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev resigned amidst the political death of the "Soviet Union." The USSR lasted for 70 years; it collapsed due to national bankruptcy.


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