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Friday, January 24 2014
Deuteronomy 31: Moses To Joshua
"Moses called unto Joshua, and said unto him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and of a good courage: for thou must go with this people unto the land which the LORD hath sworn unto their fathers to give them; and thou shalt cause them to inherit it"
The adult Israelites of the Exodus were a unique generation. They alone were the generation that became slaves in Egypt (see Deuteronomy 24: How Long Were They Slaves?). They witnessed the Exodus (see Exodus 12: The First Passover) and the crossing of the sea (see Exodus 14: Crossing The Sea) as a matter of what the LORD did for them. Then, at Mount Sinai (see Exodus 19: Arrival At Mount Sinai), they were given the Law of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God). Nevertheless, they refused to enter the Promised Land, when the LORD gave them the opportunity and means to do so only fourteen months after the Exodus.
The result for Moses is that he was unable to lead the Israelites into the Promised Land, as he would have done if they had not been hopeless rebels. Instead, Moses spent forty years in the Sinai, leading that generation in circles until they all died off (see Numbers 14: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?). During that time as well, out of frustration with the whining rebels (see Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation) that he had been given to lead, he made a mistake (see Deuteronomy 3: What Did Moses Pray For At The Jordan River?) that cost him his own entry into the Promised Land (although we know for certain, from the Holy Scriptures, that Moses will be in the Kingdom of God, the ultimate Promised Land - see the Fact Finder question below). The LORD therefore commanded Moses to appoint Joshua to lead the Israelites home.
"31:1 And Moses went and spake these words unto all Israel. 31:2 And he said unto them, I am an hundred and twenty years old this day; I can no more go out and come in: also the LORD hath said unto me, Thou shalt not go over this Jordan. 31:3 The LORD thy God, he will go over before thee, and he will destroy these nations from before thee, and thou shalt possess them: and Joshua, he shall go over before thee, as the LORD hath said. 31:4 And the LORD shall do unto them as he did to Sihon and to Og, kings of the Amorites, and unto the land of them, whom he destroyed. 31:5 And the LORD shall give them up before your face, that ye may do unto them according unto all the commandments which I have commanded you. 31:6 Be strong and of a good courage, fear not, nor be afraid of them: for the LORD thy God, he it is that doth go with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee.
If the Israelites had entered the Promised Land, forty years earlier when they first had the opportunity, there would be no Book of Deuteronomy in the Bible (see Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?).
"31:9 And Moses wrote this law, and delivered it unto the priests the sons of Levi, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and unto all the elders of Israel. 31:10 And Moses commanded them, saying, At the end of every seven years, in the solemnity of the year of release, in the feast of tabernacles, 31:11 When all Israel is come to appear before the LORD thy God in the place which he shall choose, thou shalt read this law before all Israel in their hearing. 31:12 Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and thy stranger that is within thy gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear the LORD your God, and observe to do all the words of this law: 31:13 And that their children, which have not known any thing, may hear, and learn to fear the LORD your God, as long as ye live in the land whither ye go over Jordan to possess it." (Deuteronomy 21:9-13 KJV)
The Book of Deuteronomy was both a history lesson to the children and grandchildren of the adult Exodus generation and a reiteration of the original Book of the Law.
"31:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Behold, thy days approach that thou must die: call Joshua, and present yourselves in the tabernacle of the congregation, that I may give him a charge. And Moses and Joshua went, and presented themselves in the tabernacle of the congregation.
Fact Finder: From what Messianic prophetic vision do we know that Moses will be in the future Kingdom of God?
This Day In History, January 24
41: Roman emperor Caligula was assassinated by his own bodyguards, the Praetorian Guards. Caligula had succeeded Tiberius who ruled the Roman Empire at the time of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ (see A History Of Jerusalem: Pompey And The Caesars). The assassins then proclaimed Caligula's uncle Claudius as Emperor (see also Whatever Happened To Those Romans?).
1076: German bishops renounced their subjection to Pope Gregory at the Synod of Worms (Vorms, rendered in English as "Worms," is a city in Germany).
1438: The Council of Basel suspended Pope Eugene IV.
1458: Matthias Corvinus was elected the king of Hungary. He was the son of the popular Hungarian nationalist leader John Hunyadi.
1568: The Spanish imperial governor, the Duke of Alva, declared William I ("William of Orange") of the Netherlands an outlaw. William was a leading founder of Dutch independence.
1679: King Charles II of England dissolved the Cavalier Parliament. It became the longest-running English Parliament, during 18 years of the reign of Charles II. Like its predecessor, the Convention Parliament, it was patriotically Royalist ("patriotism" originally meant faithful to the king).
1742: Charles Albert of Bavaria was proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VII. Charles opposed the Hapsburg, Francis, husband of Maria Theresa (see Emperors and Popes).
1800: The Convention of al-Arish. An abortive Anglo-French agreement for the French evacuation of Egypt.
1908: The first Boy Scout troop in the world was formed in England by Robert Baden-Powell.
1915: During that First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), the British fleet under the command of Admiral Beatty defeated the German navy under Von Hipper at the Battle of Dogger Bank. The German cruiser Blucher was sunk, killing 870.
1931: The League of Nations rebuked Poland for the mistreatment of a German minority in Upper Silesia.
1961: A U.S. B-52 bomber, with two 24-megaton nuclear bombs aboard, crashed near Goldsboro, North Carolina. While neither of the weapons of mass destruction detonated from the impact, the explosive uranium core of one of them was never recovered.
1965: Sir Winston Churchill died at age 90. He served as the Prime Minister of Britain during the Second World War.
1966: Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru (India's first prime minister), became Prime Minister of India after the death of Sri Shastri.
1972: On Guam, a Japanese soldier from World War Two was discovered. Shoichi Yokoi had spent 28 years in the jungle with the belief that the war that ended in 1945 was still ongoing.
1978: A Soviet Union satellite, powered by a nuclear reactor, re-entered the earth's atmosphere and disintegrated over northern Canada.
1981: Millions of workers in Poland boycotted their jobs to support the Solidarity trade union's demand for a 5 day work week. The communist government eventually relented.
1986: Voyager 2 made a fly-by of the planet "Uranus" (a pagan name given to the planet by man) at 81,593 km. It found new moons.
1989: Mass murderer Ted Bundy, 42, was executed in the Florida electric chair; he killed up to 100 women.
2003: The U.S. "Department of Homeland Security" officially began operations.