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Tuesday, January 28 2014
Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission
"Now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them"
Joshua was the closest and most-trustworthy friend and ally of Moses for the entire forty years in the Sinai (see Deuteronomy 2: The Israelite Wanderland). At the very start, it was Joshua alone who had accompanied Moses onto Mount Sinai (see Exodus 19: Arrival At Mount Sinai, Exodus 20: The Ten Commandments and Exodus 32: The Mount Sinai Riot).
When most of the Israelites refused to enter the Promised Land, at their first opportunity only about fourteen months after the Exodus (see Numbers 13: The Exploration Of The Promised Land), it caused the entry into the Promised Land to be delayed by forty years (see Numbers 14: Why 40 Years In The Sinai?). One of the many results of that (see the detailed list at Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?) was that Joshua, not Moses, led the Israelites (the children and grandchildren of the Exodus generation) home.
"1:1 Now after the death of Moses the servant of the LORD it came to pass, that the LORD spake unto Joshua the son of Nun, Moses' minister, saying, 1:2 Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel. 1:3 Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses. 1:4 From the wilderness and this Lebanon even unto the great river, the river Euphrates, all the land of the Hittites, and unto the great sea toward the going down of the sun, shall be your coast. 1:5 There shall not any man be able to stand before thee all the days of thy life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with thee: I will not fail thee, nor forsake thee." (Joshua 1:1-5 KJV)
Joshua had the same strength of character as Moses. Fortunately for Joshua, the later generation of Israelites in the leadership time of Joshua did not have the same liberal weakness of character as the Exodus generation (see Deuteronomy 24: How Long Were They Slaves?) who failed Moses by demanding to return to their slavery rather than enter the Promised land (see Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation).
"1:6 Be strong and of a good courage: for unto this people shalt thou divide for an inheritance the land, which I sware unto their fathers to give them. 1:7 Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it to the right hand or to the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest. 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of thy mouth; but thou shalt meditate therein day and night, that thou mayest observe to do according to all that is written therein: for then thou shalt make thy way prosperous, and then thou shalt have good success. 1:9 Have not I commanded thee? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be thou dismayed: for the LORD thy God is with thee whithersoever thou goest." (Joshua 1:6-9 KJV)
The other major difference was that Israel was originally intended to have entered the Promised Land from the south, through the Negev Desert (see the Fact Finder question below). In the time of Joshua, they were to enter the Promised Land from the east, by crossing the Jordan River. By that time also, the Israelites had won territory east of the Jordan - that would not have been Israelite territory if they had entered through the Negev Desert (see Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan).
"1:10 Then Joshua commanded the officers of the people, saying, 1:11 Pass through the host, and command the people, saying, Prepare you victuals; for within three days ye shall pass over this Jordan, to go in to possess the land, which the LORD your God giveth you to possess it. 1:12 And to the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to half the tribe of Manasseh, spake Joshua, saying, 1:13 Remember the word which Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, saying, The LORD your God hath given you rest, and hath given you this land. 1:14 Your wives, your little ones, and your cattle, shall remain in the land which Moses gave you on this side Jordan; but ye shall pass before your brethren armed, all the mighty men of valour, and help them; 1:15 Until the LORD have given your brethren rest, as he hath given you, and they also have possessed the land which the LORD your God giveth them: then ye shall return unto the land of your possession, and enjoy it, which Moses the LORD'S servant gave you on this side Jordan toward the sunrising." (Joshua 1:10-15 KJV)
Unlike the generation that refused to follow Moses into the Promised Land, the Israelites under Joshua forty years later declared "All that thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou sendest us, we will go."
"1:16 And they answered Joshua, saying, All that thou commandest us we will do, and whithersoever thou sendest us, we will go. 1:17 According as we hearkened unto Moses in all things, so will we hearken unto thee: only the LORD thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses. 1:18 Whosoever he be that doth rebel against thy commandment, and will not hearken unto thy words in all that thou commandest him, he shall be put to death: only be strong and of a good courage." (Joshua 1:16-18 KJV)
Fact Finder: What events of Israelite history happened in the Negev Desert?
This Day In History, January 28
814: Charlemagne ("Charles the Great"), German king and Holy Roman emperor (the The Holy Roman Empire was officially known as The Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation), died at age 71 (see also Emperors and Popes and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1547: King Henry VIII of England died at age 55. England broke away from the Church of Rome during Henry's reign. His nine-year-old son, Edward VI became King, and the first "Protestant" ruler of England.
1561: In France, the Edict of Orleans outlawed the persecution of Huguenots (French Protestants) by Catholics.
1581: In Scotland, King James VI signed the Second Confession of Faith.
1596: British explorer and naval officer Sir Francis Drake died at age 50. Drake and his crew were the first Englishmen to sail around the world (1577-1580). Later, in 1588, Drake was one of the commanders of the British fleet that defended Britain from the Spanish Armada (sent by the Pope to invade and subjugate Britain).
1724: The Russian Academy of Sciences was founded in St. Petersburg by Peter the Great, Czar of Russia.
1725: Peter the Great, Czar of Russia (czar is the Russian form of Caesar, as is the German Kaiser), died at age 52 after reigning from 1682.
1788: The first British penal colony was established at Botany Bay in New South Wales, Australia.
1807: Pall Mall ("parallel to the mall") in London became the first street to be illuminated by gaslight.
1871: During the Franco-Prussian War (France and Germany), Prussian forces captured Paris.
1918: Dr. John McCrae, the Canadian military doctor who wrote In Flanders Fields, died.
1921: Albert Einstein proposed the possibility that the size of the universe could be calculated (see also Parabolic Prophecies).
1932: In the lead-up to the Pacific theater of the Second World War, the Japanese army occupied Shanghai to force an end to a Chinese boycott of Japanese goods.
1935: Iceland became the first country to "legalize" (in man's eyes, not God's) abortion on medical or "social" (i.e. commit fornication or adultery, then commit murder to get rid of the "problem") excuses.
1943: During the Second World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars), Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) mobilized the entire German adult population for the war effort.
1950: The French Assembly ratified their proclamation under which Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos became "independent" colonies within the French union. After France retreated from the region due to the civil wars that their imperialism created, the U.S. became involved in the Vietnam War (which was actually a civil war between the Vietnamese people whose single country had been partitioned in 1954, by the French at the end of the First Indochina War, into North and South Vietnam).
1973: The Vietnam War (see the entry for 1950, above) cease-fire was signed by the U.S. and North Vietnam in Paris.
1980: During the Iranian hostage crisis, 6 U.S. "diplomats" (most of whom were later admitted to be CIA agents), who missed being taken captive when the U.S. Embassy was invaded by Iranian militants, escaped out of Tehran in what became known as "The Canadian Caper." The U.S. spies were secretly given refuge by Canadian diplomats in the Canadian Embassy for over 2 months before leaving Iran by using Canadian identities and passports provided by the Canadian government.
1986: Seven astronauts died after the Challenger space shuttle exploded 72 seconds after launch - Francis "Dick" Scobee, 46; Michael Smith, 40; Judith Resnik, 36; Ellison Onizuka, 39; Ronald McNair, 35; Gregory Jarvis, 41; Christa McAuliffe, 37.