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Saturday, February 1 2014
Joshua 5: The Gilgal Passover
"The children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho"
With the crossing of the Jordan River accomplished (see Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission, Joshua 2: Rahab Of Jericho, Joshua 3: The Crossing Of The Jordan and Joshua 4: Beachhead In The Promised Land), the Canaanite nations (see What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?) began to panic - not because of what the Israelites did, but because of what the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) had done for them.
"5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel." (Joshua 5;1 KJV)
The Israelite arrival in the Promised Land was forty years later than had been originally planned (see Deuteronomy 1: Why A Book Of Deuteronomy In The Bible?). Another of the results of that delay was the commandment of circumcision, that had been originally given to Abraham centuries before (see Genesis 17: From Abram To Abraham), had been neglected by the liberal Exodus generation (see Exodus 13: Liberation, Not Liberal-ation and Deuteronomy 2: The Israelite Wanderland).
"5:2 At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, Make thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time. 5:3 And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins.
The Israelites had left Egypt at the time of Passover (see Exodus 12: The First Passover; also Exodus 11: The Passover Moon At Midnight). Forty years later, the Israelites entered the Promised Land at the time of Passover. That Passover marked the end of the free manna.
"5:10 And the children of Israel encamped in Gilgal, and kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the month at even in the plains of Jericho. 5:11 And they did eat of the old corn of the land on the morrow after the passover, unleavened cakes, and parched corn in the selfsame day. 5:12 And the manna ceased on the morrow after they had eaten of the old corn of the land; neither had the children of Israel manna any more; but they did eat of the fruit of the land of Canaan that year." (Joshua 5:10-12 KJV)
Joshua knew that Israel had a war to fight. Among the Israelite army were warriors of the LORD who couldn't be wounded or killed.
"5:13 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua went unto him, and said unto him, Art thou for us, or for our adversaries?
Fact Finder: How many wars have the present-day people of Israel fought in the very same land taken by Joshua?
This Day In History, February 1
1327: Edward III was coronated King of England. The Hundred Years War began during his reign.
1328: Charles IV of France, the last monarch in the direct line of the Capetian dynasty (named after Hugh Capet who became king in 987), died.
1542: Cardinal Girolamo Aleandro died at age 62. He was an active opponent of the Lutheran Reformation. In 1520 Pope Leo X sent him to Germany to lead the opposition against Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms (named after Vorms, a city in Germany). In Brussels, Aleandro was responsible for the death of the first martyrs of the Reformation.
1587: Elizabeth I, daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn (Henry broke away from Rome and created the Church of England so that he could divorce his first wife, Katherine of Aragon, to marry Anne Boleyn), signed the Warrant of Execution for (Roman Catholic) Mary Queen of Scots who was involved in three assassination attempts on Elizabeth I.
1662: Chinese General Koxinga captured the island of Taiwan.
1793: Revolutionary France declared war on England and Holland. French King Louis XVI was executed shortly before.
1796: The capital of Upper Canada (a term based upon the flow of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean i.e. Upper Canada was southern Ontario and Lower Canada was southern Quebec) was moved from Newark (today, Niagara On The Lake, Ontario) to York (today, Toronto, Ontario).
1861: 25 years after seceding from Mexico in 1836, Texas seceded from the U.S. to join the Confederate States of America.
1884: The Oxford English Dictionary's first volume was published.
1908: King Carlos I (Carlos is the Spanish form of "Charles") of Portugal was assassinated with his son in Lisbon.
1909: U.S. invasion forces left Cuba after installing Jose Miguel Gomez as President. Gomez left Cuba in 1920 and died in exile in New York City.
1920: The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP, the "Mounties") were established. They were created from the merger of the Northwest Mounted Police and Dominion Police.
1934: Austrian Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss dissolved all political parties except his own "Fatherland Front." Another Austrian, Adolf Hitler, had just been elected as Chancellor in Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1949: Israel formally annexed "West Jerusalem" (see the series of Jerusalem history studies beginning with A History Of Jerusalem: In The Beginning).
1958: Egypt and Syria proclaimed their union as "The United Arab Republic."
1979: In Teheran, Iran, the Ayatollah Khomeini returned from 15 years of exile in France. The Shah (king) had fled the country 2 weeks earlier for exile in the U.S.
2003: The U.S. Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrated upon re-entry killing all 7 astronauts aboard: Rick Husband, Michael Anderson, David Brown, Kalpana Chawla, Laurel Clark, William McCool, and the first Israeli astronaut, Ilan Ramon.
2004: 251 Muslims were trampled to death and 244 injured in a stampede at the Hajj pilgrimage in Saudi Arabia.