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Wednesday, February 5 2014
Joshua 9: The Gibeonite Deception
"And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them"
The Israelite victories over Jericho and Ai (see Joshua 6: The Fall Of Jericho and Joshua 8: The Ambush Of Ai) became widely known throughout the land of Canaan. In response, the otherwise independent Canaanite nations "gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord."
"9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof; 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord." (Joshua 9:1-2 KJV)
The city of Gibeon was next in line in the advance of the Israelites after Ai. Rather than attempting to fight, the Gibeonites resorted to an elaborate deception that enabled them to make a peace treaty with the Israelites.
"9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai, 9:4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.
Joshua had been suspicious of them, but he did not seek the counsel of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God). It was a mistake. Three days later, the Israelites discovered that they had been duped. While some may suggest that the Israelites should not have considered themselves bound by a treaty made under false pretenses, Joshua nevertheless honored his word.
"9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjathjearim. 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel.
Fact Finder: What does the Holy Bible actually say about the people of Canaan?
This Day In History, February 5
62: The 62 Earthquake occurred in Pompeii, Italy. The city was completely destroyed in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
1428: King Alfonso V ordered Sicily's Jews to attend "Christian" (i.e. Church of Rome) sermons so that they would become "converted" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).
1555: The Diet (from the Latin word dieta meaning a day; the word diary has the same origin) of The Holy Roman Empire opened at Augsburg. Proclaimed by Charles V, it dealt with numerous religious matters. Among the decisions reached: that no member of the empire would go to war with another on religious grounds, and both Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism were to be allowed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1556: Henry II of France and Philip of Spain signed the truce of Vaucelles.
1631: Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, arrived from England in the English-created colony of Boston (prior to the coming of the English, the site of Boston was nothing more than swamp and wilderness).
1679: The Treaty of Nijmegen was signed by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King Louis XIV of France.
1810: The Siege of Cadiz began during the Peninsular War between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula.
1811: After King George III became incapacitated by old age and illness, the Prince of Wales became Prince Regent of England, later to be George IV.
1818: Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascended to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.
1841: The union of Upper and Lower Canada became effective. "Upper" and "Lower" Canada were terms based simply on the flow of the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean; "Upper Canada" was present-day southern Ontario, "Lower Canada" was southern Quebec.
1881: Thomas Carlyle, English author and historian, died at age 85.
1909: Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announced the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic.
1924: The Royal Greenwich Observatory began broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal.
1941: Andrew Barton Paterson, Australian poet, died. He is widely credited as the author of Waltzing Matilda.
1954: The most northerly group of islands in Canada was named the Queen Elizabeth Islands. William Baffin was credited with the 1616 discovery of the islands.
1958: A hydrogen bomb was lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, It was never recovered.
1973: Construction began on the CN Tower in Toronto.
1983: Klaus Barbie, wanted Nazi war criminal, was imprisoned in Lyons, France, after extradition from Bolivia.
1997: Switzerland's three largest banks, facing international pressure, announced that they had created a 100 million Swiss franc Holocaust memorial fund as a gesture of good will toward their critics.
1997: Fire swept through the library of Pulkovo Observatory, Russia's most famous astronomical institution. The fire and the water used to fight it destroyed or damaged nearly 5,000 rare old books. Arson was the suspected cause - the "Russian Mafia" was believed to be responsible because they wanted the observatory's extensive grounds, near St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad), made available for hotel construction.