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Wednesday, February 5 2014

Joshua 9: The Gibeonite Deception

"And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them"

The Israelite victories over Jericho and Ai (see Joshua 6: The Fall Of Jericho and Joshua 8: The Ambush Of Ai) became widely known throughout the land of Canaan. In response, the otherwise independent Canaanite nations "gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord."

"9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof; 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord." (Joshua 9:1-2 KJV)

The city of Gibeon was next in line in the advance of the Israelites after Ai. Rather than attempting to fight, the Gibeonites resorted to an elaborate deception that enabled them to make a peace treaty with the Israelites.

Gibeon

"9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai, 9:4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, We be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.

9:7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, Peradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?

9:8 And they said unto Joshua, We are thy servants.

And Joshua said unto them, Who are ye? and from whence come ye?

9:9 And they said unto him, From a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the LORD thy God: for we have heard the fame of him, and all that he did in Egypt, 9:10 And all that he did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, which was at Ashtaroth. 9:11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, We are your servants: therefore now make ye a league with us. 9:12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy: 9:13 And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey.

9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the LORD. 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them." (Joshua 9:3-15 KJV)

Joshua had been suspicious of them, but he did not seek the counsel of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God). It was a mistake. Three days later, the Israelites discovered that they had been duped. While some may suggest that the Israelites should not have considered themselves bound by a treaty made under false pretenses, Joshua nevertheless honored his word.

"9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjathjearim. 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel.

And all the congregation murmured against the princes. 9:19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, We have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. 9:20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them. 9:21 And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation; as the princes had promised them.

9:22 And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, Wherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, We are very far from you; when ye dwell among us? 9:23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God.

9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, Because it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded his servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing. 9:25 And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.

9:26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. 9:27 And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose." (Joshua 9:16-27 KJV)

Fact Finder: What does the Holy Bible actually say about the people of Canaan?
See What Does The Bible Really Say About Canaanites?


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This Day In History, February 5

62: The 62 Earthquake occurred in Pompeii, Italy. The city was completely destroyed in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

1428: King Alfonso V ordered Sicily's Jews to attend "Christian" (i.e. Church of Rome) sermons so that they would become "converted" (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1555: The Diet (from the Latin word dieta meaning a day; the word diary has the same origin) of The Holy Roman Empire opened at Augsburg. Proclaimed by Charles V, it dealt with numerous religious matters. Among the decisions reached: that no member of the empire would go to war with another on religious grounds, and both Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism were to be allowed (see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).

Pompeii 1556: Henry II of France and Philip of Spain signed the truce of Vaucelles.

1631: Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, arrived from England in the English-created colony of Boston (prior to the coming of the English, the site of Boston was nothing more than swamp and wilderness).

1679: The Treaty of Nijmegen was signed by Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I and King Louis XIV of France.

1810: The Siege of Cadiz began during the Peninsular War between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula.

1811: After King George III became incapacitated by old age and illness, the Prince of Wales became Prince Regent of England, later to be George IV.

1818: Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte ascended to the thrones of Sweden and Norway.

1841: The union of Upper and Lower Canada became effective. "Upper" and "Lower" Canada were terms based simply on the flow of the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River toward the Atlantic Ocean; "Upper Canada" was present-day southern Ontario, "Lower Canada" was southern Quebec.

1881: Thomas Carlyle, English author and historian, died at age 85.

1909: Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland announced the creation of Bakelite, the world's first synthetic plastic.

1924: The Royal Greenwich Observatory began broadcasting the hourly time signals known as the Greenwich Time Signal.

1941: Andrew Barton Paterson, Australian poet, died. He is widely credited as the author of Waltzing Matilda.

1954: The most northerly group of islands in Canada was named the Queen Elizabeth Islands. William Baffin was credited with the 1616 discovery of the islands.

1958: A hydrogen bomb was lost by the US Air Force off the coast of Savannah, Georgia, It was never recovered.

1973: Construction began on the CN Tower in Toronto.

1983: Klaus Barbie, wanted Nazi war criminal, was imprisoned in Lyons, France, after extradition from Bolivia.

1997: Switzerland's three largest banks, facing international pressure, announced that they had created a 100 million Swiss franc Holocaust memorial fund as a gesture of good will toward their critics.

1997: Fire swept through the library of Pulkovo Observatory, Russia's most famous astronomical institution. The fire and the water used to fight it destroyed or damaged nearly 5,000 rare old books. Arson was the suspected cause - the "Russian Mafia" was believed to be responsible because they wanted the observatory's extensive grounds, near St. Petersburg (formerly Leningrad), made available for hotel construction.


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