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Thursday, February 6 2014
Joshua 10: The Sun and Moon Over The Valley Of Ajalon
"There was no day like that before it or after it, that the LORD hearkened unto the voice of a man: for the LORD fought for Israel"
One of the most well-known historical events recorded in the Holy Scriptures was "Joshua's long day" in which the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) miraculously stopped time, while time continued on the battlefield, so that the sun and moon both stood visibly still in the sky.
The moon phase that day could not have been full (the full moon always rises at sunset and sets at sunrise), so what the Israelites saw would have been something between last quarter (rises at midnight, sets at noon) and first quarter (rises at noon, sets at midnight). Although the new moon rises at sunrise and sets at sunset, the astronomical new moon is never visible. Also, eclipses of the sun can only occur at new moon, when the moon is between the earth and the sun, while eclipses of the moon can only occur at full moon when the earth is between the sun and the moon (see the Fact Finder question below; see also Exodus 11: The Passover Moon At Midnight).
The event occurred near Ajalon, from the Hebrew place name, pronounced aw-yaw-lone, which means deer field or place of deer. It is rendered into English as either Ajalon or Aijalon, or sometimes both (the King James Version uses both to translate the same single original word, as shown in the Scripture quotes in this study).
Ajalon in Dan, located about 15 miles northwest from Jerusalem, was the name used for both a town and the surrounding valley, although there was at least one other place by the same name in the land of Israel, in Zebulun. After the division of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel and Judah), Ajalon / Aijalon was near the border between the northern Kingdom of Israel (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes and Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan) and the southern Kingdom of Judah (see Israel In History and Prophecy: Kingdom Of Judah and Israel In History and Prophecy: Israel Of Judah).
Some have worried or argued that Joshua's "long day" affected the original week, but the calendar commanded to be used by the LORD marks days from sunset to sunset, not on a mechanical or digital clock from midnight to midnight (see the Fact Finder question below). Although it was a long day, it was just one day.
"10:1 Now it came to pass, when Adonizedek king of Jerusalem [see also A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan] had heard how Joshua had taken Ai, and had utterly destroyed it; as he had done to Jericho and her king, so he had done to Ai and her king; and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel, and were among them; 10:2 That they feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, as one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty. 10:3 Wherefore Adonizedek king of Jerusalem sent unto Hoham king of Hebron, and unto Piram king of Jarmuth, and unto Japhia king of Lachish, and unto Debir king of Eglon, saying, 10:4 Come up unto me, and help me, that we may smite Gibeon: for it hath made peace with Joshua and with the children of Israel.
"10:16 But these five kings fled, and hid themselves in a cave at Makkedah. 10:17 And it was told Joshua, saying, The five kings are found hid in a cave at Makkedah. 10:18 And Joshua said, Roll great stones upon the mouth of the cave, and set men by it for to keep them: 10:19 And stay ye not, but pursue after your enemies, and smite the hindmost of them; suffer them not to enter into their cities: for the LORD your God hath delivered them into your hand.
The Israelite onslaught then continued through Libnah, Lachish, Eglon and Debir. "So Joshua smote all the country of the hills, and of the south, and of the vale, and of the springs, and all their kings: he left none remaining, but utterly destroyed all that breathed, as the LORD God of Israel commanded."
"10:29 Then Joshua passed from Makkedah, and all Israel with him, unto Libnah, and fought against Libnah: 10:30 And the LORD delivered it also, and the king thereof, into the hand of Israel; and he smote it with the edge of the sword, and all the souls that were therein; he let none remain in it; but did unto the king thereof as he did unto the king of Jericho [see Joshua 6: The Fall Of Jericho].
Fact Finder: (a) What is an actual month, as declared by the Creator? (b) How did the LORD create the week?
This Day In History, February 6
1215: Japanese emperor Hojo Tokimasa died.
1515: Aldus Manutius, Italian editor and printer, died. He printed the first "paperbacks" and invented italics.
1626: Huguenot rebels and the French signed the Peace of La Rochelle.
1685: Charles II, king of Great Britain and Ireland, died. James II became the new king.
1695: Ahmed II, Ottoman sultan from 1691-1695, died at age 53. His reign was marked by the continuing war with "The Holy League" of Austria, Poland and Venice (listen to our Sermon The Ottoman Empire; see also The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation, The Prophet Daniel: Kings Of The North and South, Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy and A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1778: The U.S. and France signed treaties that would permit, "without French interference," the U.S. to invade English areas of Canada (which happened during the War of 1812-1814 - the only attempted invasion of Canada in Canadian history) and Bermuda, while France would attempt to take the British West Indies. France supported the breakaway of the New England colonies for their own predatory political reasons. France had no interest what-so-ever in anyone's "freedom" - as so many have been brainwashed into believing with idolatrous propaganda. When the New England colonies rebelled, France hypocritically maintained an oppressive grip on its own French colonies in Louisiana and what is today eastern Canada. Their sole intent was the break England's military connection to the colonies that England created in New England so that France could invade and take them over for itself. The plan was not carried out only because Napoleon Bonaparte's imperial wars in Europe consumed the French army.
1804: Joseph Priestley, English cleric, chemist, one of the discoverers of oxygen, died.
1806: British naval forces defeated the French at the Battle of San Domingo in the Caribbean.
1840: New Zealand became a British colony with the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi.
1899: The Treaty of Paris was ratified by the U.S. Senate by one vote, ending the "Spanish-American" War. Spain ceded Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and the Philippines to the U.S. for $20 million.
1922: Cardinal Achille Ratti was elected to succeed Pope Benedict XV as Pius XI.
1923: Edward Barnard died at age 66. He is considered to be the leading observational astronomer of his time; he discovered 16 comets and Jupiter's fifth moon, discovered "Barnard's Star" and published a catalog of dark nebula.
1933: The Nazi government of Adolf Hitler began news censorship in Germany (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion).
1934: Massive riots in Paris; the government of Edouard Daladier resigned.
1936: Adolf Hitler opened the Winter Olympics in Berlin.
1952: King George VI of Great Britain and Northern Ireland died at age 57. He was succeeded by his 26 year old daughter, Queen Elizabeth II.
1958: An airplane carrying the Manchester United soccer team from the European Cup Match crashed on takeoff in Munich. 23 people were killed, including 8 members of the team and 8 journalists.
1964: France and Britain agreed on the joint construction of an English Channel tunnel.
2001: Ariel Sharon defeated Prime Minister Ehud Barak in Israel's election.