Tuesday, February 11 2014
Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland
"This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast"
The tribe of Judah ("Jew" is an abbreviation of Judah) originated from Jacob/Israel's son Judah and two Canaanite women (see the Fact Finder question below). The descendants of Judah grew from a man's family to a multitude, just as the other tribes had done, during the four hundred years that they lived in Egypt (see Genesis 46: The First Census Of Israel, Exodus 1: I Will There Make Of Thee A Great Nation and Numbers 1: The First Sinai Census). When the Israelites arrived in the Promised Land in the time of Joshua (see Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission), each tribe was given a homeland of its own. The LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) was their King, Joshua was the Prime Minister of the King and each of the tribal areas were provinces of the Kingdom of Israel.
Judah's tribal territory was south of the Jebusite city of Jerusalem (see A History Of Jerusalem: Jebus Of Canaan), between Gaza (see Gaza In History And Prophecy) and the Dead Sea (see The Salt Sea In History And Prophecy).
"15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast.
15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward:
15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maalehacrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadeshbarnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa:
15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt [see also Abraham's Seed: From The Nile To The Euphrates]; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast.
15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan:
15:6 And the border went up to Bethhogla, and passed along by the north of Betharabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben:
15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of Enshemesh, and the goings out thereof were at Enrogel:
15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:
15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjathjearim:
15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Bethshemesh, and passed on to Timnah:
15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea.
15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families.
15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron. [see Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron]
15:14 And Caleb drove thence the three sons of Anak, Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai, the children of Anak.
15:15 And he went up thence to the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher.
15:16 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.
15:17 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.
15:18 And it came to pass, as she came unto him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wouldest thou?
15:19 Who answered, Give me a blessing; for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And he gave her the upper springs, and the nether springs.
15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families.
15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah,
15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan,
15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth,
15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor,
15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah,
15:27 And Hazargaddah, and Heshmon, and Bethpalet,
15:28 And Hazarshual, and Beersheba, and Bizjothjah,
15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem,
15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah,
15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah,
15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages:
15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah,
15:34 And Zanoah, and Engannim, Tappuah, and Enam,
15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah,
15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages:
15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdalgad,
15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel,
15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon,
15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish,
15:41 And Gederoth, Bethdagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages:
15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan,
15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib,
15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages:
15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages:
15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages:
15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:
15:48 And in the mountains, Shamir, and Jattir, and Socoh,
15:49 And Dannah, and Kirjathsannah, which is Debir,
15:50 And Anab, and Eshtemoh, and Anim,
15:51 And Goshen, and Holon, and Giloh; eleven cities with their villages:
15:52 Arab, and Dumah, and Eshean,
15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
15:54 And Humtah, and Kirjatharba, which is Hebron, and Zior; nine cities with their villages:
15:55 Maon, Carmel, and Ziph, and Juttah,
15:56 And Jezreel, and Jokdeam, and Zanoah,
15:57 Cain, Gibeah, and Timnah; ten cities with their villages:
15:58 Halhul, Bethzur, and Gedor,
15:59 And Maarath, and Bethanoth, and Eltekon; six cities with their villages:
15:60 Kirjathbaal, which is Kirjathjearim, and Rabbah; two cities with their villages:
15:61 In the wilderness, Betharabah, Middin, and Secacah,
15:62 And Nibshan, and the city of Salt, and Engedi; six cities with their villages.
15:63 As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day." (Joshua 15:1-63 KJV)
Fact Finder: Why didn't Judah marry a Jew?
See Who Were The First Jews?
This Day In History, February 11
660 BC: The traditional date for the founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno.
55: Britannicus, a son of Roman emperor Claudius, was poisoned. It paved the way for Nero to become emperor (see also Nero's Torches).
1531: King Henry VIII appointed himself supreme head of his new Church of England after the Church of Rome refused to permit the king's adulterous re-marriages.
1554: Lady Jane Grey, who was Queen of England for 9 days, was beheaded for treason along with her husband Lord Dudley.
1573: English explorer and naval hero (i.e. in the battles against the Spanish Armada) Francis Drake sighted the Pacific Ocean.
1703: Godard van Reede-Ginkel, 1st earl of Athlone, died at age 59. The Dutch soldier, while in English service, completed the conquest of Ireland for Prince William of Orange (King William III of England) against the forces of the deposed King James II after the Revolution of 1688.
1790: The Religious Society of Friends, known as the Quakers, petitioned the new U.S. Congress for abolition of slavery in "the land of the free." The request was denied (George Washington, Thomas Jefferson and many of the signers of the Declaration of Independence remained slave holders for their entire lives).
1812: Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry signed a law changing the state's electoral boundaries to ensure a Republican victory. The manipulation gave rise to the term "gerrymandering."
1858: Bernadette Soubirous, 14, began 5 months during which she claimed to have 18 visions of Mary at Lourdes (if the girl saw anything at all, it wasn't Mary - Mary is dead, awaiting her resurrection like everyone else; see The Sleep Of Death).
1873: King Amadeo of Spain abdicated. It led to the proclamation of the first Spanish republic.
1919: Friedrich Ebert was elected the first President of the German republic. He helped to bring about the Weimar constitution that tried to unite Germany after the First World War (listen to our Sermon The European World Wars).
1922: The discovery of insulin by Frederick Banting and Charles Best was announced in Toronto.
1929: In the Lateran Palace in Rome, Benito Mussolini (representing the Italian king) and Cardinal Gasparri (representing Pope Pius) signed 3 historic documents (1) The Lateran Treaty gave the pope full sovereignty and temporal power over the 110-acre Vatican City. (2) a financial agreement compensated the Vatican for its surrender of claims to the old Papal States. (3) a concordat established Roman Catholicism as the official religion of Italy.
1945: The Yalta Conference of Winston Churchill of Britain, Franklin Roosevelt of the U.S. and Joseph Stalin of Russia ended.
1953: U.S. President Dwight Eisenhower refused a clemency appeal for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The couple were later executed by electric chair at New York's Sing Sing prison. Eyewitnesses recorded the Rosenbergs' death, noting that Julius Rosenberg died after the first electric shock, while his wife did not. After three electric shocks, guards removed her strapping and hood only to find that Mrs. Rosenberg was not dead. Two more electric shocks were then applied, from which smoke and the odor of burning flesh rose from her body in the chamber.
1970: Japan became the 4th country to put a satellite into orbit.
1975: Margaret Thatcher became the first woman leader of a British political party when she was elected leader of the Conservatives.
1990: Nelson Mandela released from a South Africa prison after 27 years on charges of treason.