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Friday, February 14 2014
Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin
"The lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph"
With the heartland of Israel acquired (see Joshua 11: The Land Rested From War and Joshua 13: The Frontiers) and the first tribal inheritances delivered (see Joshua 14: Caleb's Hebron, Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland, Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance and Joshua 17: West Manasseh), the remainder of the tribal provinces of the Kingdom of Israel then progressed. As the priesthood of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), the Levites would be given towns and lands throughout all of the other tribes (see Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites; also Numbers 35: Cities Of Refuge).
"18:1 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation there [see also Exodus 40: The Glory Of The LORD In His Tabernacle]. And the land was subdued before them. 18:2 And there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes, which had not yet received their inheritance.
The land allotment for Benjamin bordered Jerusalem and the tribal territory of Judah to the south. It was that geopolitical position that was the prime factor that caused the people of Benjamin to become part of the Kingdom of Judah rather than part of the northern Kingdom of Israel after Israel divided into "Israel" and "Judah" in the era of King Solomon (see the Fact Finder question below). If they had chosen to go with Israel, the "lost ten tribes" would be the "lost eleven tribes" (see Israel In History and Prophecy: The Lost Ten Tribes). Instead, the Benjamites today are identified as "Jews" (see the Fact Finder below).
"18:11 And the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families: and the coast of their lot came forth between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph.
This Day In History, February 14
842: Charles the Bald and Louis the German swore the Oaths of Strasbourg.
1014: Pope Benedict VIII crowned Henry II as Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation).
1076: Pope Gregory VII excommunicated Henry IV, the Holy Roman Emperor (see Emperors and Popes).
1349: 2,000 Jews were burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany.
1400: The deposed King Richard II died "under suspicious circumstances" in Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire.
1658: The Battle of Bahadurgarh; it helped to decide the war of succession among the sons of Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor of India.
1779: British explorer Captain James Cook was killed by natives in Hawaii.
1797: The British fleet, under Admirals John Jervis and Horatio Nelson, defeated the Spanish at the battle of St. Vincent off Portugal.
1804: Karadjordje led the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire.
1876: Inventors Alexander Graham Bell and Elisha Gray applied separately for U.S. patents related to the telephone. The U.S. Supreme Court eventually ruled that Bell was the rightful inventor.
1879: The War of the Pacific began between Chile and Bolivia.
1896: Der Judenstaat ("The Jewish State" - see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism) by Theodor Herzl was published in Vienna; English and French translations soon followed.
1922: Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi began the first regular radio broadcasting transmission from England.
1929: The "St. Valentine's Day Massacre" in Chicago. Al Capone's gang, in order to prevent the hijacking of whiskey shipments, killed 7 members of the Bugs Moran gang in a Chicago garage.
1939: The German navy launched the battleship Bismarck.
1942: The German Afrika Korps was organized under the command of Lt. Gen. (later Field Marshall) Irwin Rommel. It consisted of two armored divisions and one motorized infantry division. After initial successes, the Afrika Korps was defeated by British and Canadian forces under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery.
1944 The Mark I, the first computer that could perform arithmetical operations without human intervention, was completed by inventor Howard Aiken. It was 51 feet long, 8 feet high, and weighed 35 tons. It had about 500 miles of wire and 3 million connections.
1946: An "electronic brain", or "computer", began working at the University of Pennsylvania, taking seconds to do calculations which normally took hours. It was called ENIAC, or Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer.
1946: The Bank of England was nationalized.
1947: British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin announced that Britain was turning the "Palestine situation" over to the United Nations (see A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).
1949: The first session of the Constituent Assembly (later entitled the Knesset) of the new state of Israel was opened (see A History Of Jerusalem: Zionism).
1958: The Arab Union, a federation of Jordan and Iraq, was formed to counter the formation of the United Arab Republic by Egypt and Syria 2 weeks earlier. King Hussein of Jordan dissolved it August 2 of that same year.
1971: Richard Nixon installed a secret taping system in the White House to record conversations of political enemies. The recording system later provided much of the criminal evidence that brought down Nixon himself.
1989: Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini ordered a worldwide death sentence for writer Salman Rushdie for his book "The Satanic Verses (see also Has Another Haman Arisen?).
1992: The European Community and the seven-nation European Free Trade Association struck a final deal, clearing the way for the creation of the world's biggest single free market, exceeding that of the combined markets of the United States and Canada.