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Saturday, February 15 2014

Joshua 19: The Israel Lottery

"These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD"

The English word "lot" has a variety of meanings. From The WordWeb Dictionary by Princeton University:

  • "a large number or amount or extent"

  • "a parcel of land having fixed boundaries"

  • "an unofficial association of people or groups"

  • "your overall circumstances or condition in life"

  • "anything taken or chosen at random"

  • "any collection in its entirety"

"Lot" (the root word for lottery) was used to translate the Hebrew word, pronounced go-rawl, which literally means rough, but was used to refer to a small, hand-held stone, or pebble. "Casting lots" was sometimes used by the people of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God) to determine the will of the LORD, as a matter of fairness, based on equal opportunity (if, all other things being equal) random selection.

The tribal lands distribution, as described below, was one of a number of occasions when a lottery was used for official purposes. It wasn't however something that the Israelites invented for themselves; the LORD Himself told them to do it, for certain things. Another of the most well-known is the casting of lots for the two goats for the Day of Atonement (see Why Do Christians Observe The Messiah's Day Of Atonement?).

"16:7 And he shall take the two goats, and present them before the LORD at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation [see Exodus 40: The Glory Of The LORD In His Tabernacle]. 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots upon the two goats; one lot for the LORD, and the other lot for the scapegoat [see Sending Away The Escapades Goat].

16:9 And Aaron shall bring the goat upon which the LORD lot fell, and offer him for a sin offering. 16:10 But the goat, on which the lot fell to be the scapegoat, shall be presented alive before the LORD, to make an atonement with him, and to let him go for a scapegoat into the wilderness." (Leviticus 16:7-10 KJV)

Following those already done (see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland, Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance, Joshua 17: West Manasseh and Joshua 18: The Land Of Benjamin; see also Numbers 18: The Inheritance Of The Levites), the remainder of the tribes of Israel received their homeland according to lot.

Tribal Map
"19:1 And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah [see Joshua 15: Judah's Homeland]. 19:2 And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, or Sheba, and Moladah, 19:3 And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem, 19:4 And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah, 19:5 And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah, 19:6 And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages: 19:7 Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages: 19:8 And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 19:9 Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.

19:10 And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid: 19:11 And their border went up toward the sea [see also The Cities Of Lake Galilee], and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam; 19:12 And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia, 19:13 And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah; 19:14 And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel: 19:15 And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages. 19:16 This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

19:17 And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families. 19:18 And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem, 19:19 And Hapharaim, and Shion, and Anaharath, 19:20 And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez, 19:21 And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez; 19:22 And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan [see also Numbers 32: The Israel Of East Jordan]: sixteen cities with their villages. 19:23 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

Samaria
19:24 And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families. 19:25 And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph, 19:26 And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath; 19:27 And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand, 19:28 And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon; 19:29 And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre [see also Into The Coasts Of Tyre And Sidon]; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib: 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages. 19:31 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

19:32 The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families. 19:33 And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan: 19:34 And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side [see also What Did West Mean To The Israelites?], and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising. 19:35 And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth, 19:36 And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor, 19:37 And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor, 19:38 And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages. 19:39 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

19:40 And the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families. 19:41 And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh, 19:42 And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah, 19:43 And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron, 19:44 And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath, 19:45 And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon, 19:46 And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho. 19:47 And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father [see Dan's Galilee Panhandle]. 19:48 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages." (Joshua 19:1-48 KJV)

As had been done with Caleb, Joshua was given his own lands, within the territory of his tribe of Ephraim (see Joshua 16: Ephraim's Inheritance).

"19:49 When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them: 19:50 According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.

19:51 These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun [see From Moses And Aaron To Joshua and Eleazar], and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country." (Joshua 19:49-51 KJV)

Fact Finder: How were "lots" involved in Purim, an observance unique to the people of Judah during their exile?
See The Lots Of Purim


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This Day In History, February 15

590: Khosrau II was crowned king of Persia (Persia is known today as Iran; see Iran's Greatest Leader Was Pro-Zionist and A History Of Jerusalem: Ezra And Nehemiah).

1637: Ferdinand III was crowned as the Holy Roman Emperor (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation and Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy).

1763: The Treaty of Hubertusburg was signed. It ended the conflict between Austria and Prussia (not to be confused with Russia - Prussia is in Germany) in the Seven Years' War.

1764: St. Louis was founded as a French trading post in New France - which extended from what is today eastern Canada in the north to Louisiana in the south (Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715). St. Louis was named after French King Louis IX. Although many regard the loo-ee pronunciation to be slang, it's actually much closer to the original French-accent name than the later English loo-iss. "Missouri" was named after a tribe of Sioux people, the Missouris, who lived in the region.

New France

1898: The Spanish-U.S. War began after the U.S. battleship Maine blew up in Havana harbor. There was no sign of attack upon the ship; many believe that the ship's own 5 tons of gunpowder stores were accidentally detonated (as happened to other such warships where gunpowder was stored in bulk).

1922: The Permanent Court of International Justice, at The Hague in the Netherlands, held its first session. Established to address "crimes against humanity," the court has remained ineffective for war crimes committed by war-mongering nations because many of the greatest war criminals have refuge in their militarily-powerful nations that refuse to deliver them to "foreign" justice - while they themselves have subjected other nations to their "foreign" courts and tribunals during their rampage of invasions. There will however be no escape, for anyone, from God's Justice in due time - all are going to answer to the LORD for all of the evil that they have done, including those who have done their evil in God's Name (see So, You Think You Got Away With It?).

1928: Herbert Asquith died at age 76. Mr. Asquith served as the Prime Minister of Britain from 1908 to 1916, and as such was the leader of Britain during the first 2 years of the First World War (see also A History Of Jerusalem: The British Mandate).

1940: During the Second World War (which began in September 1939 when Germany invaded Poland), Adolf Hitler (see Presidential Quotes On War, Terrorism, Religion) ordered that all British merchant ships would be considered warships.

1942: After having their supplies of ammunition and food cut off, British and allied forces surrendered to the Japanese in Singapore - the single most catastrophic (but temporary) defeat in British military history; over 130,000 British, Canadian, Australian, and Indian troops were taken prisoner.

1944: U.S. warplanes bombed the Abbey of Monte Cassino in an effort to neutralize it as a German observation post in central Italy.

1950: Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung signed a Russian-Chinese mutual defense treaty in Moscow.

1954: Canada and the U.S. began construction of the Distant Early Warning Line ("the DEW Line"), a network of radar stations in the Arctic of Canada and Alaska to detect incoming Russian nuclear bombers. The system soon became obsolete upon the invention, just a few years later, of intercontinental ballistic missiles, as well as short-range nuclear missiles that can be fired from submarines a few miles off the east and west coasts of the entire continent of North America).

1965: Canada adopted the "Maple Leaf" as its new national flag (the Maple Leaf had already been a national symbol of Canada long before that time).

1971: Britain converted to decimal currency from pounds, shillings and pence.

1989: The Soviet Union ended its invasion of Afghanistan after over 9 years of occupation. The invasion was condemned and protested by the U.S., until the U.S. invaded Afghanistan itself a few years later.

1990: Britain and Argentina restored full diplomatic ties, affirming reconciliation after their 1982 war for the Falkland Islands.

2003: An estimated 30 million people, in 600 cities all around the world, protested (the largest peace demonstration in history) the U.S. invasion of Iraq and the war that followed. A few years later, it was proven that the protestors were correct, and that George W. Bush's justification for the war was totally false - no "weapons of mass destruction" were ever found in Iraq, and Iraq had nothing at all to do with the 9-11 terrorist attacks that were committed by men from Saudi Arabia (Osama bin-Laden was a Saudi-Arabian) and Pakistan - ironically, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, from which the 9-11 terrorists originated, were not invaded and are proclaimed as "allies in the war against terror," while Iraq and Afghanistan were invaded and devastated. Perhaps the greatest irony of all is that, while there is no doubt that Saddam Hussein was a murderer of his own people, captured documents prove that Saddam Hussein not only did not aid the al-Qaeda terrorist group, he actually regarded them as a threat to Iraq.

2013: A meteor entered the Earth's atmosphere and exploded over Russia, injuring 1,500 people when a shock wave blew out windows and damaged buildings.


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