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Sunday, February 16 2014
Joshua 20: Cities Of Justice
"That whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation"
The ancient world is often regarded as a more lethal place. Perhaps the primary reason is that people were responsible for their own security. There were no police or courts to intervene. The only law that many knew and were subject to was the law of survival. One simply could not afford to allow an enemy endless opportunities to do harm, so they were simply killed to extinguish the threat. The same happened in matters of revenge, regardless of whether the pursued individual was actually guilty.
In the Kingdom of the LORD (Who was and is Jesus Christ - see Genesis 1: In The Beginning Was The Word and The Kingdom Of The LORD God), of which "Israel" was an object-lesson prophecy of the coming Kingdom of God (see The Constitution Of The Kingdom Of God and The Church: Mission Accomplished), law and order were established for civilization. Accused people could resort to "cities of refuge," not to escape justice, but to see that justice was done.
The inheritance of the tribe of Levi (see Numbers 3: When Were The Levites Set Apart? and the Fact Finder question below) was their service to the LORD, throughout the tribal territories of all of the other tribes of Israel. For that reason, strategically-located Levite cities were designated as those "cities of refuge."
"20:1 The LORD also spake unto Joshua [see also Joshua 1: Joshua's Commission], saying,
Fact Finder: How did the inheritance of the Levites make them intermediaries of the LORD's justice?
This Day In History, February 16
374: The ninth recorded perihelion passage of what was later named Halley's Comet occurred.
1249: Dominican missionary and diplomat Andrew of Longjumeau was sent by Louis IX of France as his ambassador to establish diplomatic relations with the Khagan of the Mongol Empire (see also Gog and Magog).
1270: The Grand Duchy of Lithuania defeated the Livonian Order at the Battle of Karuse.
1349: Jews were expelled from Burgsdorf, Switzerland.
1559: Pope Paul IV called for the overthrow of any king who opposed the Church of Rome's doctrines (see Constantine's Crusades In History And Prophecy). The decree was aimed primarily at England.
1646: The Battle of Torrington in Devon. It was the last major battle of the First English Civil War.
1699: The First Leopoldine Diploma was issued by the Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I (see The Holy Roman Empire Of The German Nation). It provided the Greek Catholic clergy with the same rights as Roman Catholic priests in the Principality of Transylvania.
1771: Astronomer Charles Messier presented his original list of 45 M-objects to the French Academy.
1808: France invaded Spain during the Peninsular War.
1881: The Canadian Pacific Railway was incorporated by and Act of Parliament at Ottawa.
1918: Lithuania proclaimed its independence from Russia.
1940: The British destroyer HMS Cossack rescued British seamen from a German prison ship, the Altmark, in a Norwegian fjord.
1944: The Japanese naval base at Truk, Caroline Islands, was bombed by Allied aircraft, destroying 201 planes.
1948: "Miranda," a moon of the planet "Uranus," was photographed for the first time. While many scientists claim to reject religion, they nevertheless very often name heavenly objects after pagan gods e.g. Saturn, Uranus, Pluto.
1956: Britain abolished the death penalty.
1959: Fidel Castro was sworn in as Prime Minister of Cuba after leading a guerrilla campaign that ousted the C.I.A. and Mafia (the Cuba scenes in the "Godfather" movies are based on historical reality) backed dictator Fulgencio Batista on New Year's Day. The "out of the frying pan, into the fire" Cuban people went from being ruled by a fascist, U.S.-backed tyrant to a communist rebel.
1987: The trial of John Demjanjuk, accused of being "Ivan the Terrible" of the Treblinka death camp, began in Israel.
2005: The Kyoto Protocol came into force after its ratification by Russia.